Leadership in the Federal Republic of Germany (Mannheim Elite Study 1981)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kaase, Max (Lehrstuhl für politische Wissenschaft und international vergleichende Sozialforschung, Universität Mannheim)
  • Wildenmann, Rudolf (Lehrstuhl für politische Wissenschaft, Universität Mannheim)
Publication Date
  • GETAS, Bremen (Data Collector)
  • Projektgruppe Elite am Lehrstuhl fuer politische Wissenschaft, Universitaet Mannheim (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Issues
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elites and leadership
  • Abstract

    The attitude of elites to current political questions as well as to fundamental problems of democracy and the ability to function and development of the West German political system. Personal possibilities to exert political influence. Topics: most important problems of the FRG; judgement on the importance of political goals; attitude to selected topics of domestic and foreign policy, such as e.g. comprehensive school, ecology and competitive ability, foreign aid, EC sovereignty, government controls of the primary industry and banks, dismantling of social services, extremist decree, co-determination and radio station under civil law; judgement on the policies to reduce tension and Soviet foreign policy; assessment of the possibility and achievability of reductions in government expenditures; attitude to nuclear energy and perceived alternative energy sources to cover energy need; assessment of the significance of a transfer of power from the legislature to the executive; perceived reduction of governability of western democracies, desirability of more direct citizen involvement in management decisions at municipal level; media and broadcasts with presumably the greatest influence on political opinion making of the public (scale); assessment of the greatest influence factor on political opinion making of an individual; political problem with which the respondent was most involved the past year; detailed determination of the most important conversation partners and their organization affiliation; type and extent of influence of special interest groups on personal conduct; attempts at personal influence on public opinion making by use of media; naming of the major personal political area of activity; type of one´s own contacts with institutions of the EC, supranational institutions and federal German associations and organizations or political institutions; exact recording of the type of contacts; detailed information on course of professional career; memberships and positions held in associations; membership in a political advisory committee or a scientific council of the Federal Government or of a Federal Ministry; party membership and party preference; sympathy scale for the CDU, CSU, SPD, FDP and the Greens; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; preferred government coalition; assessment of the significance of religious upbringing in parental home; religiousness. Scales: understanding of democracy and dogmatism; postmaterialism (short scale). Interviewer rating: date of interview; length of interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; number and length of interruptions; judgement on interview atmosphere. Also encoded were: sex of interviewer and age of interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1981-04 / 1981-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
No specific information
Sampling Procedure Comment: Sample according to the positional approach of leading holders of positions in the sectors of politics, administration, economy, associations, trade unions, mass-media, science, finance, military, culture, the judiciary and churches.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1744
    Number of Variables: 391
Further elite studies are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0796 and 1138. Parts of this survey were also posed to a representative cross-section of the population. The data set is archived under ZA Study No. 1231.
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1139 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula; Jung, Matthias; Kutteroff, Albrecht; Scholz, Evi; Wolf, Gunter: Nationale Führungspositionen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Beschreibung der Positionenauswahl für die Studie "Führungsschicht in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1981". Mannheim: Universität 1981.
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula: Wer gehört zur Machtelite der Bundesrepublik? Ergebnisse einer Elitestudie von 1981. In: Landeszentrale für politische Bildung Baden-Württemberg (Hrsg.): Eliten in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Stuttgart u.a.: Verlag Kohlhammer 1990, S. 164-178. (Kohlhammer Taschenbücher, Band 1091)
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula; Kutteroff, Albrecht; Wolf, Gunter: Projektbericht: Die Befragung von Eliten in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten, 1982, Nr. 10, S. 35-53.
  • Wildenmann, Rudolf: Unsere Oberen Dreitausend. Woher kommen sie? Was prägt sie? Was wollen sie? Eine Eliten-Studie. In: DIE ZEIT 10/1982 (5.3.82)
  • Wildenmann, Rudolf: Die Elite wünscht den Wechsel. Unsere Oberen Dreitausend (II): Mehr "rechts" als "links". In: DIE ZEIT 11/1982 (12.3.82)
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula: Structural Prerequiaites of Elite Integration in the Federal Republic of Germany. Mannheim: Universität 1983.
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula: Eliten zwischen Alter und Neuer Politik: Konstanz und Wandel der Konfliktlinien in den Eliten der Bundesrepublik. In: Klingemann, Hans-Dieter; Kaase, Max (Hrsg.): Wahlen und politischer Prozeß: Analysen aus Anlaß der Bundestagswahl 1983. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1986, S. 108-150.
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula: Surveying national elites in the Federal Republik of Germany. In: Moyser, George; Wagstaffe; Margaret (Hrsg.): Research Methods Elite Studies. London: Allen & Unwin 1987, S. 27-47.
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula: Eliten als Hüter der Demokratie? In: Berg-Schlosser, Dirk; Schissler, Jakob (Hrsg.): Politische Kul in Deutschland. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1987, S. 378-391.
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula: Positional Power and political influence in the Federal Republic of Germany. In: European Journal of Political Research, 17, 1989, S. 51-76.
  • Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula: Eliten in der Bundesrepublik: Kartell der Angst, Machtelite oder verantwortliche Repräsentanten. In: Best, Heinrich (Hrsg.): Politik und Milieu. Wahl- und Elitenforschung im historischen und interkulturellen Vergleich. St. Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae Verlag 1989, S. 238-261. (Historisch-Sozialwissenschaftliche Forschungen: Quantitative sozialwissenschaftliche Analysen von historischen und prozeß-produzierten Daten, Band 22)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 245 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22