My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: German English

The Pulse of Europe (European Russia)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Kellermann, Donald S. (Times Mirror Center for The People & The Press, Washington, DC)
Publication Date
1992
Contributor
  • Institute of Sociology, Adademy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Religion and values
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social change
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Economic policy
    • Economic systems and development
Description
  • Abstract

    Judgement on current situation in life and political and economic development of the country in times of economic and social upheaval. Topics: 1. Common part of the survey for all participating countries: most important problems of the country; intent to emigrate and country of choice; desired occupation for one´s own child; judgement on the work of the president of the country; fears and desires for the future; assessment of current standard of living and comparison with the situation five years ago and expected future development; judgement on the situation of the country in comparison over time; preference for freedom or social security; attitude to admission of undemocratic parties; attitude to freedom of the press; perceived discrimination against women; attitude to division of labor in raising children; judgement on conduct of parliamentary representatives and attitude to democracy in the country (scale); feeling of political effectiveness; internal or external control; achievement orientation; attitude to the national economy; demand for increased environmental protection; desire for foreign support for one´s country; the government as guarantor of equal opportunities and social security; welfare state; necessity of the willingness to compromise in politics; interest in politics at municipal level; diminishing interest in political events; self-assessment as patriot; attitude to securing of peace through military strength; readiness for national defense; necessity of participation of one´s country in world politics; claims to territory in neighboring countries; attitude to restriction on immigration; attitude to use of military for restoration of world order. Religion and morals: importance of prayer and significance of God in one´s own life; doubt in the existence of God; attitude to prohibition of books critical of society and to sex magazines and films; attitude to freedom of speech even for fascists; assessment of the general trustworthiness of people; AIDS as punishment by God; representation of traditional values in the area of family and marriage; attitude to abortion; clear concepts of Good and Evil; perceived intensification of class differences; assessment of personal things in common with uneducated and with persons of another race or ethnic affiliation; satisfaction with one´s own financial situation. Demography: party membership; union membership; residential status; city size; religiousness. 2. Additional questions in this survey: judgement on political and economic changes of the last few years; particularly positive and negative changes; attitude to introduction of a multi-party system and introduction of the free market economy; judgement on the speed of transition to the free market economy; assessment of the influence of the media and organizations as well as institutions on the country; assumed influence of foreign nations on one´s own country; attitude to selected ethnic groups (Russians, Georgians, Lithuanians, Ukrainians, Jews, Armenians, Azerbaijanis) and people from the asiatic republics; perceived threat to the nation from within and without; judgement on the effects of the social changes on the standard of living, moral concepts, public morals, dealing of the people with one another and on the relation of ethnic groups with each other; judgement on the influence of the church; most reliable alliance partner for one´s country; countries from which the greatest threat originates; attitude to Gorbachev, Bush, the Pope, the UN and selected personalities of public life; attitude to privatization of selected areas of the economy and civil service; attitude to free establishing of prices; acceptance of unemployment or preference for government guarantee of full-employment; attitude to a government-specified profit limitation; attitude to borrowing to finance durable economic goods; occupation within one´s own home; work satisfaction; satisfaction with employer; attitude to founding business with credit financing; judgement on the speed with which democracy is developing in the country; identification with one´s country or the Soviet Union; assessment of the ability of government, army, parties, church and KGB; attitude to a Republic independent of the USSR; most important reasons for desired independence; privileged or disadvantaged republics within the USSR; preferred development of society in the direction of socialism or capitalism; greatest fears of the future; attitude to private property and sale of land by farmers; preference for a democratic government or a strong leadership; attitude to a careful discussion of political controversies; career of the newly successful due to performance or through connections; attribution of failures to society or persons; egoism or social conditions as reasons for inadequate material provision; characterization of one´s own people by means of a list of characteristics; nationality.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-04 / 1991-05
Geographic Coverage
  • USSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (SUHH)
    Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic (European part)
Sampled Universe
The adult population
Sampling
Sampling Procedure Comment: Representative sample. Districts in cities and towns were chosen at random (8 in Moscow, 6 in Donetsk, 5 in Leningrad, 5 in Kiev, 4 in Lugansk, 4 in Volgograd, 3 in Samara, 3 in Kirov, 3 in Gouse-Kchrustanij , 3 in Pskov, 3 in Petrozavodsk, 3 in Vladikavkas and 3 in each of the smaller cities. In each district, the addresses and names were selected at random out of election lists and no fewer than three election stations were taken. The interviewers had the lists of randomly selected respondents with the name, address and year of birth of each respondent given (the age limit on this survey was 80 years). They were also given an additional list which is comprised of additional names which were to be used in case of refusals or long absences of respondents. In case of the absence of a respondent, an interviewer was supposed to come back twice more, and then if a respondent was still unavailable, the interviewer moved on to the next name on the additional list. In small towns and villages with a small number of interviews, the random route procedure was used to select a household and, of the members of that household, the interviewer first applied to a younger man in the family, and in case of his absence, an older woman in the family. The demographic parameters were checked by the field managers according to the quota of distribution of demographic characteristics - gender, age, and urban/rural type of population.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1123
Note
The survey described here is part of an investigation in Eastern and Western Europe. Surveys were conducted in Russia (European part), Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Spain, France, Italy, United Kingdom and Lithuania. The data are archived under ZA Study Nos. 2222 to 2233 and 4974. The West German data set is archived under ZA Study No. 2226.
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2231 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Times Mirror Center for The People & The Press: The Outlook for Business in the New Europe: An Investigation of Public Attitudes toward Business-Related Issues. Washington, DC: Selbstverlag, 1991.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Kellermann, Donald S. (1992): The Pulse of Europe (European Russia). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.2231