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Soviet policies in the Judgement of German Citizens 1988

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • SINUS, München
  • Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Bonn-Bad Godesberg
Publication Date
  • SINUS, Munich (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Government, political systems and organisation
  • Abstract

    Assessment of questions of security policy as well as judgement on Soviet policies. Attitude to Russians. Topics: most important task of West German policies; personal experiences or experiences of friends and acquaintances in the Soviet Union; contacts with Russians in the Federal Republic; media information about the Soviet Union; judgement on reporting in German media about the Soviet Union and the USA; business trip to the USSR and desire for a vacation trip; sympathy for Russians and Americans; attitude to policies of the USSR and the USA; most important events molding one´s own attitude to Americans and Russians; characterization of most important characteristics of Russians; judgement on the East-West relationship and the possibility of preserving peace in Europe; comparison of the Federal Republic and the USSR regarding their superiority in selected areas such as space research, agriculture, security against unemployment, computer technology, protection against crime, sports, fight against terrorism, air travel technology, environmental protection, retirement insurance, culture, folk music, protection against wrongful dismissal, national feelings, style of home decor, serious music, health insurance, literature, pop music, gastronomic culture and democratic freedoms; political interest; assessment of political intents of the USSR and the USA regarding securing of peace and influence on other countries and allies; assessment of the military superiority of NATO or Warsaw Pact; disarmament interest of the great powers; American or Soviet military strength as guarantor of West German security; attitude to nuclear deterrence; dependence of the Federal Republic on the United States and of the GDR on the Soviet Union; attitude to membership in NATO, even with use of nuclear weapons on German territory; limitation of a nuclear war to Europe as American defense strategy; reliability of the USA in case of defense; military superiority as goal of American and Soviet defense policy; attitude to an American troop withdrawal from Europe; attitude to a simultaneous withdrawal of Soviets from the GDR and Americans from the Federal Republic; trust in the United States as well as in the Soviet Union as world leading power; desirable areas of German-Soviet cooperation (scale); attitude to the peace movement; familiarity of ´Perestroika´ and ´Glasnost´; positive or negative effects of Glasnost and Perestroika (scale); expectation of German reunification in the next 20 years; opinion on Ronald Reagan and Gorbachev; reading selected magazines; strength of interest in the topics of this survey such as e.g. relations with the Soviet Union, the USA, the GDR and on disarmament negotiations; sympathy scale for the Federal Chancellor Kohl, Vogel, Pope Johannes Paul II., Thatcher, Reagan, Gorbachev, Walesa, Mitterrand, Helmut Schmidt, Genscher, Brandt, Adenauer, Brezhnev and Kennedy; union membership or membership in a professional organization; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election and party preference; party inclination.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1988-07 / 1988-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
Germans 18 years old and older living in private households
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1667
    Number of Variables: 187
The elements of the questionnaire referring to the German-Soviet part of the survey are comparable with questions in the ZA Study No. 1732 which deals with a comparison between the Federal Republic of Germany and the USA.
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1733 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Liedtke, Klaus (Hrsg.): Der neue Flirt: Russen und Deutsche auf dem Weg zu veränderten Beziehungen. Hamburg: Gruner + Jahr 1989. (STERN-Buch)
  • SINUS: Sowjetische und amerikanische Politik im Urteil der Deutschen in der Bundesrepublik: Eine Studie im Auftrag der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung und des STERN. Bonn: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung 1988.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

SINUS, München; Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Bonn-Bad Godesberg (1989): Sowjetische Politik im Urteil der Bundesbürger 1988. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.