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Individual Modernization in Bulgaria

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Gorner, Galin (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Integrated Center for Philosophy and Sociology, Sofia)
  • Boyadzhiera, Pepka (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Integrated Center for Philosophy and Sociology, Sofia)
  • Athanassov, Athanas (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Integrated Center for Philosophy and Sociology, Sofia)
  • Partchev, Ivailo (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Integrated Center for Philosophy and Sociology, Sofia)
Other Title
  • Individualna modernizatsiya v B’lgariya (Original Title)
Publication Date
  • Institute for Sociology, Sofia (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social change
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
  • Abstract

    Attitudes of Bulgarian employees to social changes in the country. Judgement on the situation in one´s family, at work and in relations between people. Topics: duration of employment; description of activity; work experience; position of leadership; pay received for work performed; choosing the current occupation again given the opportunity; judgement on changes in work and in modernization of work methods; recommendations for changes at work; interest in more occupational responsibility; most important determining factors in establishing wages and salaries; use of literature specific to the occupation and of measures for further education; interest in further qualification and operation of the most modern machines; job satisfaction (scale); intent to quit; characteristics of an ideal colleague; conduct in case of differences of opinion; interest in further education; level of eductional aspirations for one´s own children; attitude to university education and to scientific research; most important goals of a university education; necessity of training technical capabilities; planning for the future; judgement on the chances of young people; comparison of personal standard of living with others; expected improvement in financial situation; assessment of the consideration of the state for the opinion of ordinary people; the significance of relations; luck or personal capabilities as determining factors for success; satisfaction with goals in life achieved; most important factors for social prestige; assessment of the general difficulty of getting along in life; social origins; major problems of the country; future expectation; attitude to referendum in important social problems; desired influence on decision-making processes; political participation; sense of justice; judgement on influence on government institutions through contacts; attitude to acceptance of the office of the prime minister by a woman; most important sources of information about world events; reading habits; listening to the radio and watching television; political and geographic knowledge; belief in the peaceful resolution of conflicts; preference for local or national news; ties to home; openness to strangers; willingness to help relatives; most important person to relate to and person to confide in; possession of durable economic goods; do-it-yourself repair of electric equipment; stays abroad; attitude to being on time with appointments; ideal number of children; educational goals; attitude to protection of children and young people by age-rating films; attitude to pre-marital sexual intercourse and to single mothers; attitude to a personal circle of friends of married women; conduct in financial disputes in marriage; faith in God and judgement on the current development of belief in God in the country; associations with age; sleeplessness; nervousness and specification of further health indicators; headaches; depression; size of city of origin; description of sanitary facilities in residence; belonging to clubs or political organizations; offices held; satisfaction with standard of living.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1988
    Winter 1988
Geographic Coverage
  • Bulgaria (BG)
Sampled Universe
Sample of employees between the ages of 18 to 35 years in industry as well as in agriculture
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1942
    Number of Variables: 131
A further Bulgarian study is archived under ZA Study No. 1945.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1944 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Gorner, Galin; Boyadzhiera, Pepka; Athanassov, Athanas; Partchev, Ivailo (1991): Individual Modernization in Bulgaria. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.