International Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality II - ISSP 1992

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • ISSP Research Group
Publication Date
  • Kelley, Jonathan (Australia) (Researcher)
  • Bean, Clive (Australia) (Researcher)
  • Evans, Mariah (Australia) (Researcher)
  • Haller, Max (Austria) (Researcher)
  • Hoellinger, Franz (Austria) (Researcher)
  • Dimova, Lilia (Institute for Trade Union and Social Research, Sofia) (Researcher)
  • Stoyanov, Alexander (Center for the Study of Democracy, Sofia) (Researcher)
  • Kaloyanov, Todor (Center for the Study of Democracy, Sofia) (Researcher)
  • Frizzell, Alan (Carleton University, Ottawa) (Researcher)
  • Mateju, Petr (Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Research Team on Social Stratification, Prague) (Researcher)
  • Rehakova, Blanka (Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Research Team on Social Stratification, Prague) (Researcher)
  • Jowell, Roger (Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Brook, Lindsay (Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Kolosi, Tamás (TARKI, Budapest, Hungary) (Researcher)
  • Calvi, Gabriele (Italy) (Researcher)
  • Gendall, Philip (Massey University, Palmerston North) (Researcher)
  • Cichomski, Bogdan (University of Warsaw) (Researcher)
  • Khakhulina, Ludmilla (Russia) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana) (Researcher)
  • Stebe, Janez (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana) (Researcher)
  • Svallfors, Stefan (University of Umea) (Researcher)
  • Davis, James A. (National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago) (Researcher)
  • Smith, Tom W. (National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago) (Researcher)
  • ZUMA, Mannheim (Researcher)
  • Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung, Universität zu Köln (Researcher)
  • NSD, Bergen, Norway (Researcher)
  • Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Philippines (Researcher)
  • Australia: NSSS, Research School of Social Sciences, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University, in conjunction with Datacol (Data Collector)
  • Austria: Institute Fessl, GfK, Vienna (Data Collector)
  • Czechoslovakia: STEM (Center for empirical studies) (Data Collector)
  • Germany: Infratest, Munich (Data Collector)
  • Infratest Burke, Berlin (Data Collector)
  • Hungary: TARKI, Budapest (Data Collector)
  • Italy: EURISCO (Data Collector)
  • New Zealand: Department of Marketing (Data Collector)
  • Massey University (Data Collector)
  • Norway: Norwegian Social Science Data Services (Data Collector)
  • Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS) (Data Collector)
  • Russia: VCIOM, Moskow (Data Collector)
  • Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: Statistics (Data Collector)
  • USA: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago (Data Collector)
  • Canada: Carleton University, School of Journalism (Data Collector)
  • Bulgaria: no information available (Data Collector)
  • Great Britain: no information available (Data Collector)
  • Poland: no information available (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Social exclusion
    • Social and occupational mobility
    • Income, property and investment/saving
  • Abstract

    Judgement on social justice and social differences in the country. Social prestige of respondent and selected occupations. Topics: Most important prerequisites for personal success in society (scale); attitude to the welfare state and social differences (scale); chances to increase personal standard of living; importance of differentiated payment; higher payment with acceptance of increased responsibility; higher payment as incentive for additional qualification of workers; avoidability of inequality of society; increased income expectation as motive for taking up studies; good profits for entrepreneurs as best prerequisite for increase in general standard of living; insufficient solidarity of the normal population as reason for the persistence of social inequalities; estimate of average annual income of selected occupational groups and information on a justified income for the members of these occupational groups from the point of view of the respondent; judgement on the income differences in the country; reduction of income differences, employment guarantee, guaranteed minimum income and equal opportunities for children of poorer families in university admission as government task; attitude to a reduction of government tasks for those of low income; approval of government support for unemployed; judgement on total taxation for recipients of high, middle and low income; perceived social conflicts in the country; self-classification on a top-bottom scale; social mobility; social origins; education status, responsibility accepted, span of control, family responsibility, good work performance or hard work as most important criteria for establishing work pay; income increase or income reduction of individual income in case of a hypothetical equalization of the total income of the population; personal self-employment and occupation at start of employment; description of current condition of social pyramid as well as assessment of the situation 30 years ago as well as in 30 years; self-classification on a social prestige scale as well as classification of selected occupations; hours worked each week; employment in private or public sector; span of control; company size; personal union membership and membership of spouse; religiousness; self-classification of social class affiliation; party preference; party inclination; residential status; self-classification on a left-right scale; regional origins.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-02 / 1993-07
  • 1993-03 / 1993-07
  • 1993-02 / 1993-03
  • 1993-03-08 / 1993-03-31
  • 1992
  • 1992-10-16 / 1992-11-06
  • 1992-05 / 1992-06
  • 1992-06 / 1992-09
    Great Britain
  • 1992-10
  • 1992
  • 1992-08 / 1992-09
    New Zealand
  • 1992-02-12 / 1992-06-15
  • 1992-11-15 / 1992-12-15
  • 1992
  • 1992-02-26 / 1992-03-19
  • 1992-02
  • 1991-02 / 1991-04
  • 1992-02 / 1992-04
Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Germany (DE)
    West Germany
  • Germany (DE)
    East Germany
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • United States (US)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Czechoslovakia, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (CSHH)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Philippines (PH)
Probability; Sampling Procedure Comment: Various sampling procedures; different according to country, mostly as multi-stage random sample with differing age limits
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
  • Oral or written survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 23903
    Number of Variables: 177
Most investigations were conducted in the course of 1992. Written surveys were conducted in Australia, Canada, Germany, Great Britain, New Zealand, Norway, Russia and Sweden. In the United States the respondents from the General Social Survey of 1991 were interviewed again in writing, some of them also by telephone. Spain: The dataset was not integrated into the international file. For detailed information see under the ZA-study-Nr. 2496.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2310 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 196 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22