Environmental Consciousness (Germany)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Fietkau, Hans-Joachim (Internationales Institut für Umwelt und Gesellschaft, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Kessel, Hans (Internationales Institut für Umwelt und Gesellschaft, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Tischler, Wolfgang (Internationales Institut für Umwelt und Gesellschaft, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
Publication Date
  • Institut fuer Demoskopie, Allensbach (Data Collector)
  • Internationales Institut fuer Umwelt und Gesellschaft,Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Technology, Energy
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social change
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Natural resources and energy
    • Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • Abstract

    Ecological moral concepts in the Federal Republic. Topics: 1. Aspects of ecological consciousness: attitude to science, technology, nuclear power, limits to growth, problems of raw material and energy; quality of life in industrial societies; overpopulation of the Earth; harmony of mankind and nature as prerequisite for survival; increasing heteronomy; disturbance of ecological balance; abuse of nature. 2. Environment-related social attitudes: preferred future development of society regarding economic growth, use of nature and citizen involvement in political decisions; attitude to government control; evaluation of the achievement-oriented society; prosperity at the cost of risks; standard of living of the individual determined by performance; meaning of work; priority of environmental protection or economic growth; citizen involvement in political decisions; personal responsiblity for personal prosperity. 3. Miscellaneous: memberships in a citizen initiative or an organization for protection of nature; personal conduct with complaints given perceived environmental pollution; urgency of selected environmental protection problems and perceived probability of solution; satisfaction with personal residential area under environmental aspects; general satisfaction with environmental policy in the Federal Republic; willingness to pay additional taxes for environmental protection; judgement on government expenditures in individual department, assumed contribution to solution for environmental problems on the part of selected social groups; solution of environmental protection problems by technical or social changes; extent of personal contact with the natural environment in the work area, in leisure time and on vacation; perceived personal possibilities to influence politics and private areas; personal commitment for environmental problems in the municipality; attitude to environmental protection organizations; general assessment of extent of threat to the environment; priority of securing jobs or environmental protection; attitude to citizen actions against large projects; attitude to the peace movement; sources of information about environmental protection problems. Demography: age; sex; marital status; school education; occupational position; employment; area of business of the company; household income; size of household; housing situation; party preference (Sunday question); significance of environmental policy for personal voting decision; political orientation; self-assessment of social class; state; residential area; union membership.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1982-01 / 1982-03
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampling Procedure Comment: The universe sampled in this study is divided in four parts: 1. Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample) of persons in the territory of the Federal Republic (without West Berlin). This sample contains 1129 respondents with a response rate of 60%. 2. Supplement sample of a group of ´environmentalists´ selected at random from the address directory ´Buerger im Umweltschutz´ {citizens in environmental protection} of the Umweltbundesamt {Federal Office for the Environment} (1982). This sample contains 268 persons actively working in environmental protection associations (response rate 46%). 3. Supplement sample ´industrialists´. Sample of representatives of industry from the directory ´Leitende Maenner der Wirtschaft´ {leading men of the economy} from the 1981. From this group 153 persons could be interviewed with a response rate of 31%. 4. Supplement sample ´politicians´. A survey of all members of the German Federal Parliament was conducted. 109 persons took part in this survey with a response rate of 21%.
Collection Mode
  • Mail survey.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1659
    Number of Variables: 120
The current data set is part of a complete project archived under ZA Study Nos. 1386 to 1388. An earlier study on the same topic conducted in Germany is archived under ZA Study No. 1819.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1388 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Kessel, Hans; Tischler, Wolfgang: Umweltbewußtsein: Ökologische Wertvorstellungen in westlichen Industrienationen. Berlin: Edition Sigma, Rainer Bohn Verlag 1984.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22