Socio-Ecological Conditions of the Integration of Foreign Workers in the Ruhr Area (Foreigners in Duisburg)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Esser, Hartmut (Rhein-Ruhr-Institut für Sozialforschung und Politikberatung (RISP), Duisburg)
  • Hill, Paul B. (Rhein-Ruhr-Institut für Sozialforschung und Politikberatung (RISP), Duisburg)
  • Oepen, Georg von (Rhein-Ruhr-Institut für Sozialforschung und Politikberatung (RISP), Duisburg)
Publication Date
  • Rhein-Ruhr-Institut fuer Sozialforschung und Politikberatung (RISP), Duisburg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Migration
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Housing
  • Abstract

    The housing situation, job situation and situation in life of Turks in the Federal Republic. Topics: religiousness; nationality of spouse; living together with spouse in Germany; number and ages of children; number of children living in Germany; attendance of children at a Koran school; region of origin in Turkey; size of place of residence in city of origin; social origins; length of school attendance as well as type of school attended and school degree in Turkey; occupational activity last practiced and occupational position in Turkey; area of business of the company in Turkey; reason for moving; intent to return when moving; planned length of stay; year of arrival; age at moving; parents living in Germany when moving oneself or at the current point in time; occupational position of father in Germany when moving oneself; originally planned length of stay of parents. Detailed information on occupational situation and general situation in life at three various points in time, namely at start of stay, at mid-point of stay and in the current situation: employment and occupational position as well as information on company and area of business; satisfaction with occupational activity; number of German and Turkish colleagues in personal work area; monthly income and family income; monthly savings amount; information on use of savings; residential status; manner of arranging for a residence; amount of rent; residence equipment; possession of durable economic goods; size of residence; number of persons living in residence; satisfaction with housing situation; number of foreigners living in residential surroundings or in building; contacts with Germans; reasons to be shy of contacts with authorities; personal language ability; satisfaction with living conditions in Germany. The following questions were posed regarding the situation at the half-way point in the stay: significant decisive point in life during the stay in Germany; reasons for remaining in Germany; point in time of decision to remain in Germany; school attendance or school degree in Germany; vocational training in Germany. The following questions were also posed regarding the current situation: desired minimum furnishing of a residence; rent upper limit for a better residence. Importance of selected infrastructure facilities of the residential surroundings as well as satisfaction with facilities actually present (scale); length of living in the part of town; interest in change of residence; reasons for change of residence or remaining in current residence; desired quality of a better residence (scale); identity assimilation; strength of ties to region, city, part of town and immediate residential surroundings (scale); intent to return home; satisfaction with living conditions; memberships; perception of discrimination (scale); assumed attitude of Germans on integration of foreign fellow-citizens and personal readiness for assimilation (scales); desire to live together with Germans or Turks; interest in participation in municipal elections; party preference; desired aid measures for foreigners. Demography: age; sex; marital status. Also encoded was: building type; age of building; use of building; closeness to near-by industry; damage and deficiencies in residence; reason for moving from last residence and reasons for moving into new residence; results of a short language test; aggregate regional data on structure of total population as well as information on proportion of foreigners and proportion of Turks in apartment house, street and part of town.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1982-05 / 1982-06
Geographic Coverage
  • North Rhine-Westphalia (DE-NW)
Sampled Universe
Turkish heads of household in four parts of town with different proportions of foreigners
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 186
    Number of Variables: 430
The survey was conducted by Turkish interviewers selected and trained by the research group itself. A comparable investigation in the German population is archived under ZA Study No. 1579. A further investigation with comparable content is documented under ZA Study No. 1580.
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1578 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Esser, Hartmut; Hill, Paul B.; Oepen, Georg von: Ausländerintegration im Ruhrgebiet: Sozialökologische Bestimmungsfaktoren. Band 1 u. 2. Essen und Duisburg: Kommunalverband Ruhrgebiet 1983.
  • Esser, Hartmut: Social context and inter-ethnic relations: the case of migrant workers in West German urban areas. In: European Sociological Review, 2, 1986, S. 30-51.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 88 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22