Politbarometer West 1993 (Cumulated Data Set)

Berger, Manfred (Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim); Jung, Matthias (Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim); Roth, Dieter (Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim)
The Politbarometer has been conducted since 1977 on an almost monthly basis by the Forschungsgruppe Wahlen on behalf of the Second German Television (ZDF). Since 1990, this database has also been available for the new German states. The survey focuses on the opinions and attit...
published 1994, Version 1.0.0

Full Metadata Record


Resource Type

Dataset : Numeric; Text



Language of Resource



Politbarometer West 1993 (Cumulated Data Set)


Berger, Manfred
Jung, Matthias
Roth, Dieter

Origin Information


Publication Date




A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.


All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp


Langhans, Monika
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim



Sampled Universe
Eligible voters living in private households with a telephone
Probability: Systematic random; Sampling Procedure Comment: Random selection. Sample according to the RLD procedure (randomize last digit)

Time Dimension

  • Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section

Collection Mode

  • Telephone interview
  • Telephone interview (CATI) with standardized questionnaire

DataSets and Files

  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 11187
    Number of Variables: 313


  • Abstract

    The Politbarometer has been conducted since 1977 on an almost monthly basis by the Forschungsgruppe Wahlen on behalf of the Second German Television (ZDF). Since 1990, this database has also been available for the new German states. The survey focuses on the opinions and attitudes of the voting-age population in the Federal Republic on current political issues, parties, politicians, and voting behavior. From 1990 to 1995 and from 1999 onward, the Politbarometer surveys were conducted separately both in the newly formed eastern and in the western German states (Politbarometer East and Politbarometer West). The separate monthly surveys of a year are integrated into a cumulative data set that includes all surveys of a year and all variables of the respective year. Starting in 2003, the Politbarometer short surveys, collected with varying frequency throughout the year, are integrated into the annual cumulation.
  • Table of Contents

    Judgement on parties and attitude to current political questions. Topics: Most important problems in Germany; party preference (Federal Parliament election, state parliament election, Sunday question and rank order procedure); behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election and the last state parliament election; sympathy scale for the parties, coalition, opposition, state government and selected federal politicians; self-classification on a left-right continuum; personal job security; ability of the government or opposition in solving economic problems in Eastern Germany; union membership; religiousness; party inclination and party identification; living together with a partner. Also encoded was: day of survey. Beyond this common part for all survey months of 1993 the following questions were also posed in at least one further survey month: assessment of the disagreement of the federal parties; most important politicians in the country; preference for federal chancellor; satisfaction with democracy; sense of well-being in Germany and interest in emigrating; the right people in leading positions; interest in politics; general judgement on the condition of society as well as comparison with other western societies; general judgement on the unification of Germany and fulfilled personal expectations in unification; general judgement on the economic development in Germany and one´s own economic situation; desire for separation of the two German nations; satisfaction with achievement of equivalent living conditions in east and west; adequate activities of the Federal Government for such an equalization; adequate effort of West German economy and East German population to develop Eastern Germany; too much complaining in the public opinion; judgement on the job of the trust-company; ability of the government or opposition regarding stability of monetary value, national debt and securing prosperity; perceived threat from crime; necessity of tax increases to finance German unity; knowledge about the solidarity pact between the Federal Government, SPD opposition and states as well as judgement on the solidarity pact; attitude to reintroduction of the solidarity tax and preferred point in time for this; attitude to reduction in social services and a job market tax for civil servants, self-employed and higher earners; preferred savings recommendations for social services; judgement on the reductions in the social area introduced by the Federal Government; attitude to reduction of the earnings-related unemployment benefit; assumed extent of abuse of social services; expected outcome of the government program to combat abuse; attitude to sale of government assets to avoid tax increases; judgement on the disputes in important questions; advantageousness of EC membership for the German population; judgement on the speed of European unification and preference for deepening the tie between current EC countries or for admission of new countries; preference for independence of Germany or for a stronger merger into a European nation; advantageousness of the European domestic market and attitude to a European currency; comparison of stability of a European currency and the DM; personal voting in case of a vote on the Maastricht Treaty; preferred countries for new admission into the EC; too many foreigners in Germany; attitude to the right to vote in municipal elections for foreigners and making acquisition of German citizenship easier; attitude to dual citizenship; assumed abuse of the right to asylum; party most able to solve the problem of applicants for asylum; expected effectiveness of change in the right to asylum after the compromise between government and opposition; attitude to immediate deportation of applicants for political asylum from countries in which there is no political persecution; proximity to accomodations for applicants for political asylum; problems experienced with applicants for political asylum; attitude to increase or reduction in admission of applicants for political asylum; understanding for violent demonstrations against applicants for political asylum; being ashamed due to these acts of violence; attitude to use of infrared and radar facilities to combat illegal immigration; necessity of stricter laws to combat right-wing extremism; attitude to designation of Republicans as new Nazis; dedicated supporters or protest voters in the elections; attitude to acceptance of increased responsibility in world politics by united Germany; attitude to combat missions of the Federal German Armed Forces in the framework of the UN; attitude to bombardment of military targets in Irak by the Americans, French and English; attitude to participation of German soldiers in AWACS air surveillance to enforce the flight prohibition over Bosnia and Herzegovina; consent with military actions of the UN against Serbia as well as attitude to participation of Federal German Armed Forces; attitude to Federal German Armed Forces missions in Somalia; judgement on the decision of the Federal Constitutional Court on the Somalia mission of the Federal German Armed Forces; attitude to membership of Germany in the UN Security Council; increased use of men in community service with an excess of persons liable for military service; community service for women; attitude to a conscript army or preference for professional soldiers; attitude to a reduction in Federal German Armed Forces; assessment of the jeopardy to peace in Europe; demand for higher moral standards among politicians; personal desire to become a politician; judgement on reporting by the media on political affairs; judgement on the job of the Federal Government and expected improvement in case of an SPD government; expected winner in the next Federal Parliament election; preference for a male or female federal chancellor; judgement on Bjoern Engholm as candidate for chancellor of the SPD; knowledge about the transfer of money by former SPD state chairman in Schleswig-Holstein, Guenther Jansen, to Rainer Pfeiffer as well as judgement on the credibility of Jansen not to have received any reciprocation; judgement on the resignation of Traffic Minister Krause as well as the resignation of Bjoern Engholm; assessment of the extent to which informed of the SPD in the Barschel affair; judgement on Seiters´ resignation; preferred candidate for chancellor for the SPD; attitude to the member survey of the SPD on the future party chairman; attitude to bugging of conversations in private areas to combat organized crime; preference for or against police units such as GSG-9; basic attitude to the idea of socialism; attitude to abortion and party representing the interests of respondent on the abortion question; judgement on the decision of the Federal Constitutional Court on new regulation of the abortion law; attitude to elimination of bearing the costs of an abortion by health insurance companies; preference for an East German or West German candidate for the office of Federal President; Federal President preference; importance of the office of Federal President; judgement on the discontinuation of the proceedings against Erich Honecker; attitude to increased road construction to reduce traffic jams; expected increase in the cost of driving a car; attitude to introduction of freeway tolls; preference for petroleum tax increase or freeway toll; attitude to privatization of freeways; attitude to nuclear power plants; attitude to reduction of time in school at high schools to 12 years; attitude to introduction of nursing care insurance; preference for division of the nursing care costs among government, workers and employers; preference for introduction of a day without compensation, elimination of a day of vacation or government holiday to finance nursing care insurance; attitude to a reduced wage increase in the west to equalize wages; desired wage increase above or below the inflation rate; assessment of wage increase in Eastern Germany measured on the economic situation; attitude to giving up wage increases to secure preservation of jobs; attitude to the recommendation of Lafontaine for reduced increase of wages in Eastern Germany; justified wage differences between East and West Germany; expected wage level for the future; attitude to a limited reduction in wages in case of a difficult economic situation of the company; attitude to a four-day week with reduction in wages; preference for full-time employment or part-time employment; attitude to reduced entry-level wages for unemployed; attitude to different payment of the politicians in East and West Germany; judgement on the 26% wage increase scheduled for 1993 in the East German metal industry; assessment of the ability of companies to handle such an increase; attitude to a strike due to cancellation of the metal wage agreement; feared loss of job through the 26% wage increase; attitude to a return to the 40-hour week with or without full wage compensation; attitude to longer working hours for civil servants without salary increase; preference for elimination of the church tax; attitude to increased financial support for Russia; attitude to the Federal Government taking sides with Boris Yeltsin; assumed result of the Russian plebiscite regarding Boris Yeltsin; expected disadvantages for the Germans from the political problems in the former Soviet Union; earlier living in the GDR and time of moving; military threat to Germany from the problems in the former Soviet Union; attitude to the move of the government to Berlin and preferred speed; satisfaction with housing; tenant status; judgement on the current rent; attitude to application for selection as Olympic site by Berlin and to change of store closing laws; retrospect on the last year and prospect for the future year.


The Politbarometers present a monthly trend survey of the months January to July and September to December commissioned by the Second German Television (ZDF). The Politbarometers for 1993 are archived under ZA Study Nos. 2367 to 2377 (West) and 2379 to 2389 (east) as well as in cumulation under ZA Study Nos. 2378 (West) and 2390 (East). Further Politbarometers are archived under the ZA Study Nos. 1053, 1275, 1276, 1536, 1762, 1779, 1899, 1901, 1920, 1987, 2101, 2102, 2114, 2160, 2171, 2182, 2194, 2201, 2209, 2221, 2275 as well as 2287.


Temporal Coverage

  • 1993-01 / 1993-12

Geographic Coverage

  • Berlin (DE-BE)
    with West Berlin
  • Baden-Württemberg (DE-BW)
  • Bavaria (DE-BY)
  • Bremen (DE-HB)
  • Hesse (DE-HE)
  • Hamburg (DE-HH)
  • Lower Saxony (DE-NI)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia (DE-NW)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate (DE-RP)
  • Saarland (DE-SL)
  • Schleswig-Holstein (DE-SH)


Alternative Identifiers

  • ZA2378 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • WAHLEN (Type: FDZ)

Update Metadata: 2021-08-30 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22