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Social Reactions to Deviant Behavior under Special Consideration of the Non-Institutional Area (Criminal Judge Survey)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Institut für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie der Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken
Publication Date
1983
Contributor
  • INFRATEST, Munich (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Legal system, Legislation, Law
Description
  • Abstract

    Judgement on criminal law and criminal prosecution in the FRG by judges. Topics: attitude to reading media reports on the criminal case now being worked on; assessment of the probability of oneself becoming the victim of a criminal act; situations in which this could happen; expected development of the crime rate; rank order of the most important political tasks in the FRG; attitude to reforms; preferred role of the government as providing order for private economic interests or as welfare state with balanced social equity; perceived class conflicts in society; characterization of the life style of different social classes; ideal qualifications and sense of responsibility of politicians; understanding of democracy; attitude to the fixed mandate; judgement on the law-abidingness of politicians; assessment of the possibilities for representation of interests in company, municipality, party, school, university and trade union; most important characteristics for success; attitude to the economic system (scale); attitude to the necessity for knowledge of criminal law in the population; assumed (psychological and economic) primary causes for selected criminal offenses; attitude to prison sentence (scale); attitude to personal preventive measures to protect against crime or to leaving the fight against crime to the police; attitude to obeying the law; most important purpose of the penal system; most important function of criminal law; type of legal rights most effectively protected by criminal law; additional crimes that should be included in criminal law or should be removed from criminal law; attitude to resocialization (scale); psychological effects of the penal system; attitude to civil law; preference list of offenses to be prosecuted urgently; characteristic groups of persons conducting selected crimes (prejudices about the demographic characteristics of criminals); assessment of the relapse of offenders organized according to the individual crimes; judgement on the legislation process; perceived possibilities for a judge to exert influence against a law not in conformity with personal attitudes; judgement on the degree to which selected offenses deserve punishment, in one´s own view and from the assumed view of the population; hypothetical change of conduct regarding an acquaintance who has comitted a criminal offence; preferred authority (probation officer etc.) to eliminate negative consequences of the penal system; personal criteria for suspension of sentence on probation; most disadvantaged social group; type of discrimination; judgement on willingness to report crimes by victims and witnesses; intensity of criminal prosecution by the police; reasons for reduced willingness of victims of a crime to report it; assumed reasons for the overproportional share of persons from the underclass in prison (scale); attitude to unconditional law-abidingness; attitude to the formalities in criminal cases (scale); professional self-image of the judge (scale); naming the most harmful crimes for the country, society and the individual; offenses for which there is agreement between intensity of prosecution and harm to society; most important aspect in reaching a verdict (moral aspect or harm to society); assumption about the causes of above-average burden on criminal prosecution authorities from minor crimes; point in time and city of university degree; scientific employment with extra-legal subjects; doctorate and side job; change of city of service and time of appointment as judge; earlier occupation as prosecuting attorney or lawyer; length of occupation in current function; memberships; type of city of seat of the court; political interest; party membership. Demography: age; sex; marital status; religious denomination; religiousness; occupational training; household size; household composition; party membership; party inclination; social origins; year of high school graduation; study time and college city; city and year of finishing studies; doctorate; side jobs; membership in professional organizations.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1976-11 / 1977-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
Criminal judges in 31 randomly selected courts (BGH, OLG, LG and district courts)
Sampling
Quota sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 294
    Number of Variables: 918
Note
The questionnaire is in part identical to the questionnaire of ZA Study No.1238 in which a representative survey of the population was conducted on the same topic.
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1239 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Keßler, Erich M.: Annotierte Bibliographie zu Knowledge and Opinion about Law (KOL)-Untersuchungen. In: Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, 2, 1981, S. 278 -293.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Eine Erwiderung auf Blankenburg. In: Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, 4, 1982, S. 297 - 304.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Alltagstheorien der Kriminalität in der deutschen Bevölkerung in Bezug auf das Problem der Marginalisierung. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 9, 1977.
  • Smaus, Gerlinda: Funktion der Berichterstattung über die Kriminalität in den Massenmedien. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 10, 1978, S. 187 - 201.
  • Spiegelberg, Rüdiger: Überlegungen zur Reaktion der Öffentlichkeit auf strafrechtliche Sanktionen. In: Kriminologisches Journal, 11, 1979, S. 22 - 34.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-28 | Issue Number: 73 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Institut für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie der Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken (1983): Soziale Reaktionen auf abweichendes Verhalten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des nichtinstitutionellen Bereiches (Strafrichterbefragung). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.1239