Eurobarometer 76.1 (2011)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Europäische Kommission und Europäisches Parlament, Brüssel
Other Title
  • Financial and Economic Crisis, Financial Services, Corruption, Development Aid, and Gender Equality (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´) (Researcher)
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Ipsos MRBI, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hungary, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Österreichisches GALLUP, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • TNS Opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination). (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Legal system, Legislation, Law
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Budget and Fiscal Policy
    • Patterns of Consumption
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Crime
    • International politics and organisation
    • Gender and gender roles
    • Consumption/consumer behaviour
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic policy
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Economic and financial crisis, 2. European Parliament energy policy, 3. Financial services, 4. Corruption, 5. Attitudes towards development aid, 6. Gender equality: women in decision-making positions. Topics: 1. Economic and financial crisis: impact of the crisis on the world economy, the European economy, the national economy and on respondent`s personal situation; job loss in social environment (personal, relative, colleague, acquaintance) as a direct consequence of the crisis; the euro has mitigated the negative effects of the crisis; expected period for returning to national growth; preferred crisis management of the own country and of the various EU Member States: individually or coordinated with the other EU countries; attitude towards financial help to another EU Member State facing difficulties and reasons for this attitude; attitude towards consultations between European institutions and automatic application of escalating financial penalties if state does not comply with rules; a share of the public debt of the EU Member States, should be held jointly; knowledge of Eurobonds; approval to the creation of Eurobonds; knowledge of credit rating agencies; attitude towards credit rating agencies (scale). 2. European Parliament energy policy: most important issue in an increased energy cooperation between the EU member states. 3. Financial services: kind of purchased financial products and services (current bank account, mortgage, credit card, personal loan, shares of bonds, investment fund, life insurance and other insurance products); reason for not having a bank account; purchase of financial products and services in another EU Member State; financial products purchased within the last five years; type of acquisition of these products (directly from the provider or through an intermediary or advisor); information by the seller about the payment of a commission, bonus or additional remuneration; written information about the characteristics of the product; comparison of several different products before the final decision; received recommendations for a specific suitable product; willingness to purchase financial products from another EU Member State; main concerns about purchasing financial products and services from another EU Member State; change of provider concerning current account, mortgage, credit card or personal loan; problems with a financial product or service; complaint about these problems, contact for such complaints; way of purchasing goods or services from outside; method of payment. 4. Corruption: attitude towards corruption (scale); change of the level of national corruption in the last years; personally informed about the change of national corruption; widespread of corruption in country; own experiences with bribery (expectation of another person to pay a bribe for his or her services); reasons for national corruption; effort to fight against corruption in one´s country; responsibility for preventing and fighting against corruption; institution the respondent trusts most to complain about a corruption case. 5. Attitudes towards development aid: importance of development aid; parts of the world which are most in need of development aid; attitude towards increasing the level of EU-development aid; EU-policy area with the biggest impact on developing countries; EU should require developing countries to follow certain rules as a condition for receiving EU development aid; preferred cooperation partner to increase the impact of EU development aid; best way to improve EU effectiveness in terms of development aid; source of information on issues related to development policy; attitude towards the linking of EU development aid to other European objectives; willingness to pay higher prices for products from developing countries. 6. Gender equality / women in decision-making positions: attitudes towards women in decision-making positions (scale); preferred method for maintaining a balanced gender ratio in enterprises; attitude towards legal measures to ensure a gender balance; preferred quota system; expected time for implementation of balanced gender equality in supervisory boards; preferred sanction for non-compliance; preferred decision-makers about gender relations in enterprises at the national or European level. Demography: nationality, age, self-assessment on a left-right continuum, marital status and family situation; age at completion of education, sex, profession, professional position, degree of urbanization, number of persons aged 15 in the household; number of children under 10 years old and from 10 to 14 years in the household; fixed telephone or mobile phone in the household; possession of durable goods (home entertainment media, internet, car ownership, residential property); financial difficulties last year, self-assessment of social class; internet usage (at home, at workplace, at school). Also encoded was: date of the interview, time of beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; cooperation of the respondent; city size; region; weighting factor; language of interview (not in all countries).
Temporal Coverage
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-12
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-14
    Czech Republic
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-16
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-16
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-17
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-17
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-17
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-12
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-17
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
  • 2011-09-03 / 2011-09-18
    United Kingdom
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
Sampled Universe
In all, Eurobarometer 76.1 interviewed 26.856 citizens in the 27 countries of the European Union after the 2004/2007 enlargement. All respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-nationals but EU-citizens, and aged 15 and over. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. Separate samples were drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany.
Sampling Procedure Comment: A multi-stage, random (probability) sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regionals units in every country (Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT NUTS 2 or equivalent). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of starting addresses was selected from each sampled PSU, at random. Further addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures as every Nth address from th initial address. In each household, a respondent was drawn, at random, following the closest birthday rule. No more than one interview was conducted in each household.
Collection Mode
  • In all countries, fieldwork was conducted on the basis of detailed and uniform instructions prepared by TNS Opinion Social. Interviews were conducted face-to-face in people´s home in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available. Equivalent French and English basic questionnaires were developed for this Eurobarometer. These questionnaires were translated into other languages by the firms responsible for interviewing in each country. Backtranslation procedures were applied for controlling semantic equivalence.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 26856
    Number of Variables: 636
The regular sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1000 respondents per country, except the United Kingdom with separate samples for Great Britain (1000) and Northern Ireland (300), Germany with separate samples for the Eastern (500) and the Western part (1000), and Luxembourg and Cyprus (Republic) with 500 interviews each. Effective number of realised interviews in this round: Belgium 1028, Denmark 1002, Germany-West 1000, Germany-East 582, Greece 1000, Spain 1004, Finland 1003, France 1046, Ireland 1015, Italy 1043, Luxembourg 502, Netherlands 1002, Austria 1018, Portugal 1035, Sweden 1020, Great Britain 1021, Northern Ireland 307, Cyprus (Republic) 506, Czech Republik 1069, Estonia 1000, Hungary 1015, Latvia 1014, Lituania 1031, Malta 500, Poland 1000, Slovakia 1013, Slovenia 1024, Bulgaria 1006 and Romania 1050. Question module QC on ´corruption´ partly replicates the corresponding modules in Eurobarometer surveys 72.2 (ZA4976), 68.2 (ZA4742) and 64.3 (ZA4415). d8 (AGE EDUCATION): Please note that the coding instruction in the Portuguese field questionnaire does not show any deviant specification, therefore no data correction is carried out for Portuguese data. The documentation will be adjusted accordingly with the next update.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5565 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR34552.v2 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11695
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11376
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11375
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer / Wave 76.1: Crisis. Survey commissioned by the European Parliament and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (Public Opinion Monitoring Unit). Brussels: January 2012
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 376 / Wave 76.1: Women in decision-making positions. Survey requested by the Directorate-General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels: March 2012
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 375 / Wave 76.1: Making a difference in the world: Europeans and the future of development aid. Survey requested by the Directorate-General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels: November 2011
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 374 / Wave 76.1: Corruption. Survey requested by the Directorate-General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels: February 2012
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 373 / Wave 76.1: Retail Financial Services. Survey requested by the Directorate-General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels: April 2012

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 25 | Registration Date: 2014-07-17