My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: German English

Eurobarometer 76.3 (2011)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 76 (Alternative Title)
  • The European Parliament, Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, and Media Use for Political Information (Subtitle)
  • Parlemeter 2011 (Original Title)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´) (Researcher)
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Ipsos MRBI, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hungary, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Österreichisches GALLUP, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • Kadem, Nikosia (for Turkish Cypriot Community) (Data Collector)
  • Puls, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Brima,Skopje, Macedonia (Data Collector)
  • Capacent, Reykjavik, Iceland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (for Montenegro) (Data Collector)
  • TNS Opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination). (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Information and communication
    • Mass media
    • International politics and organisation
    • Economic policy
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules (standard & special modules) are included: 1. Parlemeter, 2. Standard EU and trend questions, 3. Perceptions of the Europe 2020 strategy, 4. Financial and economic crisis, 5. Media use habits. Topics: 1. Parlemeter: reception of information about the European Parliament in the media; self-rated of knowledge about the European Parliament; sources of information used; perception of the European Parliament as a dynamic, democratic, close to the citizens, unknown, inefficient; overall image of the EU Parliament; knowledge test: seating plan of the MEPs in the European Parliament according to their nationality or according to their political affiliation; decisions of the European Parliament, depending on the interests of the Member States or depending onthe political affinities; knowledge test: direct election of the European parliament by the citizens of each Member State, each country has same number of Members of the European Parliament, the EU’s budget is voted jointly by the European Parliament and the Member States; European laws have to be voted jointly by the European Parliament and the Member States; the role of the European Parliament in the running of the EU; desire for more or less influence of the European Parliament; issues that should be given priority (common EU foreign policy, effective security and defence policy to fight international crises, combating climate change, common energy policy to ensure the EU´s energy independence, improving consumer protection and public health, agricultural policy that is environment friendly and contributes to the global food balance, fighting terrorism, coordinating economic, budget and tax policies, a research and development (R&D) policy that supports competitiveness and innovation, development of a European social model, fighting poverty and social exclusion, immigration policy in consultation with countries of origin); contentious issues that should defend the European Parliament with priority (equality between men and women, minority protection, dialogue between cultures and religions, solidarity between EU Member States, solidarity between the EU and poor countries in the world, protection of human rights, freedom of speech, universal abolition of the death penalty); desire for further information on selected European issues. 2. Attitudes towards the EU (standard EU and trend questions): life satisfaction; frequency of discussions on national, European and local politics with friends; self-rated opinion leadershipperception of national, European and global economy, personal job situation, the financial situation of the household, the national employment situation, and economic expectations in these areas; most important personal problems and issues of the country (split: different response specifications energy versus energy costs and additional climate change); most important problem of EU; the country´s development, the European Union and the world in the right direction; trust in institutions (press, radio, television, internet, political parties, national government, national parliament, European Union, United Nations, regional or local public authorities); positive or negative image of the EU; significant characteristics (Image) of the EU; knowledge of selected European institutions and trust in these institutions (European Parliament, European Commission, Council of the European Union, and European Central Bank); knowledge test about the EU (number of Member States, direct election of the European parliament by the citizens of each Member State, membership of Switzerland); attitude to selected statements about the EU (European economic union with one single currency, a common foreign policy, EU enlargement, a common defence and security policy ); attitude towards an increase of the EU budget given the politicy goals; satisfaction with democracy in the country and in the EU; understanding how the EU works; national interests sufficiently respected in the EU; feeling of political efficacy; the EU´s voice counts in the world; globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth; national government or the EU as a preferred level for decision-making for selected areas; optimism about the future of the EU. 3. Perceptions of the Europe 2020 strategy: importance of selected initiatives to overcome the economic and financial crisis in the EU (scale: research funding and product development, improved quality of higher education in the EU, development of the Internet and IT industry by developing high speed Internet, supporting sustainable economic growth, strengthening competitiveness through enterprise development, modernisation of the labor market, support of the poor and socially excluded); rating the probability of achieving selected objectives of the EU by 2020 (jobs for three-quarters of men and women between 20 and 64 years, three percent of EU wealth annually for research and development, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% compared to 1990, increasing the share of renewable energy and energy efficiency by 20%, reducing by 10% the number of students leaving school without certificate, expansion of people with tertiary education to 40%, reducing the number of Europeans living in poverty by a quarter); EU desired priority setting on the topics of innovation, young people, Internet, energy, industry, jobs and skills, as well as poverty; development of the EU in the right direction. 4. Financial and economic crisis: impact of the economic crisis on the labor market have reached a peak vs. the worst is still to come; description of the personal budget situation; best actors to deal with the financial and economic crisis (national government, European Union, United States, G20, International Monetary Fund); need for reform to maintain performance of the country; claim for closer cooperation among the EU Member States in fighting the crisis; measures to reduce the public deficit and debt in the country cannot be deferred (Split A) versus: currently have no precedence (Split B); assessment of the effectiveness of selected measures to combat the crisis (the EU´s role in the regulation of financial services, economic policy coordination among all EU Member States and the economic and financial policies among countries in the euro zone); attitude to selected proposals to reform the global financial markets (scale: tougher rules against tax avoidance and tax havens, introducing a tax on profits made by banks and a financial transaction tax, regulation of wages in the financial sector (bonuses), monitoring of hedge funds, greater transparency, introduction of Eurobonds, tighter rules for rating agencies). 5. Media use habits: assessment of personal knowledge as well as the country´s citizens’ knowledge on European politics; frequency of media use (television, television via Internet, radio, newspapers and magazines, Internet, online social networks); preferred sources of information on national and European politics; Internet users were asked: websites visited (networks, blogs, portals) to get news; trust in (official versus other) web pages; again all: preferred source of information about the European Union; assessment of the scope and the tendency in the EU coverage in the national media; request for information on the EU on social networks, blogs or video-sharing sites; attitude to social networking sites for politics (scale: modern way to be up to date, information cannot be trusted, can get interested in political affairs, good opportunity to participate). Demography: nationality; family situation; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household size; household composition; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline); ownership of durable goods; financial difficulties last year; self-rated on social position (scale); internet use (at home, at work, at school, university or internet cafe). Also encoded was: date of interview; interview start; interview; presence of third parties during the interview; cooperation of respondent; city size; region; language of the interview (only in Luxembourg, Belgium, Spain, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Malta, Macedonia and Turkey); weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
    All countries
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-18
  • 2011-11-07 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-18
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 2011-11-06 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
    Great Britain
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-19
    Northern Ireland
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
    Cyprus (Republic)
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
    Czech Republic
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-14
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-16
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-19
    Turkish Cypriot Community
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-13
    Macedonia (FYROM)
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
  • 2011-11-05 / 2011-11-20
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Iceland (IS)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in the five candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland and Montenegro) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 31659
    Number of Variables: 831
Question modules QP (Parlemeter) and QB (´Europe 2020´) were surveyed in EU27 only, modules QA (Standard EB), QC (´financial and economic crisis´) and QD (´media use habits´) in EU27 plus Candidate Countries. d8 (AGE EDUCATION): Please note that the coding instruction in the Portuguese field questionnaire does not show any deviant specification, therefore no data correction is carried out for Portuguese data. The documentation will be adjusted accordingly with the next update. Please note the following deviation in the variable report (2014|14; Documentation release 2014/08/01): The derivation text of variable qd3t “MEDIA USE INDEX” is incorrect. The categorization should read as follows: "Very high" = 12-18 points, "High" = 8-11 points, "Poor"= 4-7 points, "Very poor/None" = 0-3 points.
0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5567 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR34568.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11848
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11448
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Standard Eurobarometer 76. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested by the European Commission, requested and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels.
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer / Wave 76.3: Parlemeter 2011. Survey commissioned by the European Parliament and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (Public Opinion Monitoring Unit). January 2012.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 22 | Registration Date: 2014-07-24

European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels (2014): Eurobarometer 76.3 (2011). The European Parliament, Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, and Media Use for Political Information. Version: 2.0.1. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.