Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), data from 1984-2010

Resource Type
  • Wagner, Gert G.
  • Frick, Joachim R.
  • Schupp, Jürgen
  • Anger, Silke
  • Giesselmann, Marco
  • Goebel, Jan
  • Grabka, Markus M.
  • Holst, Elke
  • Krause, Peter
  • Kroh, Martin
  • Liebau, Elisabeth
  • Lohmann, Henning
  • Richter, David
  • Schmitt, Christian
  • Schnitzlein, Daniel
  • Spieß, C. Katharina
Publication Date
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung GmbH (Data Collector)
  • SOEP Schema:
    • Economy
    • Sociology
    • Political Science
    • Empirical educational research
    • Psychology
Free Keywords
Political Attitudes and Behavior; Work and Industry; Occupation; Profession; Income; Society; Culture; Family; Education; School Systems; Leisure
  • Abstract

    The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) is a wide-ranging representative longitudinal study of private households, located at the German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin. Every year, there were nearly 11,000 households, and more than 20,000 persons sampled by the fieldwork organization TNS Infratest Sozialforschung. The data provide information on all household members, consisting of Germans living in the Old and New German States, Foreigners, and recent Immigrants to Germany. The Panel was started in 1984. Some of the many topics include household composition, occupational biographies, employment, earnings, health and satisfaction indicators. As early as June 1990—even before the Economic, Social and Monetary Union—SOEP expanded to include the states of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), thus seizing the rare opportunity to observe the transformation of an entire society. An immigrant sample was added as well to account for the changes that took place in Germany society in 1994/95. Further new samples were added in 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006, and 2009. The survey is constantly being adapted and developed in response to current social developments.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1984 / 2010
Sampled Universe
Persons living in private households in Germany
All samples of SOEP are multi-stage random samples which are regionally clustered. The respondents (households) are selected by random-walk.
Collection Mode
  • The interview methodology of the SOEP is based on a set of pre-tested questionnaires for households and individuals. Principally an interviewer tries to obtain face-to-face interviews with all members of a given survey household aged 16 years and over. Additionally one person (head of household) is asked to answer a household related questionnaire covering information on housing, housing costs, and different sources of income. This covers also some questions on children in the household up to 16 years of age, mainly concerning attendance at institutions (kindergarten, elementary school, etc.)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Family: Household family
    Number of Units: 66813
    Number of Variables: 45536
    • File Name:
      File Format: SPSS
      Data Fingerprint: 0828f9592eff4fdd7dc2fdde97e4dfe3
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name:
      File Format: SPSS
      Data Fingerprint: b9f16f8a6fc305ec957d87bf1428557a
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name:
      File Format: STATA
      Data Fingerprint: 53419689c7ee2bebd7b36291dfea5b75
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name:
      File Format: STATA
      Data Fingerprint: 3134086e33d045e0cac0f453532392a3
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name:
      File Format: SAS
      Data Fingerprint: d90e3d27939bef79402d0e87a2772ae9
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name:
      File Format: STATA
      Data Fingerprint: 0d3911f75697dfd699af638ef611be8c
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name:
      File Format: CSV
      Data Fingerprint: 3c19e11a449bcfc9b8309f9f120b61ad
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name:
      File Format: SAS
      Data Fingerprint: fbc4f449a5f1e00c96e89cc5646e71b2
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
Number of datasets: 339
Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor's written authorization.
  • Wagner, Gert G.; Göbel, Jan; Krause, Peter; Pischner, Rainer; Sieber, Ingo: Das Sozio-oekonomische Panel (SOEP): Multidisziplinäres Haushaltspanel und Kohortenstudie für Deutschland - Eine Einführung (für neue Datennutzer) mit einem Ausblick (für erfahrene Anwender). In: AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv2008, Volume 4, p. 301-328. (Article)
  • Wagner, Gert G.; Frick, Joachim R.; Schupp, Jürgen: The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) – Scope, Evolution and Enhancements. In: Schmollers Jahrbuch (Journal of Applied Social Science Studies)2007, Volume 127, p. 139-169. (Article)
  • Schupp, Jürgen: 25 Jahre Sozio-oekonomisches Panel - Ein Infrastrukturprojekt der empirischen Sozial- und Wirtschaftsforschung in Deutschland. In: Zeitschrift für Soziologie2009, Volume 38, p. 350-357. (Article)

Update Metadata: 2017-12-28 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2011-10-17