Technology and Work Organization in Mechanical Engineering (NIFA-Panel: 2nd Wave 1992)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Ehlich, Hartmut (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Lehner, F. (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Treinen, Heiner (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Schmid, J. (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
Publication Date
  • GfK, Nuremberg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Labour relations/conflict
    • In-job training
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    Company profile, product structure, use of technology in the company, qualification, personnel structure, production structure. Use of computer-aided technologies and conventional technologies in mechanical engineering. Topics: Company profile: individual companies; cooperation with other companies; area of business affiliation; company production and out-sourced processes in product manufacturing; expected turnover development, personnel development, intensity of competition and demand development in the next few years; number of departments, organizational structure and hierarchies of the company; turnover. Product structure: proportion of business of the most important product groups; production of standard products or production according to customer specification; new introduction of innovative products or further development of current products; introduction of new materials in production; assessment of future development of the product structure. Technology use in the company: use of computer-aided technologies in production and management; use of NC/CNC machines, CAD and DNC systems; use of computer-aided work planning and programming (CAP) as well as computer-aided quality control (CAQ); use of computer-aided inventory systems, control systems and production planning systems (PPS) as well as use of company expert systems; proportion of computer-aided processing machines; network of computer-aided systems in different company function areas. Personnel structure: information on number of employees and degree of qualification in the different production areas; change of number of employees in the last year. Production structure: proportion of mass-production, small-scale and large-scale production as well as one-of-a-kind; proportion of production by the company itself; full utilization of machines and personnel; characterization of various forms of organization and types of production; group work in the area of production; size and composition of the teams; tasks taken on by the teams; organization structure and general characterization of teams. Computer-aided and conventional technologies in production: number of employees in the area of computer-aided processing technologies; extent of machine operators with activities conducted with computer-aided as well as conventional business equipment in the individual work processes; bundling task distribution; extent of self-determination of machine operators; characterization of technology equipment of production in the company between use of purely conventional to exclusively computer-aided machines. Qualification: conducting company measures for further education; satisfaction with internal and external suppliers of qualification measures; company responsibility for selection of qualification measure as well as selection of participants admitted; number of participants and degree of qualification of employees in such qualification measures; most important criteria in selection of measures for further education; measures for further education in connection with innovations in producton; start of qualification measures before or during indroduction of an innovation.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1992-09 / 1993-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG incl. West Berlin
Sampled Universe
Sample of mechanical engineering companies with at least 20 employees and company production facilities
Collection Mode
  • Written survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1707
    Number of Variables: 258
The study is part of a panel survey (NIFA-Panel) archived under ZA Study Nos. 2442 to 2445. The survey took place in the old states. A survey of works councils in companies of this area of business is archived under ZA Study No. 3101.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2443 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Rogalski, Wolfgang; Hauptmanns, Peter: Technik und Arbeitsorganisation im Maschinenbau: Neue Informationstechnologien und flexible Arbeitssysteme (NIFA-Panel). In: ZA-Information 33, 1993, S. 115-127.
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Maschinenbau in den neunziger Jahren: Kontinuität und Wandel einer Branche. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag 2000.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 245 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22