International Values Study 1981-1983 (World Values Survey)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Inglehart, Ronald (World Values Survey Group, ICPSR, Ann Arbor, Michigan)
Publication Date
  • Institut fuer Demoskopie, Allensbach (Data Collector)
  • Further research institutes in other countries (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Religion and values
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Family life and marriage
  • Abstract

    Fundamental social values and norms in 22 countries. Topics: 1. Leisure time: preference for active or relaxing organization of leisure time; preferred leisure partner; membership in selected organizations and clubs; honorary activity in clubs; regularly reading newspapers; daily watching television; attitude to people with diverging convictions; feelings of loneliness; assessment of change in people´s willingness to help; unpopular groups of persons in the neighborhood; self-assessment of condition of health; psychological self-characterization as restless, depressive and happy; general trust in fellow man and trust in younger and older people; control over personal course of life (scale); feeling of happiness; assessment of current contentment with life as well as contentment with life five years ago and in the future by means of scales. 2. Work: job satisfaction; pride in the profession; freedom of decision in the profession; use of additional leisure time; feeling of being exploited by work; general satisfaction with standard of living; expected changes in financial situation in the future; attitude to the achievement principle and co-determination of employees in nominating the business manager of a business; attitude to following instructions of superior; attitude to technical progress. 3. The meaning of life: contemplating the meaning of life and death; belief in good and evil in people; frequency of regret for personal inappropriate behavior; willingness for national defense; values and institutions for which it is worthwhile to risk one´s life; danger of war; self-classification of religiousness; assessment of the ability of the church in moral questions, in questions of family life and the question of the meaning of life; expected significance of religions in the future; belief in God, death, soul, devil, hell, heaven, sin and re-birth; importance of God in one´s own life; search for strength and consolation in faith; prayer; the significance of the individual 10 commandments for the respondent as well as assessment of the significance for most people; supernatural experiences and consequential changes in life. 4. Family life: ties to parents; strictness of parents; assessment of degree of relaxation, security, fear, irritability and happiness in one´s home; satisfaction with domestic life; common moral orientations and opinions with partner as well as parents; attitude to marriage and sexual permissiveness; most important prerequisite for a successful marriage; ideal number of children; possible reasons for a divorce; the significance of father and mother for a child growing up; motherhood as prerequisite for a happy woman; necessity of sexual norms; attitude to unconditional love of parents as well as sacrificing love of parents for their children; attitude to a voluntarily single mother; educational goals; number of children. 5. Social and political questions: interest in politics; attitude to selected forms of political participation; freedom or equality as most important value; self-classification on a left-right continuum; attitude to social change and revolutionary changes; postmaterialism; goal of imprisonment; goal of an ideal social system; sense of justice and classification of the reprehensibleness of traveling without paying, acceptability of bribes, homosexuality, prostitution, divorce, resistance against the authority of the state, hit-and-run driving, euthanasia, suicide and political murder; use of alcohol; assessment of the drug and alcohol problem in one´s country; attitude to abortion and acceptance of possible reasons for abortion; personal opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions with friends; party inclination; closeness to city or nation; national pride; attitude to terrorism; trust in selected institutions; insecurity of the future; residential status. Interviewer rating: ethnic affiliation; socio-economic status of respondent; reliability and willingness of respondent to cooperate.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1981 / 1983
Geographic Coverage
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • United States (US)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Mexico (MX)
  • South Africa (ZA)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Australia (AU)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • USSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (SUHH)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Finland (FI)
Sampling Procedure Comment: Representative national samples
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 28764
    Number of Variables: 350
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1838 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Noelle-Neumann, Elisabeth; Köcher, Renate: Die verletzte Nation: Über den Versuch der Deutschen, ihren Charakter zu ändern. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, 1987.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22