ALLBUS/GGSS 1980 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1980)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften
Publication Date
  • Lepsius, M. Rainer (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Scheuch, Erwin K. (Universität Köln) (Researcher)
  • Ziegler, Rolf (Universität München) (Researcher)
  • ZUMA, Mannheim (Researcher)
  • GETAS, Bremen (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Migration
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Family life and marriage
  • Abstract

    1.) Importance of life aspects and job characteristics: family and children, work and occupation, free time and recreation, friends and acquaintances, kinship, religion and church, politics and public life; preferred job characteristics (security, income, responsibility, etc.). 2.) Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership: family as prerequisite for happiness; marriage in case of steady partnership; ideal number of children; importance of educational goals. 3.) Attitudes towards and contacts with the administration: detailed determination of contacts with the administration; personal experiences with the administration and assessment of treatment by the administration; attitudes towards privatization of public services, bureaucratization, and the welfare state. 4.) Perception of social conflicts: perceived strength of conflicts or contradictions (split) between social groups. 5.) Attitudes towards and contacts with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter): scale of attitudes towards foreigners; contacts with foreign guest-workers within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends. 6.) Political attitudes: political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); attitude towards the death penalty for terrorists; opinion on nuclear power; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); party-sympathy-scales for the CDU, SPD, CSU, FDP, NPD, DKP, and the Greens (Die Grünen); self-placement on a left-right continuum. 7.) Other topics: friends and acquaintances (ego-centered networks), including information on kinship, occupational position, party preference of and mutual familiarity between friends or acquaintances; attitudes towards abortion; self-assessment of social class; fair share in standard of living; parts of a scale on the influence of social desirability on respondents (SDS), fear of unemployment or loss of own business. 8.) ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: gender; year of birth, age; place of residence (federal state, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality, administrative region); religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); general education, vocational training, currently at school or university; employment status; details about current occupation: length of employment, affiliation to public service, industrial sector, size of company; length of unemployment; details about former occupation; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; desire for employment; principal source of livelihood; respondent´s income; marital status; marital biography. Details about respondent´s current spouse: general education, vocational training; employment status; fear of unemployment or loss of business; length of unemployment; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; details about current and former occupation respectively; religious denomination. Details about respondent´s former spouse: general education, vocational training; details about current and former occupation respectively; religious denomination. Details about respondent´s parents: general education and occupation of father. Composition of household: size of household, number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced household size); household income; number of children; type of dwelling. Details about household members: relation to respondent; gender; year of birth, age; marital status; income; German citizenship. Details about children not living in the household: age. Year of birth and year of death of deceased children. Respondent´s current memberships (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB, blue-collar union), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft (DAG, white-collar union), Deutscher Beamtenbund (DBB, public service union), farmer´s association, trade association, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie (BDI, association of German industry), other occupational association; choral society, sports club, leisure activity club, local history or community club, other social association, association of German expellees or refugees, charitable association, religious/church organization, youth or student organization, political party, citizens´ action group, other club or association). 9.) Data on the interview (paradata): presence of additional persons and designation of these persons; interferences of these persons in the interview; willingness to cooperate and reliability of the respondent; length of interview, date of interview. 10.) Added value: International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968); occupational prestige (according to Treiman).
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980-01 / 1980-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    Federal Republic of Germany (including West Berlin)
Sampled Universe
Private households addressing all individuals with German citizenship who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview.
Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Household Sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample)
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: PAPI
  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2995
    Number of Variables: 371
Generally, it is recommended to use the cumulated data file 1980-86 (ZA No. 1335) for analyses of ALLBUS 1980. This cumulated data file contains virtually all of the data from 1980. In addition, the data has been updated in numerous details for the cumulation and has been augmented by new, derived variables. In addition to the regular file described here there is a supplementary file for methodological research. Apart from contact protocols for the interviews in the regular file, it contains information on interviewer characteristics and different interviewer attitudes towards topics measured in the survey. For instance, the party preference of the interviewer and the extent of the interviewer´s activity for the contracting institute, GETAS, as well as for all other institutes, were determined. This file contains about 120 variables and should be used in connection with the main file. A second version of this data set with a shortened demography module is available as ALLBUScompact 1980 (ZA No. 3704).
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1000 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • ALLBUS (Type: FDZ)
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph.: Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften (ALLBUS). Rückblick und Ausblick in die neunziger Jahre. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten 29, 1991, S. 7-28.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: Das Programm und Erweiterungen des bestehenden Angebots. In: ZA-Information 42, 1998, S. 33-43.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: A German General Social Survey. Schmollers Jahrbuch 120, 2000, S. 151-158.
  • Terwey, Michael: Zum aktuellen Wandel im Zugriff auf ALLBUS-Materialien und zur ALLBUS-Nutzung in Publikationen. In: ZA-Information 53, 2003, S. 195-202.
  • Veröffentlichungsreihe "Blickpunkt Gesellschaft": Müller, Walter; Mohler, Peter Ph.; Erbslöh, Barbara; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1990.
  • Mohler, Peter Ph.; Bandilla, Wolfgang (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 2. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger in Ost und West. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1992.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 3. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1994.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 4. Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1998.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 5. Deutsche und Ausländer: Freunde, Fremde oder Feinde? Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag 2000.
  • Koch, Achim; Wasmer, Martina; Schmidt, Peter (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 6. Politische Partizipation in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Empirische Befunde und theoretische Erklärungen. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2001.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Germans or Foreigners? Attitudes Towards Ethnic Minorities in Post-Reunification Germany. New York und Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan 2003.
  • Mayer, Karl Urlich; Schmidt, Peter (Hrsg.): Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften. Frankfurt a.M. und New York: Campus 1984.
  • Porst, Rolf: Praxis der Umfrageforschung. Erhebung und Auswertung sozialwissenschaftlicher Umfragedaten. Stuttgart: B.B. Teubner 1985.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-24 | Issue Number: 94 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22