Trust in Politics - Attitudes towards Reforms in the Social Welfare State

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Gabriel, Oscar W. (Universität Stuttgart)
Publication Date
  • Infratest dimap, Berlin (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Social Policy
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Health policy
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Specific social services: use and provision
    • Social welfare systems/structures
  • Abstract

    Attitudes towards the welfare state and welfare state reforms. Political trust. Attitude to democracy. Topics: Assessment of the general and personal economic situation; political interest; party preference (Sunday question, second vote); voting behaviour in the last Bundestag election; political knowledge: importance of first and second vote; preferences for more or less government spending in selected areas; responsibility of the state in selected areas; options for financing social security; satisfaction with individual areas of social security; assessment of one´s own safeguarding through social systems; concept of reform (open naming); assessment of the direction of reform and personal advantages or disadvantages (health system, pension system, family policy); assessment of the importance of individual reform principles; assessment of the implementation of these principles in current reforms; knowledge of one´s own health insurance share; assessment of the level of benefits provided by statutory health insurance; assessment of reform options in health policy; preferences for financing the health care system; knowledge of the level of the federal subsidy to the statutory pension insurance institutions; assessment of the pension level; assessment of reform options in pension policy; preferences for the future financing of the statutory pension insurance; knowledge of parental benefits; assessment of the extent of benefits for families with children; assessment of reform options in family policy; orientations towards childcare, family and work; assessment of concrete reforms (practice fee, parental allowance, pension at 67); contact with social policy institutions; receipt of benefits from these institutions; assessment of these institutions as fair and equitable; trust or no trust (split: mistrust) in these institutions; rating of the performance of these institutions; political trust (Bundestag, Federal Government, Chancellor, relevant ministers, political parties, Federal Constitutional Court, politicians); trust in these persons and institutions in relation to the reform of the welfare state; rrating of the performance of the above-mentioned political institutions; trust in a reform effect of the pension at 67 (general assessment, statement of various actors); left-right self-rating; personal relevance of left and right (open naming); value orientations; solidarity with fellow human beings; personal belonging to a disadvantaged or preferred population group; justice of the social order; justice orientations; assessment of the justice of the pension system, of the health care system; disadvantaged groups in the pension system and in the health care system; assessment of principles of the social security system in Germany as just or unjust; assessment of the entitlement to benefits; satisfaction with democracy; assessment of democracy in general and democracy in Germany as the best form of government; party affiliation and identification; assessment of politics as complicated; more good than bad in the GDR; socialism as a good idea; presumed position of the parties on the responsibility of the state or each individual citizen in the reform of the welfare state; problem-solving competence of the parties (health care, pensions, family policy); trust in fellow human beings; optimism about one´s own future; assessment of one´s personal state of health; number of private meetings with friends, relatives or colleagues at work. Demography: sex; age (year of birth); interview in East or West Germany, place of residence of tehe respondent and his parents before 1990; size of household; marital status; cohabitation with a partner; number of children and age of children; school leaving certificate; own income and level of income; net household income; gainful employment; fear of unemployment; former gainful employment; unemployment or year of retirement from employment; length of unemployment; unemployment of household members; employment in the public sector; job title and position; denomination; frequency of church attendance; receipt of state benefits; trade union membership; self-assessment of social stratum; type of health insurance; additional private health insurance; member of statutory pension insurance; type of financial safeguarding in old age. Additionally coded was: state; duration of interview; weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2007-11-12 / 2007-12-19
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German citizens eligible to vote aged 16 and over in private households
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 353
The data set consists of two samples for the geographic coverage West (old federal states plus Berlin West) and East (new federal states plus Berlin East). Disproportional east-west distribution in a ratio of 2:1. The data set contains two factors for the weighting of persons: A factor proportional to the total population and a disproportionate factor for separate evaluations for the population in the old and new federal states. The data were collected as part of the research project ´The Influence of Political Confidence on Supporting the Reform of the Social State in Germany´, funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and conducted at the Institute for Social Sciences at the University of Stuttgart (GA 424/6-1).
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5098 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Gabriel, Oscar W. 2009: Verwaltungsvertrauen in Deutschland. In: Kropp, Sabine/König, Klaus (Hrsg.): Theoreti-sche Aspekte einer zivilgesellschaftlichen Verwaltungskultur. Speyerer Forschungsberichte 263. Speyer: Deutsches Forschungsinstitut für öffentliche Verwaltung, 121-160.
  • Gabriel, Oscar W. 2011: Der Einfluss persönlicher Erfahrungen auf das Vertrauen zu politischen Institutionen. Eine Analyse am Beispiel des Verhältnisses der Deutschen zu den Institutionen des Sozialstaates. In: Detjen, Joachim/Richter, Dagmar/Weißeno, Georg (Hrsg.): Politik in Wissenschaft, Didaktik und Unterricht. Festschrift für Peter Massing. Schwalbach: Wochenschau Verlag, 53-64.
  • Gabriel, Oscar W. 2014: Verwaltungsvertrauen und Demokratie. In: König, Klaus u.a. (Hrsg.): Grundmuster der Verwaltungskultur. Interdisziplinäre Diskurse über kulturelle Grundformen der öffentlichen Verwaltung. Ba-den-Baden: Nomos, 359-390.
  • Gabriel, Oscar W./Bauknecht, Jürgen/Dageförde, Mirjam 2013: Die Einstellungen der Bundesbürger zur Reform des Sozialstaates als Bestimmungsfaktoren der Parteipräferenz. In: Weßels, Bernhard/ Schoen, Harald /Gabriel, Oscar W. (Hrsg.): Wahlen und Wähler. Analysen aus Anlass der Bundestagswahl 2009. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 174‐205.
  • Gabriel, Oscar W./Trüdinger, Eva-Maria 2011: Embellishing Welfare State Reforms? Political Trust and the Sup-port for Welfare State Reforms in Germany. In: German Politics 20, 273-292.
  • Trüdinger, Eva-Maria 2011: Reformszenarien im deutschen Wohlfahrtsstaat aus Sicht der Bevölkerung. Wert-vorstellungen als Reformkorridor? Baden-Baden: Nomos.
  • Trüdinger, Eva-Maria/Bollow, Uwe 2011: Andere Zeiten, andere Inhalte: Bedeutungsgehalt und Bedeutungs-wandel der politischen Richtungsbegriffe Links und Rechts im innerdeutschen Vergleich. In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 42, 398-418.
  • Trüdinger, Eva-Maria/Bollow, Uwe 2011: Evaluations of Welfare State Reforms in Germany: Political Trust Makes a (Big) Difference. In: Zmerli, Sonja/Hooghe, Marc (Hrsg): Political trust - Why context matters. Colchester: ECPR Press, 187-212.
  • Trüdinger, Eva-Maria/Faden-Kuhne, Kristina 2013: Zwischen uns und den anderen: Eigen- und Fremdbetrach-tung im politischen Raum. In: Keil, Silke I./Thaidigsmann, Isabell (Hrsg.): Zivile Bürgergesellschaft und Demo-kratie. Aktuelle Ergebnisse der empirischen Politikforschung. Wiesbaden: VS Springer, 363-385.
  • Trüdinger, Eva-Maria/Gabriel, Oscar W. (Hrsg.) 2013: Reformen des Sozialstaates in Deutschland. Reformbereit-schaft und Reformakzeptanz der Bürger. Baden-Baden: Nomos. Mit Beiträgen von Volquart Stoy, Kristina Faden-Kuhne, Eva-Maria Trüdinger, Oscar W. Gabriel, Mirjam Dageförde, Uwe Remer-Bollow und Jürgen Bauknecht.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 22 | Registration Date: 2014-07-14