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Work Effort, Socio-Economic Situation and Problems of Farming Families in the Federal Republic of Germany 1980

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie, Bonn
Publication Date
  • Forschungsgesellschaft fuer Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie, Bonn (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Rural economics
  • Abstract

    Living conditions of farming families and attitude of company owners to questions of agricultural policy. Topics: size of agricultural area and property proportion; size of forest possession. The following questions were posed to those farming as a second occupation: length of second occupation farming of the company; judgement on time of conversion from primary to second occupation; company conversions conducted or planned; personal feeling of identity as employee or as farmer; perceived stress from farming the agricultural company; reasons for remaining in farming; use of money from income outside the company in the agricultural company; judgement on the significance of income from outside the company for one´s livelihood; prospects of promotion in the primary occupation; fear of unemployment. To all respondents: contributions to the agricultural retirement fund; size of residential and arable land farmed; possibility of leasing new areas; judgement on current amount of land of the company; desired company expansion; use of arable land; cultivation of intensive cultures; personal participation and perceived problems in co-operative use of machines; giving work to sub-contractors; direkt sales of agricultural products to consumers; types of animals maintained; average annual milk production per cow; level of daily milk production in the company; intended changes in livestock maintenance in the next five years; necessary changes regarding stables, working quarters, technical equipment and residential building; planned future continued running of the company as primary or second occupation; planned expansion of an activity outside of the company; assumed reasons for not taking up a non-agricultural activity; importance of selected areas of life; advantages and disadvantages of the agricultural occupation; satisfaction with occupation; fair earnings; assumed income development in the next few years; feeling of obligation to maintain the farm for the next generation; judgement on necessity of concentration processes in agriculture; certainty of the existence of the company; regular annual vacation trips; importance of vacation; contacts with agricultural advice centers or reasons for lack of contacts; income from rent and lease; level of personal lease payments; possession of an agricultural secondary business (e.g. distillery, sawmill or mill) as well as income from this secondary business; employment of seasonal workers or day laborers and number of working hours by these persons; financial expenses for parents retired from farming or inheritance settlements; annual level of these payments; actual and ideal number of children; educational goals; parents retired from farming in one´s family; payments made for the retired parents. Those farming as primary occupation were interviewed as follows: accounting or company records; importance of accounting; attitude to government selection in promotion of agricultural companies; development ability of the company; attitude to direct financial subsidies instead of price support measures; ties to company; willingness to sacrifice some income for the benefit of agricultural activity; readiness to take out a loan; minimum monthly income necessary for the family; utilization of medium and long-term funds; level of annual debt payments; interest in taking up work outside of agriculture; personal chances in the job market. Beyond this detailed information was collected on all persons belonging to the company and their work performance in the company. Demography: position of respondent regarding company manager; year of birth; sex; number of children; school education; agricultural training; non-agricultural training; occupational position in activity outside of work; monthly net income from activity outside of work (classified); other sources of income. Interviewer rating: presence of third persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; residential area. Also encoded was: city code.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980-06 / 1980-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Owners of agricultural companies
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2851
    Number of Variables: 336
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1614 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Mrohs, Edmund: Landbewirtschafter in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1980: Lebens- und Arbeitsgestaltung, Einkommensvielfalt, subjektive Ortsbestimmung. Bonn: Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie 1981. (Schriftenreihe der Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie, Band 256)
  • Pascher, Peter: Entwicklungschancen landwirtschaftlicher Haupterwerbsbetriebe. Bonn: Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie 1981. (Schriftenreihe der Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie, Band 257)
  • Krüll, Helmut: Räumliche Differenzierung der Landwirtschaft. Bonn: Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie (voraussichtlich 1988) (Schriftenreihe der Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie, Band 264)
  • Mrohs, Edmund: Landwirte in der Gesellschaft: Soziale Schichten im Vergleich. Bonn: Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie 1983. (Schriftenreihe der Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie, Band 265)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Forschungsgesellschaft für Agrarpolitik und Agrarsoziologie, Bonn (1987): Arbeitseinsatz, sozialökonomische Lage und Probleme landbewirtschaftender Familien in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1980. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.