Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Survey in Four European Countries (CILS4EU) - Reduced version. Reduced data file for download and off-site use

Resource Type
  • Kalter, Frank (Universität Mannheim)
  • Heath, Anthony F. (Universität Oxford)
  • Hewstone, Miles (Universität Oxford)
  • Jonsson, Jan O. (Universität Stockholm)
  • Kalmijn, Matthijs (Universität Amsterdam)
  • Kogan, Irena (Universität Mannheim)
  • Tubergen, Frank van (Universität Utrecht)
  • Kroneberg, Clemens (Universität zu Köln)
  • Andersson Rydell, Linus (Universität Stockholm)
  • Brolin Låftman, Sara (Universität Stockholm)
  • Dollmann, Jörg (Universität Mannheim)
  • Engzell, Per (Universität Stockholm)
  • Geven, Sara (Universität Utrecht)
  • Horr, Andreas (Universität Mannheim)
  • Huuva, Lou (Universität Stockholm)
  • Jacob, Konstanze (Universität Mannheim)
  • Jaspers, Eva (Universität Utrecht)
  • Kruse, Hanno (Universität Mannheim)
  • Parameshwaran, Meenakshi (Universität Manchester)
  • Rudolphi, Frida (Universität Stockholm)
  • Salikutluk, Zerrin (Universität Mannheim)
  • Smith, Sanne (Universität Utrecht)
  • Zantvliet, Pascale van (Universität Tilburg)
Publication Date
  • Germany: IEA Data Processing and Research Center, Hamburg (student, parent and teacher surveys) und University of Mannheim (parent survey (telephone/postal) (Data Collector)
  • Deutschland: IEA Data Processing and Research Center, Hamburg (Schüler- und Lehrerbefragungen) und Universität Mannheim (Elternbefragungen) (Data Collector)
  • England: National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London (Data Collector)
  • England: National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London (Data Collector)
  • The Netherlands: University of Utrecht, University of Tilburg (Data Collector)
  • Niederlande: Universität Utrecht, Universität Tilburg (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden), Stockholm (Data Collector)
  • Schweden: Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden), Stockholm (Data Collector)
  • Abstract

    This is the first wave of panel survey of adolescents designed to study the complex causal mechanism of structural, social, and cultural integration of populations with experience. The data include surveys of students, parents, and teachers. It enables studying processes of intergenerational transmission and integration. The survey covers topics of (1) cognitive-cultural integration (including language proficiency tests), (2) structural integration, (3) social integration, and (4) emotional-cultural integration. In addition there are detailed informations about migration experience and demographics. Cognitive-cultural Integration: Language (objective measures of proficiency in the host country’s language, self-assessed knowledge of L1, self-assessed knowledge of L2, language use, language spoken at home); measurement of cognitive skills; leisure time activities (memberships, leisure time activities); number of books at home. Structural Integration: School performance (self-assessment, grades, setting system, school type, repeating classes, private lessons); attitudes towards school (favourite subjects, educational aspirations, self-efficacy, anti-school norms, efforts in school, value of education, status maintenance motive, teacher support, satisfaction with school, success probabilities, perceived association between educational and occupational success, expected discrimination, financial restrictions, educational costs); economic situation (side job, pocket money, possessions, expected development of own economic situation); deviant behaviour and delinquency (school-related problem behaviour, delinquent behaviour). Social Integration: Sociometric information within classrooms; strong ties (ethnic background of friends); contact person in case of problems; person one is having trouble with; weak ties (in school, neighbourhood, clubs/associations); discrimination (victimisation in school, perceived discrimination); attitudes towards other ethnic groups; romantic relationships (characteristics of partner and relationship, expectations about the future of the relationship), family relations (parental support, parent-child contact, family cohesion, parental expectations, family conflict, embeddedness/influence of parents). Emotional-cultural Integration: Identity (with respect to host, respectively sending country, importance of ethnic identity); attitudes towards integration; religion (religious affiliation, importance of religion, religious practices); attitudes and norms (gender roles, violence legitimizing norms of masculinity, tolerance). Health and well-being: Personality and psychological well-being (life satisfaction, self-esteem, behavioural problems, self-control); health (general health status, health problems, sleeping behaviour, weight, height, health related behaviour, future expectations about health). Demography and migration history: Gender; age; living situation and household composition (household members, household situation, neighbourhood); social background (parents´ education, parents´ employment status, parents´ occupation), migration history (child´s, parents´, and grandparents´ country of birth, age of migration, home-country visits, return migration).
Temporal Coverage
  • 2010-11 / 2011-03
    Germany wave 1 (parent survey: 11.2010-05.2011)
  • 2010-11 / 2011-03
  • 2010-11 / 2011-07
    England wave 1
  • 2010-11 / 2011-07
  • 2010-10 / 2011-04
    The Netherlands wave 1
  • 2010-10 / 2011-04
  • 2010-12 / 2011-06
    Sweden wave 1 (parent survey: 04.2011-09.2011; 03.2012-10.2012 (together with the student survey of wave 2)
  • 2010-12 / 2011-06
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • England (GB-ENG)
  • England (GB-ENG)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Sweden (SE)
Sampled Universe
All students attending a grade level in which mainly 14-year olds are enrolled. England: grade level 10; Germany: grade level 9; the Netherlands: grade level 3 in secondary schools; Sweden: grade level 8.
Two-stage dispropor-tionate stratified cluster sample (First step: disproportionate random sample of schools; second step: random sample of classes within schools. All students within classes were included in the datacollection). More detailed information on the sampling procedure and sample design can be found in the Technical Report of the first wave.
Collection Mode
  • Student survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) Teacher survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) Parent Survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) & Telephone interview (follow up)
  • Student survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) Teacher survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) Parent Survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) & Telephone interview (follow up)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 298
  • Number of Variables: 298
The German Federal State of Bavaria did not take part in the survey. The study is part of the NORFACE-Programme on migration (
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5656 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2014-06-24 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2014-06-23