National Research and Experimental Development Survey (R&D) 2016-17: All provinces in South Africa - Aggregated
Kruss Van Der Heever, Glenda Esther;
Binda, Lindiwe Eva;
Clayford, Mario Andre;
Hlakula, Zinziswa Kate
Description: This data set contains data on the R&D expenditure by province, type of R&D, research fields, socioeconomic objectives, sources of funds and province. R&D personnel data is also included. The data is recorded for each of the following economic sectors of the South...
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The universe of R&D performers was divided into the following five sectors as per the Survey Report 2001/2 dated September 2004:
Business enterprises (BUS): The business sector of large, medium and small enterprises, including state-owned companies.
Government (GOV): All government departments with an R&D component, government research institutes and museums.
Higher education institutions (HEI): Higher education institutions, namely the 21 universities (and academic hospitals) and 15 technikons.
Not-for-profit (NPO): Non-governmental and other organisations formally registered as not-for-profit institutions.
Science councils (SCI): the eight science research councils, plus the Africa Institute of South Africa, as established through their individual Acts of Parliament
The sampling method of each sector is briefly outlined below:
Business Sector: a purposive sampling procedure was employed whereby all known and likely R&D performers were targeted.
Government Sector: was surveyed using a census approach. All national and provincial government departments, research institutions and museums performing R&D were included.
Higher Education Sector: institutions, namely universities and universities of technology were included through a census survey.
Not-for-Profit Organisations (NPO) Sector: a purposive sampling procedure was employed whereby all known and likely R&D performers were targeted.
Science Councils Sector: were surveyed using a census approach.
Response rate = 100 x [Responses / (Responses + Non-responses - Out-of-scopes)], where non-responses include refusals and out-of-scopes include closed down, non-R&D performer, return to sender, untraceable, etc.
Business sector response rate = 100 x [308/(308 + 232 - 122)] = 73.7%
Not-for-profit sector response rate = 100 x [40/(40 + 33 - 9)] = 62.7%
Government sector response rate = 100 x [49/(49 + 55 - 4)] = 49.0%
Science Councils sector response rate = 100 x [13/(13 + 0 - 0)] = 100.0%
Higher Education sector (Public) response rate = 100 x [17/(17 + 7 - 0)] = 70.8%
Higher Education sector (Private) response rate = 100 x [6/(6 + 3 - 0)] = 66.7%
Overall survey response rate = 100 x [433/(433 + 330 - 135)] = 68.9%
Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross section, 2001/2 R&D Survey data is the start of a time series by CeSTII. After 2004/05, the survey has been conducted annually. Panel analysis is theoretically possible if data from several survey years is used.
This data set contains data on the R&D expenditure by province, type of R&D, research fields, socioeconomic objectives, sources of funds and province. R&D personnel data is also included. The data is recorded for each of the following economic sectors of the South African economy: Business, Government, Higher Education, Not-for-Profit Organisations and Science Councils.
The National Survey of Research and Experimental Development (R&D) Survey collects data under strict confidentiality. Aggregate data are used primarily to inform policy and strategic planning at a national level.
The National R&D Survey 2016/17 collected primary data from five survey sectors:
Business sector which consists of companies, business associations and state owned enterprises.
Government sector includes national and provincial departments, research institutes and museums.
Higher Education Institutions sector is made up of universities, universities of technology and private higher education institutions. Some limited supplementary data from HEMIS was used in this sector.
Not-for-Profit Organisations (NPO) sector.
Science Councils sector.
Some general organisational information was collected. The survey however focused on Human Resources and Financial data relating to in-house R&D conducted on the national territory of South Africa.
In-house R&D personnel categories included:
Technicians directly supporting R&D
Other personnel directly supporting R&D
Qualifications, gender and race
Full-time-equivalents (FTE) on R&D
In-house R&D expenditure categories included:
Capital expenditure, labour costs and other current expenditure.
Type of R&D (basic research, strategic basic research, applied research and experimental development)
Sources of funds
Research fields (fields of science)
Industry of R&D (Business sector only)
The key users of the data and findings include government departments, especially DST and the OECD who use survey indicators in their annual time-series publication on Main Science and Technology Indicators (MSTI).
Ad hoc requests for data are also accommodated and inform academic papers, reports and other outputs.
Kruss Van Der Heever, Glenda Esther; Binda, Lindiwe Eva; Buchana, Yasser; Clayford, Mario Andre; Hlakula, Zinziswa Kate et. al. (2020): National Research and Experimental Development Survey (R&D) 2016-17: All provinces in South Africa - Aggregated. Version: 1.0. HSRC - Human Science Research Council SA.Dataset. https://doi.org/10.14749/1577116207