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Communism, Conformity, and Civil Liberties (Leadership Sample)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Stouffer, Samuel A. (Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.)
Publication Date
  • National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago, Ill. (Data Collector)
  • American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), Princeton, N. (Data Collector)
  • National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago, Il American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), Princeton, N. (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Ideology
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Political ideology
    • Elites and leadership
  • Abstract

    Assessment of the danger of communism within and outside of the USA by local elites. Attitude to restriction of domestic civil rights and liberties, in order to deter this threat. Topics: Contentment with life; most important personal and political problems; most important topics of conversation with acquaintances and friends; assessment of the danger of communism in the world and the danger of a new war; preferred conduct regarding the Soviet Union; attitude to arms limitation; characterization of American communists; assessment of the danger from inner-American communists; attitude to limitation of domestic civil rights and liberties to combat communists; attitude to communists (scale); tolerance and conformity; assumptions about the FBI´s extent to which informed about communists in the country; attitude to employment of communists in the education system; judgement on the work of the Congressional Committee or Nixon Committee; upbringing style; media usage; party preference; religiousness. Demography: occupation; religious denomination; school education; regional origins; social origins; marital status; military service; party membership; age (classified); sex. Interviewer rating: race and position of respondent.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1954-05 / 1954-07
Geographic Coverage
  • United States (US)
Sampled Universe
´Local Community Leaders´ from 123 cities with 10000 to 150000 residents
Sampling Procedure Comment: Quota sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1500
    Number of Variables: 151
See also the representative survey archived under ZA Study No. 0034. Data provider: ICPSR, Study 7202.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA0033 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Stouffer, Samuel A.: Communism, Conformity, and Civil Liberties: A Cross-section of the Nation Speaks Its Mind. New York: Wiley 1966

Update Metadata: 2020-10-20 | Issue Number: 94 | Registration Date: 2010-07-21

Stouffer, Samuel A. (1966): Communism, Conformity, and Civil Liberties (Leadership Sample). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.