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Eurobarometer 31 (Mar-Apr 1989)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften
Other Title
  • European Elections 1989: Pre-Election Survey (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses (Researcher)
  • DIMARSO, Bruessel (Data Collector)
  • EMNID, Bielefeld (Data Collector)
  • Gallup Markedsanalyse, Hellerup (Data Collector)
  • Institut de Sondages Lavialle, Issy-Les-Moulineaux (Data Collector)
  • ICAP Hellas, Athen (Data Collector)
  • Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • DOXA, Mailand (Data Collector)
  • ILRES, Luxemburg (Data Collector)
  • INTERGALLUP, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • NORMA, Lissabon (Data Collector)
  • Social Surveys (Gallup Poll), London (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Information and communication
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    The main survey focus of this Eurobarometer is on: 1. General satisfaction and media usage 2. Cancer 3. Nuclear energy and radioactivity 4. Significance of research 5. European domestic market 6. Satellite TV 7. EC agricultural policy and attitude to the EC 8. Test of natural science knowledge 9. Political attitude and self-classification Topics: 1. Eligibility to vote at place of residence; general contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy; personal opinion leadership; frequency of political discussions; postmaterialism; media usage; interest and self-assessment of extent to which informed in selected areas; attitude to astrology; frequency of reading scientific magazines; frequency of attendance at technical as well as natural history museums and zoos; acceptance of technology and attitude to science and research (scale). 2. Knowledge about the European program to combat cancer as well as the ´European Code against Cancer´; significance of selected cancer preventive measures and personal behavior to prevent cancer; use of alcohol; consumption of fruit juice, potatoes, fresh vegetables and canned vegetables; smoking habits; use of cigarettes; changes of one´s own smoking habits; obstacles to quitting smoking; smokers in one´s circle of friends; personal fear of getting cancer. 3. Judgement on the danger of radioactivity in selected situations; assessment of problems with nuclear energy (scale); extent to which informed about radioactivity in one´s country and trust in this information; reasons for dissatisfaction with information from this area; most trustworthy institutions for information about radioactivity; most important character traits of trustworthy sources of information. 4. Importance of selected research areas; comparison of technical state of development in Europe with that in the USA and Japan; knowledge of Europe-wide research activities; comparison of research activities at national level with Europe-wide research; importance of selected natural science research areas at European level. 5. Assessment of advantages and disadvantages from realization of the European domestic market (scale); attitude to the European domestic market and development of a common European policy in selected political departments; attitude to further integration of Europe in selected areas; preference for completion of the European domestic market or further rapproachment of Western and Eastern Europe; evaluation of an agreement on fundamental social rights for the entire EC; knowledge of selected rights of citizens of the EC. 6. Interest in reception of satellite TV programs and foreign language TV broadcasters; interest in acquisition of equipment to receive satellite programs; preferred program offering of a Europe-wide television yet to be organized; attitude to commercial television; duration of advertising per hour that can still be tolerated. 7. Judgement on European agricultural policy; advantages of farmers, consumers or taxpayers of the country from this agricultural policy; political interest and interest in policies of the EC; significance of the EC for the future of one´s own country; knowledge and judgement on the EC Commission; attitude to Western European unification and EC membership of one´s country; assessment of advantages for the country from EC membership; regret of a failure of the EC; feeling as European; most important characteristics of a ´Europe of the citizens´; importance of political questions and problems; issue competence of the parties; knowledge and judgement on the European Parliament; assessment of the significance of the European Parliament and desired strengthening of the role of this parliament; intent to participate in the next European Election and party preference; assessment of the eligibility of the individual parties; knowledge of candidates campaigning for a seat in the European Parliament; attitude to a European Government; knowledge about the powers of the European Parliament; attitude to a European or national cooperation of the European Parliamentarians. 8. Test of natural science knowledge; descent of man from the vertebrates; astronomical knowledge; knowledge of scientific research methods; understanding of scientific statements with probability character; concepts of a ´scientific study´; definition of ´scientific research´. 9. Concept of ´violence´ (semantic differential); willingness to participate in selected forms of political protest and demonstrations; attitude to use of government force against protesting demonstrators and strikers; attitude to social change. Demography: self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party allegiance; marital status; age at end of education; party preference; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; monthly household income; occupational position; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); company size; supervisor status; party affiliation; union membership; position in household; occupation of head of household; self-assessment of social class; residential status; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; city size; region. Indices: postmaterialism; political orientation; EC support; cognitive and political mobility; class; attitude to Europe; living close to a border; media usage. Also encoded were: date of interview; time of interview; length of interview; presence of other persons; willingness of respondent to cooperate. In the Federal Republic of Germany the following questions were also posed: interest in Europe 1992 and self-assessment of extent to which informed about EC-policies as well as about political events in the Federal Republic; most important areas of interest in European politics; assessment of the influence of the European domestic market on personal and occupational circumstances; knowledge and evaluation of information material about the European Community.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1989-03-20 / 1989-03-31
  • 1989-03-17 / 1989-03-30
  • 1989-03-17 / 1989-04-05
  • 1989-03-17 / 1989-04-05
  • 1989-03-17 / 1989-04-05
  • 1989-03-13 / 1989-04-10
  • 1989-03-16 / 1989-04-05
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 1989-03-20 / 1989-04-08
  • 1989-03-21 / 1989-04-17
  • 1989-03-18 / 1989-03-29
  • 1989-03-20 / 1989-04-15
  • 1989-03-21 / 1989-04-05
    Great Britain
  • 1989-04-03 / 1989-04-05
    Northern Ireland
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
Sampled Universe
Sample of persons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Various sampling procedures (quota sample and multi-stage random sample) according to country.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 11678
    Number of Variables: 537
The 11678 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1002 cases, Federal Republic of Germany 1024 cases, Denmark 1014 cases, France 1005 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 1006 cases, Italy 1022 cases, Luxembourg 303 cases, Netherlands 1025 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1001 cases, United Kingdom 1276 cases. of this Great Britain 976 cases Northern Ireland 300 cases. See also the following special releases and studies: "The European Elections Study 1989" (ZA2320), "Public Understanding of Science in Europe 1989-2005" (ZA4669), and "European Survey About Teachers and Cancer Prevention",conducted in January and February of 1989 and examining teachers´ opinions on health and cancer education in schools of 12 member countries of the European Community (ICPSR 9407).
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1750 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR09322.v2 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.1750
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 31: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1989.
  • Commission des Communautes Européennes: Les Européens et la prevention du cancer. Bruxelles, Decembre 1989.
  • Faits et Opinions: Les Européens et la radioprotection en 1989. Paris, Octobre 1989.
  • J.R. Durant, J.D. Miller, J.-F. Tchernia, W. van Deelen: Europeans, Science and Technology. Paper for American Association for Advancement of Science in 1991. Washington, D.C.
  • Herrmann Schmitt, Renato Mannheimer: The European Elections of June 1989. Special issue of The European Journal of Political Research (19:1), 1991.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2012-08-08

Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (2012): Eurobarometer 31 (Mar-Apr 1989). European Elections 1989: Pre-Election Survey. Version: 1.0.1. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.