Occupation and Function

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • SPIEGEL-Verlag, Hamburg
  • GfK Marktforschung, Nürnberg
Publication Date
  • GfK Marktforschung, Nuernberg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Occupation, Profession
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Employment
    • Leisure, tourism and sport
    • Trade, industry and markets
  • Abstract

    Determination of education, occupation and areas of responsibility of employees with mid-range and higher qualification. Attitudes, interests and reading habits. Topics: 1. Education, occupation and function: status in profession; length of employment; part-time or full-time employment; school education and professional training; education areas; college education; academic degree; academic and non-academic occupations studied, with or without degree; leadership duties and management activities; duties in office and management; activities primarily conducted; range of control; personal office; personal use of technical equipment and computers for office communication and control of production; knowledge of foreign languages; measures for further education completed; seminars and courses; further education specific to field; further education for higher qualification; schooling within the company; interest in measures for further education; activity as instructor; secondary activities; honorary activities; memberships in organizations, associations, clubs or parties; time worked each week; overtime; days of vacation; use of company car; car brand and displacement; purchase or lease of vehicle; vehicle equipped with catalytic converter and car telephone; participants in purchase decision; possibility to use the company car privately. 2. Information on company or business: area of business or branch of economy; business form; legal form of business; branches; headquarters of the business in the FRG; number of employees in the company as well as in the entire business; annual turnover; business activities in foreign countries; the significance of export as well as of government customers for the business; furnishing of the company with telecommunication facilities and data processing equipment; use of external services. 3. Attitudes and interests: most important personal events in the last 5 years; most important factors promoting career; attitude to occupation, occupation orientation (scale); most important factors of occupational satisfaction (scale); satisfaction with income; strength of personality (acceptance of responsibility, personal opinion leadership etc., scale); expression of strength of personality; detailed recording of leisure interests in the areas sport, do-it-yourself, yard work, making music, trips to opera, concerts, the theater, trips to museums, reading, media usage, trips to restaurants, travels, further education and performing occupational work at home; interest in politics and society, such as e.g. national politics, international policy, politics of developing countries, European politics, tax policies, economic policy, social policy, disarmament, energy sources, environmental protection, the job market, education policies, technology, medicine or health, the economy, research, electronics, computers, citizen initiatives, alternative ways of life, relations between humans, the culture of foreign peoples, travel information and architecture. 4. Information habits: sources of information used professionally; observing the job market; reading of job advertisements and contacts with personnel consultants; job information about friends and acquaintances; regularity of job information. 5. Media usage: use of television; intensity of magazine and TV use; city size.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1989-03 / 1989-09
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
Self-employed persons, independent, mid-range, qualified or executives as well as upper-level or higher civil servants. Private households with telephone.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Two-stage, multiply stratified random sample. Municipality and household sample in 71730 private households with telephone. From this a sample of qualified employees was drawn.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 6210
The study relates to other studies of the Spiegel-Verlag. The study ´Academics in Germany ´ is archived in the Zentralarchiv under ZA Study No. 1041.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1895 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Spiegel (Hrsg.): Beruf und Funktion: Ausbildung, Beruf und Verantwortungsbereiche der Berufstätigen mit mittlerer bis höherer Qualifikation. Hamburg: Spiegel-Verlag, Rudolf Augstein, Juni 1990.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 88 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22