Social Reactions to Deviant Behavior under Special Consideration of the Non-Institutional Area (Criminal Judge Survey)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Institut für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie der Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken
Publication Date
  • INFRATEST, Munich (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Crime
    • Legal systems
    • Law enforcement
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • Abstract

    Judgement on criminal law and criminal prosecution in the FRG by judges. Topics: attitude to reading media reports on the criminal case now being worked on; assessment of the probability of oneself becoming the victim of a criminal act; situations in which this could happen; expected development of the crime rate; rank order of the most important political tasks in the FRG; attitude to reforms; preferred role of the government as providing order for private economic interests or as welfare state with balanced social equity; perceived class conflicts in society; characterization of the life style of different social classes; ideal qualifications and sense of responsibility of politicians; understanding of democracy; attitude to the fixed mandate; judgement on the law-abidingness of politicians; assessment of the possibilities for representation of interests in company, municipality, party, school, university and trade union; most important characteristics for success; attitude to the economic system (scale); attitude to the necessity for knowledge of criminal law in the population; assumed (psychological and economic) primary causes for selected criminal offenses; attitude to prison sentence (scale); attitude to personal preventive measures to protect against crime or to leaving the fight against crime to the police; attitude to obeying the law; most important purpose of the penal system; most important function of criminal law; type of legal rights most effectively protected by criminal law; additional crimes that should be included in criminal law or should be removed from criminal law; attitude to resocialization (scale); psychological effects of the penal system; attitude to civil law; preference list of offenses to be prosecuted urgently; characteristic groups of persons conducting selected crimes (prejudices about the demographic characteristics of criminals); assessment of the relapse of offenders organized according to the individual crimes; judgement on the legislation process; perceived possibilities for a judge to exert influence against a law not in conformity with personal attitudes; judgement on the degree to which selected offenses deserve punishment, in one´s own view and from the assumed view of the population; hypothetical change of conduct regarding an acquaintance who has comitted a criminal offence; preferred authority (probation officer etc.) to eliminate negative consequences of the penal system; personal criteria for suspension of sentence on probation; most disadvantaged social group; type of discrimination; judgement on willingness to report crimes by victims and witnesses; intensity of criminal prosecution by the police; reasons for reduced willingness of victims of a crime to report it; assumed reasons for the overproportional share of persons from the underclass in prison (scale); attitude to unconditional law-abidingness; attitude to the formalities in criminal cases (scale); professional self-image of the judge (scale); naming the most harmful crimes for the country, society and the individual; offenses for which there is agreement between intensity of prosecution and harm to society; most important aspect in reaching a verdict (moral aspect or harm to society); assumption about the causes of above-average burden on criminal prosecution authorities from minor crimes; point in time and city of university degree; scientific employment with extra-legal subjects; doctorate and side job; change of city of service and time of appointment as judge; earlier occupation as prosecuting attorney or lawyer; length of occupation in current function; memberships; type of city of seat of the court; political interest; party membership. Demography: age; sex; marital status; religious denomination; religiousness; occupational training; household size; household composition; party membership; party inclination; social origins; year of high school graduation; study time and college city; city and year of finishing studies; doctorate; side jobs; membership in professional organizations.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1976-11 / 1977-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
Criminal judges in 31 randomly selected courts (BGH, OLG, LG and district courts)
Sampling Procedure Comment: Quota sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 294
    Number of Variables: 918
The questionnaire is in part identical to the questionnaire of ZA Study No.1238 in which a representative survey of the population was conducted on the same topic.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1239 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Keßler, Erich M.: Annotierte Bibliographie zu Knowledge and Opinion about Law (KOL)-Untersuchungen. In: Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, 2, 1981, S. 278 -293.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Eine Erwiderung auf Blankenburg. In: Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, 4, 1982, S. 297 - 304.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Alltagstheorien der Kriminalität in der deutschen Bevölkerung in Bezug auf das Problem der Marginalisierung. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 9, 1977.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Funktion der Berichterstattung über die Kriminalität in den Massenmedien. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 10, 1978, S. 187 - 201.
  • Spiegelberg, Rüdiger: Überlegungen zur Reaktion der Öffentlichkeit auf strafrechtliche Sanktionen. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 11, 1979, S. 22 - 34.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22