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Technology and Work Organization in Mechanical Engineering (NIFA-Panel: 1st Wave 1991)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Ehlich, Hartmut (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Lehner, F. (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Treinen, Heiner (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Schmid, J. (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
Publication Date
  • GfK, Nuremberg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Labour relations/conflict
    • In-job training
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    Company profile, use of computer-aided technologies, personnel structure and qualification in mechanical engineering production. Topics: Use of computer-aided technologies in production and management; most important reasons for not using computer-aided technologies; use of NC/CNC machines; network of computer-aided components and systems of different company functional areas; proportion of mass-production, small-scale and large-scale production as well as one-of-a-kind; rank order of strategies in product planning; most important business and work policy goals; legal status of the company surveyed; area of business affiliation and company size; classification of number of employees in business areas; proportion of turnover of the most important product groups; production of standard products or according to customer specification; proportion of production by the company itself; assessment of future development of the product structure; characterization of various forms of organization and types of production of current product spectrum; capacity load for machines and personnel; characterization of processing of raw materials; out-sourced procedures of product manufacturing; annual turnover; expected turnover development, personnel development as well as intensity of competition and development of demand in the next few years; most important sales market; number of departments and organizational structure as well as hierarchies of the company; participation in public support programs; last-used computer-aided production technology; year of introduction; most important reasons for introduction of the last-introduced computer-aided technology; detailed information on computer-aided technologies and processes used in the company; proportion of computer-aided processing machines in all of production; organization of computer-aided business equipment according to the device principle or object principle; number of employees using computer-aided business equipment; extent of machine operators or activities conducted by computer-aided business equipment in the individual work processes; bundling of task distribution; extent of self-determination of machine operators; use of multi-machine systems and number of employees in this area; detailed information on number of employees in production areas and their degree of qualification; change of number of employees in the last year; arrangement of working hours; personnel problems in various groups of colleagues; measures against personnel shortages; conducting company measures for further education; number of participants and degree of qualification of participants in such qualification measures; attitude to company qualification measures (scale); group work in the area of production; size of such teams; composition of these teams according to qualified employees; tasks taken on by these teams; conventional or computer-aided production technologies with these teams; firm assignment of employees to teams; general characterization of such teams; number of hierarchy levels between machine operators and management; most important personnel policy goals (scale).
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-09 / 1992-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
Sample of mechanical engineering companies with at least 20 employees and company production facilities
Collection Mode
  • Written survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2553
    Number of Variables: 358
The study is part of a panel survey (NIFA-Panel) archived under ZA Study Nos. 2442 to 2445. The survey took place in the old states. A survey of works councils in companies of this area of business is archived under ZA Study No. 3101.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2442 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Rogalski, Wolfgang; Hauptmanns, Peter: Technik und Arbeitsorganisation im Maschinenbau: Neue Informationstechnologien und flexible Arbeitssysteme (NIFA-Panel). In: ZA-Information 33, 1993, S. 115-127.
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Maschinenbau in den neunziger Jahren: Kontinuität und Wandel einer Branche. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag 2000.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Widmaier, Ulrich; Ehlich, Hartmut; Lehner, F.; Treinen, Heiner; Schmid, J. (1993): Technik und Arbeitsorganisation im Maschinenbau (NIFA-Panel: 1. Welle 1991). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.