Coping with Unemployment in the Course of Time (Unemployed Panel 1978-1982)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • INFRATEST Sozialforschung, München
Publication Date
  • INFRATEST Sozialforschung, Muenchen (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Unemployment
    • In-job training
    • Employment
  • Abstract

    Employment and unemployment in the course of time. Problems of reintegration in work and contact with the employment office. Psycho-social problems of unemployment. This is a four-wave panel. Topics: 1st wave: The first wave of this investigation is at the same time the survey described under ZA Study No. 1083. 2nd wave: current employment status and changes since last survey; detailed chronological recording of times of employment or unemployment since last survey; agency arranging and frequency of temporary employment; re-employment with the same employer; type of activity during this interruption; employment from funds of a job creation measure; participation in course or retraining; successful conclusion and financial support of the course; improvement in occupational chances through retraining participation; reasons for non-participation (scale); self-assessment of current condition of health; illnesses and complaints; utilization of advice centers and medical treatment; psychological self-characterization of self-confidence and work orientation (scales); judgement on economic situation of the Federal Republic and one´s own economic situation; characterization of activity sought; income ideas; ideas about distance to place of work; list of circumstances that would be accepted in order to find work; type and extent of support received; intensity and evaluation of contact with the employment office; judgement on the case worker in the employment office in general and relative to the case of respondent (scale); number of jobs offered by the employment office; experiences with job offers obtained by the employment office as already filled or rejections received; independent search for work; number of applications; conversations with job counselor and case worker about further education and retraining; content characterization of counseling conversations (scale); attitude to unemployment and search for work (scale); detailed characterization of last occupational activity before respondent became unemployed; characterization of company; the route to work; information on dismissal; reason for dismissal; reduction in earning capacity; number of children under 14 years; children not of school-age; membership in a trade union; residential status; city size. 3rd wave: as so-called panel maintenance a brief questionnaire was sent to the respondent. In this mail survey (November 1980) the following questions were posed: current employment status; moving frequency; change of place of residence and distance of moving; reason for moving. With respondents who had found employment in the meantime the following additional questions were posed: characterization of current occupational activity and information on training prerequisites as well as working hours and opportunity of doing overtime; characteristics of the job; means of transport and length of route to work; characterization of company; mediation by employment office; compromise solution or employment corresponding to expectations; comparison of current and previous job; usability of knowledge from earlier employment. Demography: age; sex; marital status; number of children; babies; school education; vocational training; employment; household income; size of household; composition of household; respondent is head of household; division of household work; characteristics of head of household; city size; agricultural operation as second occupation; moves recently, move due to the new job and distance from old place of residence to new. 4th wave: assessment of economic situation; times of employment or unemployment from 1978 to 1981; assessment of occupational consequences of personal unemployment; reason for last unemployment; number of jobs offered by the employment office; one´s own initiative in the search for work; help taken advantage of for occupational reintegration; satisfaction with employment office and case worker; description of current employment situation; interest in regaining employment; part-time or full-time position; assessment whether it will be possible to obtain employment again in the next five years; decision for a specific activity or specific occupation; ideas on income; occupational mobility; reasonable difficulties or those one would accept in order to regain employment; current registration with the employment office as unemployed; reasons for not finding a suitable position (scale); sources of income for livelihood; assessment of condition of health; reduction in earning capacity; illnesses and complaints in the last three months; psychological self-characterization of self-confidence and work orientation (scales); moving frequency. To those who in the meantime had found work the following questions were also posed: success of mediation by the employment office; temporary or permanent employment; detailed characterization of current activity and relationship to occupation learned; hours worked each week and overtime; length of route to work; assessment of security of one´s job. Those who had not yet found work characterized their last job according to the same criteria.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1978-01 / 1982-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
The universe of individuals sampled is two-part. Population A: German unemployed on the days of interest the middle of November 1977 in 25 employment office districts selected by the Federal Employment Office as representative. Population B: those ending unemployment in the same 25 employment office districts in a 2-week time period the end of September/start of October 1977.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Both multi-stage random sample of addresses
Collection Mode
  • Oral and mail survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1643
    Number of Variables: 1233
The individual surveys of the four-wave panel survey were conducted at the following times: 1st wave: January to February 1978 (first survey: oral), 2nd wave: November to December 1978 (second survey: oral), 3rd wave: December 1980 to January 1981 (third survey: mail panel maintenance), 4th wave: January to February 1982 (fourth survey: oral).
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1362 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • INFRATEST Sozialforschung: Arbeitslose - ein Jahr später: Bericht über eine repräsentative Längsschnittuntersuchung bei Arbeitslosen und Abgängern aus Arbeitslosigkeit in der Bundesrepublik. Bonn: Bundesminister für Arbeit und Sozialordnung 1981. (Forschungsberichte Band 60)
  • Rosenbladt, Bernhard von; Büchtemann, Christoph F.: Arbeitslosigkeit und berufliche Wiedereingliederung: Erster Teilbericht über Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Längsschnittuntersuchung bei Arbeitslosen und Abgängern aus Arbeitslosigkeit in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1977/78. In: Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, 13, 1980, Nr.4, S. 552-572.
  • Büchtemann, Christoph F.; Rosenbladt, Bernhard von: Arbeitslose 1978: Die Situation in der Arbeitslosigkeit. Zweiter Teilbericht über Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Längsschnittuntersuchung bei Arbeitslosen und Abgängern aus Arbeitslosigkeit in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. In: Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, 14, 1981, Nr.1, S. 22-38.
  • Büchtemann, Christoph F.: Erwerbskarrieren im Anschluß an Arbeitslosigkeit: Ergebnisse einer Zwischenerhebung zum Verbleib der Arbeitslosen und Abgänger aus Arbeitslosigkeit vom Herbst 1977 drei Jahre später. In: Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, 15, 1982, Nr.2, S. 120-130.
  • Büchtemann, Christoph F.; INFRATEST Sozialforschung: Die Bewältigung von Arbeitslosigkeit im zeitlichen Verlauf: Repräsentative Längsschnittuntersuchung bei Arbeitslosen, Abgängern aus Arbeitslosigkeit und beschäftigten Arbeitnehmern 1978 - 1982. Bonn: Bundesminister für Arbeit und Sozialordnung 1983. (Forschungsberichte Band 85)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 92 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22