Youth '92

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Zinnecker, Jürgen (Universität-Gesamthochschule Siegen)
  • Fischer, Arthur (Psydata, Institut für Marktanalysen, Sozial- und Mediaforschung, Frankfurt/M.)
  • Jugendwerk der Deutschen Shell, Hamburg
Other Title
  • Shell Jugendstudie (Alternative Title)
Publication Date
  • Psydata, Institut fuer Marktanalysen, Sozial- und Mediaforschung, Frankfurt/M. (Data Collector)
  • Psydata, Institut fuer Marktforschung und sozialwissenschaftliche Studien GmbH, Berlin (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Family
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Compulsory and pre-school education
    • Leisure, tourism and sport
    • General health
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Youth
    • Housing
  • Abstract

    Life situations, orientations and perspectives for development of young people in united Germany. Topics: Most important changes in the Federal Republic and the GDR since 1989; attitude to unification of the two German nations; visits in the other part of Germany since border opening; interest in life in the other part of Germany; preferred leisure habits; motivation to going to the movies; attitude to selected film genres, musical styles as well as dances; interest in vegetarian nutrition; use of cigarettes and alcohol; characteristics of personal clothing style; self-esteem, irritability and concerns (scale); interest in technology; main focus areas of this interest in technology; orientation on group styles; residential status; size of household and family relation with the members of the household; presence of further housing opportunities; size of available living space; type of bed; age, sex as well as financial support of siblings by parents; length of stay of siblings in parental home; time budget summarized in hours per week for employment, training and further education as well as leisure time; time scales after Zimbardo (orientation on the certain present, hedonist orientation to the present, positive orientation on the past, negative attitude regarding the past); orientations in the future after Cavalli (eigen-strukturiert type, eigen-destrukturiert type, fremd-destrukturiert type); psychological self-characterization of stand on life; ambition to achieve personal goals in life and expected ambition in partner through life; moral orientations after Schwartz and Montada (order and security, power and wealth, freedom, friendship, tradition, change, postmaterialism, unity with nature, beauty, detachment; scales); religiousness and prayer habits; belief in life after death; confidence regarding development of one's own life and the future of society; time range of concepts about personal life; willingness to adapt, orientation to self and self-assertion as orientation patterns for personal life (scales); interest in politics; party inclination; judgement on support for youth by the Federal Government and areas for additional possibilities of support; political alienation (scale); political participation; age on the first day at school; presence of parents on the first day at school and gifts received on this occasion; general judgement on time in elementary school; favorite subjects; children's games and development of orientations as well as interests (social girl games, aggressive boy games, classical education, media usage, cultural activities, technical activities; scales); information on personal age at selected events such as first sexual experiences, first employment, leaving parental home and marriage; drammatic events in one's life; youth-centrism; relationship of young people to adults (scale); self-classification as young person or adult; desired speed of growing up; upper limit for adolescence; transmission of cultural capital (Bordieu): plans and hopes of ambitious parents for a gifted child, school-centered parental home, common leisure time and hobbies of parents and children, use of literature and media selection at home (scale); mutual trust with parents in youth; frequency of performing selected household activities by respondent as well as performance of these activities for respondent by his parents; importance of selected reference persons; exercise of "irrational" and excessive behaviors; presence of friends of both sexes; attitude of circle of friends or reference group to excessive use of alcohol and truancy; belonging to clubs and organizations; age at first menstruation or onset of breaking of voice; age at onset of rapid growth; current height and age at achievement of this height; weight; description of physical development in adolescence in comparison to school friends; body areas that particularly changed in these age phases; amount of monthly pocket-money and further financial sources for livelihood; giving personal income to one's parents; social origins; unemployment in parental home; type of city; type of residential community. Also encoded was: city size; length of interview; form of address; age and sex of interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-06 / 1991-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Young people between the ages of 13 to 29 years
Sampling Procedure Comment: Quota sample according to states, size of municipalities, age group, sex and school education.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 4005
    Number of Variables: 657
The study belongs to the series of Shell Youth Studies. The preceding investigations are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1438, 1439 and 1201.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2323 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Jugendwerk der Deutschen Shell (Hrsg.) Jugend ´92: Lebenslagen, Orientierungen und Entwicklungsperspektiven im vereinigten Deutschland. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, 1992 (vier Bände)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22