The Pulse of Europe (Spain)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kellermann, Donald S. (Times Mirror Center for The People & The Press, Washington, DC)
Publication Date
  • GALLUP, Spain (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Religion and values
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social change
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Judgement on current situation in life and political and economic development of the country in times of economic and social upheaval. Topics: 1. Common part of the survey for all participating countries: most important problems of the country; intent to emigrate and country of choice; desired occupation for one´s own child; judgement on the work of the president of the country; fears and desires for the future; assessment of current standard of living and comparison with the situation five years ago and expected future development; judgement on the situation of the country in comparison over time; preference for freedom or social security; attitude to admission of undemocratic parties; attitude to freedom of the press; perceived discrimination against women; attitude to division of labor in raising children; judgement on conduct of parliamentary representatives and attitude to democracy in the country (scale); feeling of political effectiveness; internal or external control; achievement orientation; attitude to the national economy; demand for increased environmental protection; desire for foreign support for one´s country; the government as guarantor of equal opportunities and social security; welfare state; necessity of the willingness to compromise in politics; interest in politics at municipal level; diminishing interest in political events; self-assessment as patriot; attitude to securing of peace through military strength; readiness for national defense; necessity of participation of one´s country in world politics; claims to territory in neighboring countries; attitude to restriction on immigration; attitude to use of military for restoration of world order. Religion and morals: importance of prayer and significance of God in one´s own life; doubt in the existence of God; attitude to prohibition of books critical of society and to sex magazines and films; attitude to freedom of speech even for fascists; assessment of the general trustworthiness of people; AIDS as punishment by God; representation of traditional values in the area of family and marriage; attitude to abortion; clear concepts of Good and Evil; perceived intensification of class differences; assessment of personal things in common with uneducated and persons of another race or ethnic affiliation; satisfaction with one´s own financial situation. Demography: party membership; union membership; residential status; city size; religiousness. 2. Additional questions in this survey: attitude to the Catalans, gipsies and Basques; attitude to advertising (scale); acceptance of advertising in selected media; desired establishing of prices through demand, production costs or government determination; judgement on economic consequences of European unification for one´s country; expected influence of European integration on the development of agriculture, industry and tourism; attitude to admission of Eastern European countries into the EC; preferred applicant countries; Eastern European country the closest to one´s own; attitude to the European domestic market; dominant member country in the European Community; attitude to export of weapons into third world countries.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-04 / 1991-05
Geographic Coverage
  • Spain (ES)
Sampled Universe
The adult population
Sampling Procedure Comment: Representative sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1003
The survey described here is part of an investigation in Eastern and Western Europe. Surveys were conducted in Russia (European part), Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgarai, Germany, France, Italy, United Kingdom and Lithuania. The data are archived under ZA Study Nos. 2222 to 2233 and 4974. A split questionnaire was used.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2225 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Times Mirror Center for The People & The Press: The Outlook for Business in the New Europe: An Investigation of Public Attitudes toward Business-Related Issues. Washington, DC: Selbstverlag, 1991.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22