Environmental Consciousness (USA)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kessel, Hans (Internationales Institut für Umwelt und Gesellschaft, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Milbrath, Lester W. (Environmental Studies Center, State University of New York, Buffalo)
  • Tischler, Wolfgang (Internationales Institut für Umwelt und Gesellschaft, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
Publication Date
  • Environmental Studies Center, State University of New York, Buffalo (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Technology, Energy
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social change
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Natural resources and energy
    • Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • Abstract

    Ecological moral concepts in the USA. Topics: The content of this study is identical to that of ZA Study No. 1388.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1982-01 / 1982-04
Geographic Coverage
  • United States (US)
Sampled Universe
The American Population
Sampling Procedure Comment: The universe sampled is composed of 6 groups and individual samples: 1.Multi-stage random sample of the American population (694 respondents with a response rate of 53%). For this all addresses were used which had been deliverable in a survey in 1980. 2. Supplement sample of environmentalists: random selection of addresses from lists of various associations of the environmental protection movement (272 respondents, response rate 57%). 3. Supplement sample ´leadership persons of the economy´: sample of presidents or vice-presidents or chairmen of the board of large and medium-sized companies from the ´Fortune Double 500 Directory´ and from ´Corporations, Directors and Executives´ (202 respondents, response rate 59%). 4. Supplement sample ´political leadership´: random selection of members of the political leadership at federal, state and municipal level (48 respondents, response rate 21%). 5. Supplement sample ´public administration´: sample drawn analogious to the sample of ´political leadership´ (115 respondents, response rate 53%). 6. Supplement sample ´trade union leadership´: random selection of persons from the ´Who´s Who in Labor´ (of 1980) and the ´Encyclopedia of Associations´ (129 respondents, response rate 45%). Demography: age; sex; marital status; occupational position; employment; nationality; union membership; city size; household income; number of school years (classified); political orientation; party preference; federal state; self-assessment of social class.
Collection Mode
  • Mail survey
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1460
    Number of Variables: 133
The current data set is part of a complete project archived under ZA Study Nos. 1386 to 1388. An earlier study on the same topic conducted in Germany is archived under ZA Study No. 1819.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1386 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Kessel, Hans; Tischler, Wolfgang: Umweltbewußtsein: Ökologische Wertvorstellungen in westlichen Industrienationen. Berlin: Edition Sigma, Rainer Bohn Verlag 1984.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22