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International Relations (April 1956)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • DIVO, Frankfurt
  • Gallup Poll, London
  • Institut Francais d'Opinion Publique, Paris
  • Istituto Italiano dell'Opinione Pubblica, Milano
Publication Date
  • USIA, Washington (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Judgement on American and Soviet policies. The respondent´s image of the USA. Attitude to selected countries. Topics: most important problems of the country; attitude to England, France, Sweden, the Netherlands, China, America, Germany and the Soviet Union; desired East-West orientation of one´s own country; judgement on Soviet foreign policy and the peace efforts of the great powers; assessment of the danger of war; comparison of the successes of the East with those of the West; attitude to American or Soviet aid for other countries and to extension of trade with the East; judgement on utilization of Soviet and American aid by the countries in Africa and Asia; judgement on American economic and military relations with other countries; expected result of the peaceful competition between the great powers; expected effects of American trade policy on one´s own country; attitude to unification of Europe and to peaceful use of atomic energy; attitude to American as well as Soviet nuclear weapons tests; preference for a European cooperation on peaceful use of nuclear energy; atomic energy as curse or blessing; judgement on the disarmament efforts; attitude to the conflicts of the earlier colonial powers England, France and The Netherlands with their former possessions; judgement on the American stand in these conflicts; attitude to socialism and communism; attitude to capitalism (scale, split); change of one´s own attitude to capitalism in the last few years (only FRG); attitude to designation of the American economic system as ´everyone´s capitalism´; desired agreement of the economic system of one´s own country with that of the USA; attitude to selected areas of American life; knowledge about race problems in the USA; party preference; union membership (not in France). Interviewer rating: social class and willingness of respondent to cooperate (not in GB); number of contact attempts. In the Federal Republic the following was additionally encoded: identification of interviewer; age of interviewer and sex of interviewer; city size. In Great Britain the following additional questions were posed: employment of household help; possession of a car; possession of a radio; house ownership. Additionally encoded were: length of interview; number of contact attempts; presence of other persons during the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; degree of difficulty of the interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1956-04
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
Sampled Universe
Persons 21 years of age and older.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2457
    Number of Variables: 91
A split questionnaire was used. The scale attitude to capitalism was collected in alternative question formulations. In Germany 863 persons were interviewed, in France 795 and in Great Britain 799. The USIA designation of this study is XX-7. The USIA studies of the XX series (International Relations) from XX-2 to XX-18 are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1969-1976 as well as 2069-2074 and 2124-2127.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1971 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Merritt, Richard L.; Puchala, Donald J. (Hrsg.): Western European Perspectives on International Affairs: Public Opinion Studies and Evaluations. New York: Praeger 1968.
  • Allerbeck, Klaus R.: Demokratisierung und sozialer Wandel in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: Sekundäranalyse von Umfragedaten 1953-1974. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1976.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 88 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

DIVO, Frankfurt; Gallup Poll, London; Institut Francais d'Opinion Publique, Paris; Istituto Italiano dell'Opinione Pubblica, Milano (1991): Internationale Beziehungen (April 1956). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.