Social Reactions to Deviant Behavior under Special Consideration of the Non-Institutional Area (Population Survey)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Institut für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie der Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken
Publication Date
  • INFRATEST, Munich (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Crime
    • Legal systems
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • Abstract

    Victimization and judgement on the state under the rule of law as well as the criminal prosecution authorities. Topics: interest in media reports on crime and criminal acts; attitude to increased reporting on crime in the media; assumed probability of oneself becoming victim of a criminal act; expected development of the crime rate in the FRG; most important tasks of the government; attitude to reforms; preferred role of the government as providing order for private economic interests or as welfare state with the goal of providing balanced social equity; perceived class conflicts in society; ideal qualifications and sense of responsibility of politicians; understanding of democracy; attitude to the fixed mandate; possibilities of representation of interests in company, municipality, party, school and trade union; most important characteristics for success; attitude to the economic system (scale); naming of gaps in knowledge in the legal sector; attitude to punishment (scale); attitude to personal preventive measures to protect from crime or to leaving combating crime to the police; attitude to obeying the law; attitude to resocializing prisoners (scale); preferred sequence of prosecuting crimes in view of the work overload of the police and courts; characteristic groups of persons for conducting selected crimes (prejudice about the demographic characteristics of criminals); hypothetical change in conduct regarding an acquaintance who has committed a criminal offence; conduct when personally affected by a crime (split: organized according to social origins of the culprit); reporting conduct; assumed reasons for increased committing of criminal offences by members of the underclass; assessment of the degree of relapse of offenders, organized according to different crimes; attitude to observance of laws (scale); personal measurement of punishment and judgement on the deserving of punishment of selected crimes (split: example cases); attitude to the formalities in a criminal case (scale); professional or private contacts with civil service as well as judiciary; attitude to administration of justice in general as well as the judiciary and civil judiciary in particular (scale third-party image); assumed differences in the administration of justice depending on social origins of defendant; assessment of equal opportunities in a personal process against an insurance company, a political functionary, one´s employer, a car driver and a policeman; point in time after which someone is to be seen as guilty; assumed reasons for a reduced persecution of white collar crime by the courts; work satisfaction (scale); local residency; type of city; memberships; use of motor vehicles. Demography: age; sex; marital status; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; school education; occupational training; occupation; employment; number of recipients of income; household income; household size; household composition; respondent is head of household; party membership; party inclination; local residency; degree of urbanization; union membership. Interviewer rating: length of interview; weekday of interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1976-06 / 1976-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
Members of the household.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1806
    Number of Variables: 799
A split questionnaire was used. Different questions were posed to parts of the respondents in order to be able to find out the influence of question formulation or social origins of the persons affected. See also the survey of judges archived under ZA Study No. 1239.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1238 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Keßler, Erich M.: Annotierte Bibliographie zu Knowledge and Opinion about Law (KOL)-Untersuchungen. In: Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, 2, 1981, S. 278 -293.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Eine Erwiderung auf Blankenburg. In: Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, 4, 1982, S. 297 - 304.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Alltagstheorien der Kriminalität in der deutschen Bevölkerung in Bezug auf das Problem der Marginalisierung. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 9, 1977.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Funktion der Berichterstattung über die Kriminalität in den Massenmedien. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 10, 1978, S. 187 - 201.
  • Spiegelberg, Rüdiger: Überlegungen zur Reaktion der Öffentlichkeit auf strafrechtliche Sanktionen. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 11, 1979, S. 22 - 34.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22