The Pulse of Europe (Poland)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kellermann, Donald S. (Times Mirror Center for The People & The Press, Washington, DC)
Publication Date
  • Centrum Badania Opinii Spotecznej (CBOS), Polen (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Religion and values
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social change
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Economic policy
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Judgement on current situation in life and political and economic development of the country in times of economic and social upheaval. Topics: 1. Common part of the survey for all participating countries: most important problems of the country; intent to emigrate and country of choice; desired occupation for one´s own child; judgement on the job of the president of the country; concerns and desires for the future; assessment of current standard of living and comparison with the situation five years ago and expected future development; judgement on the situation of the country in comparison over time; preference for freedom or social security; attitude to admission of undemocratic parties; attitude to freedom of the press; perceived discrimination against women; attitude to division of labor in raising children; judgement on conduct of the parliamentary representatives and the attitude to democracy in the country (scale); feeling of political effectiveness; internal or external control; achievement orientation; attitude to the national economy; demand for increased environmental protection; desire for foreign support for one´s country; the government as guarantor of equal opportunities and social security; welfare state; necessity of the willingness to compromise in politics; interest in politics at municipal level; diminishing interest in political events; self-assessment as patriot; attitude to securing of peace through military strength; readiness for national defense; necessity of participation of one´s country in world politics; claims to territory in neighboring countries; attitude to restriction on immigration; attitude to use of military for restoration of world order. Religion and morals: importance of prayer and significance of God in one´s own life; doubt in the existence of God; attitude to prohibition of books critical of society and to sex magazines and films; attitude to freedom of speech even for fascists; assessment of the general trustworthiness of people; AIDS as punishment by God; representation of traditional values in the area of family and marriage; attitude to abortion; clear concepts of Good and Evil; perceived intensification of class differences; assessment of personal things in common with uneducated and persons of another race or ethnic affiliation; satisfaction with one´s own financial situation. Demography: party membership; union membership; residential status; city size; religiousness. 2. Additional questions in this survey: judgement on political and economic changes of the last few years; particularly positive and negative changes; attitude to introduction of a multi-party system and introduction of the free market economy; judgement on the speed of transition to the free market economy; assessment of the influence of the media and organizations as well as institutions on the country; assumed influence of foreign nations on one´s country; attitude to selected ethnic groups (Ukrainians, Germans, Jews, Lithuanians and Russians); perceived threat to the nation from within and without; judgement on the effects of social changes on the standard of living, moral concepts, public morals, dealing of people with one another and on the relation of ethnic groups with each another; judgement on the influence of the church; most reliable alliance partner for one´s country; countries from which the greatest threat originates; attitude to Gorbachev, Bush, the Pope, the UN and selected personalities of public life; most important fears; preference for forgetting or calling to account those responsible in the old regime; preference for replacement of key managers of the old regime; attitude to privatization of selected areas of the economy and civil service; attitude to free establishing of prices; acceptance of unemployment or preference for government guarantee of full-employment; attitude to a government-specified profit limitation; attitude to borrowing to finance durable economic goods; occupation within one´s own home; work satisfaction; satisfaction with employer; preference for capitalism or democratic (social) market economy; party preference; judgement on current position of women in comparison to their position in the old regime; preference for national defense in an alliance or with individually concluded peace treaties; judgement on the level of defense expenditures; attitude to export of weapons into third world countries; attitude to advertising (scale); acceptance of advertising in selected media; desired establishing of prices through the market, production costs or government determination; judgement on passage of Soviet troops from Germany through Poland; identification as European; expected withdrawal of Soviet troops from Poland; attitude to the European Community; judgement on selected western name-brand products and company names; attitude to sale of foreign products in one´s own country.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-05-10 / 1991-05-20
Geographic Coverage
  • Poland (PL)
Sampled Universe
The adult population
Sampling Procedure Comment: Representative sample. The sample was a stratified, clustered, area probability sample which was designed and drawn to be representative of the adult population, 18 years of age and older, of Poland. The country was divided into 12 regions, each of which was comprised of 3 to 5 adjacent voivodeships (districts). Each region was further divided into four size of locality categories: 1) Cities of 100,000 or more; 2) Cities of 20,000 to 99,999; 3) Cities under 20,000; and 4) Rural areas, thus creating 48 strata. In the first stage of sampling, Census districts within each strata were selected with probabilities proportional to the size of the population of the strata (based on 1988 Census data). Three hundred and seventy-five Census districts were selected. In the second stage of sampling, one address was randomly selected from within each of the 375 chosen Census districts. Four interviews were conducted in each sampling district; the randomly selected address was the first, after which interviewers were instructed to interview at every 5th house on a designated route from the first selected address. Interviewers were instructed to make two callbacks to households where no one was home at the time of the first contact. At each contacted household interviewers selected a respondent according to who in the household had the most recent birthday, alternating at each house between men and women. Two callbacks were made in cases where the selected respondent was unavailable to be interviewed at the time of the first contact.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1496
The survey described here is part of an investigation in Eastern and Western Europe. Surveys were conducted in Russia (European part), Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Spain, France, Italy, United Kingdom and Lithuania. The data are archived under ZA Study Nos. 2222 to 2233 and 4974. The West German data set is archived under ZA Study No. 2226.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2230 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Times Mirror Center for The People & The Press: The Outlook for Business in the New Europe: An Investigation of Public Attitudes toward Business-Related Issues. Washington, DC: Selbstverlag, 1991.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22