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Public Opinion in Bulgaria - November 1990

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Bozhikov, Petko (Sofia)
  • Partchev, Ivailo (Sofia)
  • Semov, Mincho (Sofia)
  • Venedikov, Jordan (Sofia)
Other Title
  • Obshchestvenoto mnenie v B’lgariya – Noemvri 1990 (Original Title)
Publication Date
  • Statistisches Zentralamt, Sofia (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic conditions and indicators
  • Abstract

    Judgement on the current political and social problems of the country. Topics: 1. Questions on the provisional Executive Commitee in the city: knowledge about the new provisional Executive Commitee in the municipality and number of personal friends in this committee; trust in the new Executive Commitee and judgement on the quality of the members; contribution of the new committee to democratization of the municipality; party proportions in the Executive Commitee; day and month of birth. 2. Questions on the last election of the National Assembly and on the impending election to the municipal council: assessment of the coming municipal election and of the last election to the National Assembly as free and democratic; most able party in questions of local policies; party preference at the local level; decision for a certain candidate; behavior at the polls in the last election to the National Assembly; personal change in party voted for; ineligible parties; coalition preference; judgement on the current crisis situation in the country; future expectation for the country. 3. Judgement on the parties, politicians and political situation: judgement on the conduct of the National Assembly, of President Zhelev, of the government, of the parliamentarians of the individual parties and of the party-state under Zhivkov; judgement on the current condition and future development of the economy of the country, agriculture, the supply of goods and services, inflation, the employment situation, health care, price development, social equity, care for the elderly, the housing situation, measures against the black market, care for the young, education, the fight against crime, the relation between ethnic groups, culture, environmental pollution, morals, television and preservation of law and order in the country; attitude to a multi-party-system in Bulgaria; preference for a communist or modern democratic society; attitude to criminal prosecution of earlier ruling personalities; attitude to reductions in pensions and elimination of privileges for the military; perceived criminal activities of Todor Zhivkov against the state and population; attitude to instruction in Turkish at Bulgarian schools. 4. Questions on production, private ownership and possesion of land: attitude to private property and independent entrepreneurs; sources of money to develop a private business; activity in agriculture and agricultural possessions; desire for employment in agriculture; possession of government or collective land; possession of a proof of ownership for land; utility of land ownership for agricultural production; preference for personal use or compensation for land ownership. 5. Family, neighborhood and satisfaction with situation in life: satisfaction with housing situation; judgement on intra-family relations; friends in the neighborhood and relations with neighbors; satisfaction with education, with occupational capabilities, with work or studies, with marital status, with the opportunities for political participation, leisure time, life at home, material wealth and health; satisfaction with life up to now and expectations for the future; desires for the future of one´s children; mobility desires; preferences for a certain location; judgement on the chances in looking for work; material reserves in case of loss of job; intent to quit; intent to emigrate; religious activities; attitude to a return of the Bulgarian king; attitude to the death penalty in Bulgaria; ethnic affiliation.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Bulgaria (BG)
Sampled Universe
Citizens 18 years old or older from voter lists
Sampling Procedure Comment: Simple random selection
Collection Mode
  • Written survey
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3216
    Number of Variables: 138
A further Bulgarian study is archived under ZA Study No. 1944.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1945 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 85 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Bozhikov, Petko; Partchev, Ivailo; Semov, Mincho; Venedikov, Jordan (1991): Public Opinion in Bulgaria - November 1990. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.