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Eurobarometer 34.2 (Dec 1990)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften
Other Title
  • European Youth (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses (Researcher)
  • SOBEMAP, Bruessel (Data Collector)
  • GFK Danmark/OBSERVA, Kopenhagen (Data Collector)
  • SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln (Data Collector)
  • KEME, Athen (Data Collector)
  • PRAGMA srl, Rom (Data Collector)
  • ICP-Research, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • TMO Consultants, Paris (Data Collector)
  • Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • IRLES, Luxemburg (Data Collector)
  • NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • NORMA, Lissabon (Data Collector)
  • NOP, London (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Post-compulsory education
    • Language and linguistics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Youth
  • Abstract

    Description of the work and education situation of young people in Europe. Living conditions, morals, values and future prospects. Attitudes to society and to a united Europe. Topics: contentment with life and satisfaction with democracy in one´s country; personal opinion leadership; frequency of political discussions; most important personal interests; willingness to act regarding selected social and political goals; educational goals; most important problem of young people; belonging to selected political, social sport and leisure organizations; attendance at youth clubs and communication centers; knowledge of a foreign language; language used at home; origins and importance of language proficiency; judgement on foreign language courses available; desired knowledge of a foreign language; reasons for learning further languages; knowledge about the European Community and interest in additional information; preferred sources of information for EC topics; knowledge about the EC from school; knowledge about EC member countries; stays abroad as tourist and as employee; participation in international youth exchange programs; visits to other EC countries; preferred EC countries for work or study; major problems of a stay abroad; living together with one´s parents, with spouse or friends; satisfaction in selected situations in life; membership in a youth organization; perceived discrimination against selected groups; discrimination experienced personally; financial situation; source of income and amount of income; computer knowledge and origin of this knowledge; interest in further computer knowledge; reference persons; reference groups in important decisions in life; evaluation of support on the part of public agencies and perceived major difficulties; frequency of utilization of public agencies and initiator of contact; knowledge of places of information for young people run by young people; knowledge and evaluation of the EC-commission as well as of the Common Market 1992; attitude to the European Community; judgement on the progress of European unification; attitude to EC membership of one´s own country; regret of a failure of the EC; perceived change in the relationship of the EC-countries among each other during the last 12 months; attitude to social changes. Those part-time or full-time employed were also asked: full-time or part-time occupation and time worked each week; reasons for part-time employment; further education possiblities at work; how job was found; job satisfaction; level of job standards; planned resumption of studies or training; current duration of employment; number of times employed previously; frequency of unemployment since end of school; union membership and reasons for not being a member. School and college students were asked: study of a desired subject; reasons for study; selection of the subject; anticipated age at end of studies; type of institution of study or college. Respondents currently in training were additionally asked: duration of occupational instruction up to now; detailed information on occupational training. For unemployed or job-seekers: duration and manner of search for work; major reason for unemployment. All no longer in training were asked: duration of general further education after conclusion of mandatory school; reasons for dropping out of training; begin and conclusion of one or more programs for occupational further education; total duration of these programs; information on demands of the occupation, benefit and perceived help in the search for work from these measures for further education; supplemental qualifications through measures for further education. Demography: further education after school; age; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party allegiance; marital status; age at end of education; sex; size of household; number of children in household; occupational position; position in household; occupation of head of household; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; city size; region. Also encoded was: date of interview; length of interview; presence of third persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate. Indices: opinion leadership (cognitive mobility); postmaterialism; EC support; status in profession; EC support; political orientation.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-12-07 / 1990-12-23
  • 1990-12-06 / 1990-12-23
  • 1990-12-05 / 1990-12-20
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-20
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-23
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-20
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-18
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 1990-12-05 / 1990-12-20
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-23
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-22
  • 1990-12-04 / 1990-12-19
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-10
    Great Britain
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-19
    Northern Ireland
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
Sampled Universe
Persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 7706
    Number of Variables: 509
The study consists of an almost complete replication of a survey conducted in 1987 and archived under ZA Study No. 2041. The first youth study was conducted in December 1982. The 7706 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 593 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 659 cases, (East) 613 cases, Denmark 617 cases, France 603 cases, Greece 612 cases, Ireland 608 cases, Italy 600 cases, Luxembourg 199 cases, Netherlands 681 cases, Portugal 600 cases, Spain 600 cases, United Kingdom 621 cases, Northern Ireland 200 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-33) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715 as well as 1750-1753. Special youth sample (respondents aged 15-24) A cumulated data set of the Eurobarometers (1970-2002) is archived under ZA Study No. 3521.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1962 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR09578.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.1962
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Europäer 34. The young Europeans in 1990. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1991.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 40 | Registration Date: 2012-08-08

Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (2012): Eurobarometer 34.2 (Dec 1990). European Youth. Version: 1.0.1. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.