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Youth and State

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Schmidtchen, Gerhard (Psychologisches Institut, Abt. Sozialpsychologie, Universität Zürich)
Publication Date
  • INFRATEST, Munich (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Government, Political System
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Political ideology
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • Abstract

    Attitude to democracy and the social system in the Federal Republic of Germany. Judgement on political force and terrorism. Topics: general contentment with life and well-being in the FRG; political interest and its development in comparison to earlier; consent with the political order in the Federal Republic (scale); most important group representing personal interests; importance of social values and government influence on the development of goals in life; degree of concern about political mistakes; attitude to social changes in the Federal Republic and preferred method for such changes; assessment of the social capability to change of the Federal Republic; understanding of democracy and judgement on democratic reality in the FRG; significance of the history of German democracy; naming democratic models; assessment of degree of democratization in the countries Switzerland, USA, GDR and in the Federal Republic (scale); assessment of possibilities for citizen influence at various political levels; basic agreement with political action; assumed personal consequences of radical change of the existing balance of power of left or right; most important points of personal criticism of society (scale) and assessment of particularly threatening, social-political problems; self-assessment on a left-right continuum (100-point scale); judgement on different manners of action against demonstrators; appropriate legal action against terrorists; most important reasons for the development of terrorism in the Federal Republic; causes for personal contacts with police authorities or the judiciary; party preference; religiousness; personal considerations on leaving the church; religious denomination of parents. Also encoded were: city size; sex of interviewer; age of interviewer; interviewer education and employment. The following additional questions were posed to respondents 36 years old and older: assessment of fascism; existence of exploitation in the FRG; assumed understanding of democracy among members of the pre-war generation; political participation; possible intensity of personal political commitment; detailed information on earlier as well as current membership in organizations and clubs; intensity of participation; degree to which it is considered possible to participate and play a role in established parties as well as citizen initiatives and groups of alternative ways of life such as work and housing collectives; degree of personal emotional impact from political terrorist attacks or murders; political image of the opponent or group of persons for which one feels a particular hate; characterization of personal social conduct and consideration for others (scale); judgement on the press in the Federal Republic; reading habits; participation in alternative ways of life and experiences, already experienced as well as desired; identification of political groups as protector or threat to freedom in the Federal Republic; assessment of personal development as a result of predisposition or consequence of social conditions; doubt about the suicide of the terrorists in the Stammheim prison; stating differences in opinions on politics, society and family between respondent and parents; characterization of social conduct of both parents; party preference of both parents as well as of spouse/partner and the closest friends of respondent; position in sibling sequence; number of siblings; illegitimacy; youth with parents or in a home; type and financing of university education; cities of study; residential surroundings during time of studies; difficulties in school or in vocational training and during studies; performing military service or substitute service; service rank; regional and social origins of parents; parents as members of groups racially or politically or religiously persecuted; self-assessment of social mobility; judgement on one´s own occupational future and consent of parents with choice of occupation.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980-04 / 1980-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
German citizens in private households.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample. The sample is two-part: a) sample of persons between the ages of 16 to 35 years (sample 1 = 4854 respondents), b) persons between the ages of 36 to 70 years (sample 2 = 1181 respondents).
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 6035
    Number of Variables: 513
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1253 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Schmidtchen, Gerhard; Uehlinger, Hans-Martin: Jugend und Staat. In: Matz, Ulrich; Schmidtchen, Gerhard; Uehlinger, Hans-Martin: Gewalt und Legitimität. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1983. S. 104 - 437. (Analysen zum Terrorismus, Band 4/1).

Update Metadata: 2020-10-20 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Schmidtchen, Gerhard (1983): Jugend und Staat. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.