Job Mobilities and Family Lives in Europe (First Wave)

Schneider, Norbert F. (Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz); Collet, Beate (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Lyon); Meil Landwerlin, Gerardo (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid); Giza-Poleszczuk, Anna (Universität Warschau); Widmer, Eric (Université de Genève, Genf) ...(2 more)
Spread and relevance of spatial mobility. The situation of mobile people. A: Identification of Job-Mobility: Employment status; paid work in the past; end of last job; daily travel time to work; variation due to several jobs; one hour commute at least 12 days per month; same d...
published 2011-11-29, Version 1.0.0

Full Metadata Record


Resource Type

Dataset : Survey and aggregate data



Language of Resource



Job Mobilities and Family Lives in Europe (First Wave)


Schneider, Norbert F.
Collet, Beate
Meil Landwerlin, Gerardo
Giza-Poleszczuk, Anna
Widmer, Eric
Kaufmann, Vincent
Hubert, Michel

Origin Information


Publication Date




C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.


All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see


SUZ, Duisburg, Germany TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France Metroscopia, Madrid, Spain Millward Brown /SMG KRC. Warsaw, Poland Erasm SA / DemoSCOPE, Carouge, Switzerland Sonecom – Sondages Etudes Communication, Brussels, Belgium



Sampled Universe
Residential population aged 25 to 54 years with access to landline phone (except Poland)

Collection Mode

  • Computer assisted telephone interviews (CATI) with standardized questionnaire, in Poland: face-to-face interviews (CAPI)

DataSets and Files

  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 7220
    Number of Variables: 780


  • Abstract

    Spread and relevance of spatial mobility. The situation of mobile people. A: Identification of Job-Mobility: Employment status; paid work in the past; end of last job; daily travel time to work; variation due to several jobs; one hour commute at least 12 days per month; same duration for the way home; duration of commute to get from job back home; number of commutes per week; overnighters were asked: number of job-related overnights per year; worked parts of the year away from home; at least 60 overnights away from home; recent relocators were asked: ever moved at least 50 km; number of movements; move for job-related reasons. Long-distance relationships: Stable relationship; common household with partner, employment status of partner, common household if jobs would allow it, duration of travel between the two residences. Job-Mobility of the partner: Daily travel time from home to work, number of commutes per week, job-related overnights in the last 12 months, number of job-related overnights per year, per month and per week, number of overnight days and weeks in a row, number of overnight trips per month, job-related move since 2004 for over 50 km. B) Origin and Place 1. Life history: Age (year of birth); country of birth; year and age of move to survey-country; ever lived one year or longer outside the country; stays abroad for one year or longer; citizenship (multiple answer); same country of origin as respondent`s parents; country of origin of respondent`s father and mother (migration background); year and age of move out from parental home; first home rent or own; distance to parental home at least 50 km; year of this relocation and up to 15 additional relocations; job-related reason for moving; moving across national border. 2. Place of living: Current place of living (NUTS); number of residences; number of places of living; own or rent own dwelling; attachment to own four walls and to the city of residence (scalometer); attachment to the region (only in Belgium and Spain); attachment to one`s country, to the country of birth, and to Europe; distance to friends; (only in Switzerland: frequency of contact with good friends, interaction in circle of friends). C) Family life 1. Partnership: Year and month of beginning of the relationship; year of marriage; first marriage; marital status; partner: year of birth; partner`s citizenship; highest educational level; employment status; more than one job; current occupation (only in France and Germany); number of work hours per week; main job; fixed-term or open-ended work contract; freedom of choosing work hours; number of partnerships; number of partnerships with cohabitation. 2. Children, childcare, grandchildren, household and parents: Number of children; number of step, foster or adopted children, all children living in the household; year of birth of children, own children, step children, adopted children, foster children, living children belonging to the household, reason for not living in the household, frequency of contact with these children; respondent is currently on maternal or parental leave; paid nanny or day mother for childcare; frequency of paid care; child is attending kindergarten or a day nursery; time of returning from school (hour and minute); grandparents taking care of children and frequency of care; grandparents are not alive anymore; child care by relatives or friends and frequency of care; intention to have an additional child; number of grandchildren; importance of job-related reasons for not having children; reasons for not having children; intention to have a child within the next 3 years; parents, grandparents and parents in law live within short distance. 3. Quality of partnership, division of labour and housework: Leisure activities together with the partner; necessity of daily face-to-face contact for a good partnership; visiting friends together with the partner; partner who cares for the children and handles housework; paid support for household. D) Work I: Job biography: Year of first job; number of different employers in job career; for former jobs was asked: daily commuting at least 1 hour one way; part of the week and part of the year away from home; long business trips; long distance relocation; moving to another country; highest educational level of respondent; enrolled in university or professional training. 2. Current occupational situation: working for pay: Respondents on maternal leave were asked: more than one job; number of different jobs; work hours per week; one main job or two (several) equal jobs; characteristics of main job: employment or self-employment status; year of and age at start of job; private or public sector; branch of activity; supervisor-function; supervised by other people; fixed-term or open-ended contract; contract length; frequency of working at home; freedom of deciding beginning and end of work day; company has more than one location; distribution of this location (same region, national, spread over Europe, world-wide); transfer offer to a different location within the company; acceptance of the transfer. 3. Current occupational situation of respondents not working for pay: engagement; year of starting the new job. E) Job-Mobility 1. Daily long-distance commuters: Commuting is related to first or second job; distance between home and workplace; means of transportation (number and mode); start of commuting (year and month). Overnighters: Travel related to first or second job; overnight days and weeks in a row; means and frequency of communication with partner; informed well ahead of time about time schedule; ability to arrange length and frequency of stay; changing worksites or same workplace; accommodation near the workplace. Shuttlers: Kind of accommodation; duration of travel from main household to accommodation; means of transportation; start of overnighting (year and month). Vari-Mobiles: Level of trips (regional, national, European or worldwide); kind of accommodation; direct travel from one work place to the other work place; frequency of partner`s and child`s visits at the different working places; start of frequently travelling (year and month). Long-distance relationships: Related to first or second job; living together with partner in one household; year and month of household separation; distance between the households; partner`s household in the same country; country of partner`s household; means and frequency of communication with the partner; who visits whom most often; number and means of transportation. Recent relocators: Concerning the last job-related move at least 50 km away: Move because of current, former job, first or second job; ever lived in the same region before; friends or relatives in the new place before movement; importance of maintaining relationships at the previous location; simultaneous move of partner; direct or later move of partner at that time; direct or later move of the family; duration until the partner or the family came; rented or owned last home; last home: sold, used or rented out, town of last home (NUTS); crossed a language barrier (only in Switzerland and Belgium); emigration country; immigration country; move involved changing employers; return from assignment; assignment; initial plan to stay; plans to return; date of planned return (year and month). Circumstances of job-mobility: Persons who encouraged and those who discouraged mobility decision; mobility decision was very difficult; free mobility decision; respondent would make mobility decision again; duration of mobility was foreseeable; plans to reduce mobility; perceived evaluation of mobility by others and oneself; mobility as temporary solution or permanent way of life; evaluation of job-related mobility as opportunity. Consequences of job-mobility: advantages of job-related mobility (only chance for both partners or for the respondent to work, career opportunities, earn more money, children stay in familiar environment, keep house, stay close to friends and relatives, fun, independence, more intensive time with partner, nice area); disadvantages (time pressure, often exhausted, not feeling at home anywhere, not enough engagement in housework, less efficient at work, neglecting contacts to people, high financial costs, too little time for the partner and the children, less leisure time, difficult to build up a partnership); evaluation of support by employer; company support (means of communication for private use, refunding of travel costs, costs for extra rent and moving, help with job finding for the partner or to find a kindergarten as well as school for the children, help with managing formal procedures); evaluation of potential further support for instance tax incentives or support from partner; development of good strategies to manage own mobile way of life and to integrate into the new location; related travelling as a waste of time. F) Work II: Readiness to become job-mobile: Desire for a job; willingness to move to another region, a foreign country, to long distance trips, to weekend commute, to go frequently on business trips; job refusal in the past because of mobility. G) Individual characteristics: Attitudes regarding job, job-mobility and family: hard to find an equivalent job in the case of unemployment; difficulty to find a decent job; worried not to have enough business or to lose one`s job; mobility is necessary for career; employers can expect mobility; more successful career with fewer other responsibilities; gender role: men as main provider and women taking care of home and family; self-characterization: ability to manage problems, good in reading maps and finding one`s way, future or past orientation (advantages of the new place or giving up one´s current life; self-assessment as family-oriented or career-oriented); job-interruption for more than one year because of taking care for children or family members and reduction of work hours for this reasons (respondent and partner); time of reduction; children and job career; postponing having more children. Health, stress and satisfaction: Self-assessment of health; mental state: Frequency of feeling pressed for time, tired and exhausted, full of energy, depressed, well-balanced, lonesome, stressed because of too many duties, work situation, conflicts with partner, worries concerning children; degree of stress in the last three months (scalometer); satisfaction with: the availability of public transport in the region, own financial situation, partnership, relationship to children, job situation; satisfaction with life (scalometer). Demography: Sex of respondent; language skills; availability of laptop, web access, car or motorcycle, motorway, station with regional trains, station with high speed trains and airport; frequency of use of public transport; net household income; partner who contributes most to household income. Additionally coded was: Weighting factors; Indicators: Job-mobility, education (ISCED), occupation (ISCO 88), job prestige (SIOPS, ISEI), Region (NUTS, LAU); Bundesland (German Region, NUTS-code, LAU (Local Administrative Unit); highest educational level of partner and of respondent; regrouped regions into 8 zones (France), Big region of Switzerland, size of municipality; type of municipality (Switzerland); region, educational level; current place of living or last home.


Temporal Coverage

  • 2007-05-10 / 2007-07-09
  • 2007-05-30 / 2007-07-19
  • 2007-05-18 / 2007-06-25
  • 2007-06-05 / 2007-07-30
  • 2007-05-10 / 2007-08-18
  • 2007-05-11 / 2007-08-15

Geographic Coverage

  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Belgium (BE)


Alternative Identifiers

  • ZA5065 (Type: ZA-No.)


  • Schneider, Norbert F.; Meil, Gerardo (eds.): Mobile Living across Europe I: Relevance and Diversity of Job-Related Spatial Mobility in Six European Countries. Opladen: Barbara Budrich 2008
  • Schneider, Norbert F.; Collet, Beate (eds.): Mobile Living Across Europe II: Causes and Consequences of Job-Related Spatial Mobility in Cross-National Perspective. Opladen: Barbara Budrich 2010

Update Metadata: 2021-08-30 | Issue Number: 246 | Registration Date: 2011-11-29