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European Election Study 1989 (EES 1989)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Eijk, C. van der, Oppenhuis, E., Schmitt, H.
Publication Date
  • Eijk, C. van der (European Election Study Research Group, Amsterdam) (Researcher)
  • Oppenhuis, Erik (European Election Study Research Group, Amsterdam) (Researcher)
  • Schmitt, Hermann (European Election Study Research Group, Amsterdam) (Researcher)
  • DIMARSO, Bruessel (Data Collector)
  • EMNID, Bielefeld (Data Collector)
  • Gallup Markedsanalyse, Hellerup (Data Collector)
  • Institut de Sondages Lavialle, Issy-Les-Moulineaux (Data Collector)
  • ICAP Hellas, Athen (Data Collector)
  • Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • DOXA, Mailand (Data Collector)
  • ILRES, Luxemburg (Data Collector)
  • INTERGALLUP, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • NORMA, Lissabon (Data Collector)
  • Social Surveys (Gallup Poll), London (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Judgement on parties, attitude to the EC, political attitudes. Collection of variables from three different Eurobarometers. Topics: At all three survey times the following questions were posed: election participation at the last national election and intent to participate in the next national election; behavior at the polls in the last election and party preference; general judgement on the European Parliament and EC Commission; attitude to European unification; judgement on membership of one´s own country in the EC and assessment of advantages for the country from EC membership; regret of a failure of the EC; expectations of the European domestic market; issue relevance; postmaterialism. Demography: age; sex; marital status; number of children (under 15 years old); age at which respondent left school; occupation; last employment; area of business of company; company size; span of control; household income; size of household; respondent is head of household; characteristics of head of household; residential status; self-assessment of social class; city size (subjective, objective); future expectations (general); expected increase in strikes; expected increase in international conflicts; judgement on the economic development of the country and of personal household in the past year; contentment with life (scale); assessment of the quality of life in five years; self-classification on a left-right continuum; political interest and interest in EC policies; frequency of political discussions; personal opinion leadership; satisfaction with democracy; party identification; party membership; union membership; religiousness. Also encoded was: date of interview; time of interview; length of interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; number of persons during the interview. The following questions were posed in only one or two surveys: intent to participate in the European Election 1989; behavior at the polls in the European Election and if appropriate reasons for non-participation in the election; most important reasons for voting decision; national or European reasons for party election; probability for the election of selected parties in the European Election and at national level; interest in the European Election campaign; evaluation of selected sources of information on the European Election; manner of search for information during election campaign; personal attempts to convince other persons of one´s preferred party; frequency of use of television at the time of the election campaign and evaluation of the television election campaign; knowledge about the authority of the European Parliament; judgement on the outcome of the Madrid summit meeting of the European Heads of Government; knowledge about the president of the European Commission; preference for national or party political orientation of the representatives of the EC parliament; preference for national or European decision-making on selected political controversies; attitude to further integration of Europe beyond the European domestic market; national pride; feeling as a European; judgement on European agricultural policy; necessity of EC membership for economic development of one´s own country; perceived EC position of selected national parties; expected effects of the European domestic market; issue ability of the parties; most important national problems and events; classification of selected parties on a left-right continuum; media usage; importance of selected fundamental rights and freedoms; concepts of violence (semantic differential); willingness to participate in selected forms of political protest and demonstrations; attitude to use of government force against demonstrators and strikers; attitude to the idea of democracy; preference for democracy or dictatorship; attitude to social change; judgement on the extent of democratic way of working of the EC; agreement with the national government; preferred government for one´s own country; importance of local, regional, national and European Parliaments and governments; expected development of the personal situation next year; expectation of strikes and security of peace; judgement on economic development in the last year; contentment with life (scale); judgement on personal living conditions.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1988-10 / 1989-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • France (FR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
Sampled Universe
Persons 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 35291
    Number of Variables: 315
The European Election Study 1989 was conducted in three waves as an independently financed survey in the framework of the Eurobarometers. The variables from the Eurobarometers 30, 31 and 31A relevant for European Election analysis were arranged by the Dutch Steinmetz Archive for the European Election Study Research Group. The original data sets are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1715 (Eurobarometer 30), October 1988 to November 1988, 1750 (Eurobarometer 31), March 1989 to April 1989 and 1751 (Eurobarometer 31 A), June 1989 to July 1989.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2320 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Schmitt, Hermann; Mannheimer, Renato (Hrsg.): The European Elections of June 1989. Special issue of The European Journal of Political Research, 19, 1991 Nr. 1

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Eijk, C. van der, Oppenhuis, E., Schmitt, H. (1993): European Election Study 1989 (EES 1989). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.