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International Study of Achievement in Mathematics (Belgium, England, Finland, France, Netherlands, Israel, Japan, Scotland, Sweden, United States, Germany, Australia)

Resource Type
  • Husen, Torsten (Council of the International Project for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement)
  • UNESCO-Institut, Hamburg
Publication Date
  • Various institutes in the 12 countries (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Education, School Systems
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Post-compulsory education
    • Compulsory and pre-school education
  • Abstract

    International comparative study on the influence of types of school on the attitudes of the schoolchildren to mathematics and their achievements in this subject. Topics: The data set contains three parts: 1. Schoolchildren data: mathematics tests: solving algebraic and trigonometric tasks; attitude to school and learning; attitude to mathematics; learning difficulties in mathematics; attitude to mathematics instruction and description of the mathematics instruction; significance of mathematics in society; attitude to surroundings; occupational goal; class size; tutor help; learning progress. 2. Teacher survey: manner of qualification for mathematics instruction; place of education; judgement on the significance of mathematics for the education of schoolchildren. 3. School principals: type and size of school; number of mathematics teachers; average class size; equipment of the school. Demography: age; sex; school education; social origins; city size.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1964-01 / 1964-06
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • England (GB-ENG)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Scotland (GB-SCT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United States (US)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Australia (AU)
Sampled Universe
Schoolchildren between the ages of 13 and 18 years as well as teachers and principals in 12 various countries. No further information is available about the sampling procedure and possible limitations of the sampled population.
Different sampling procedure in Germany: Mixed probability and non-probability
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire as well as written tests.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 10927
The data sets of the international comparative investigation have been summarized in a database and are not available in punch card format. The data of the interviewed or tested 94296 schoolchildren have been enhanced by the corresponding data of their 10433 teachers and their 4547 schools. For technical data-processing reasons the data set has been separated into several archive numbers and comprises ZA Study Nos. 0501-0512.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA0501 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • 1 (Type: VerbundFDB)
  • Husen, Torsten: International Study of Achievement in Mathematics: A Comparison of Twelve Countries. Volume I+II. New York, London, Sydney: John Wiley & Sons 1967.

Update Metadata: 2019-06-04 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Husen, Torsten; UNESCO-Institut, Hamburg (1964): International Study of Achievement in Mathematics (Belgium, England, Finland, France, Netherlands, Israel, Japan, Scotland, Sweden, United States, Germany, Australia). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.