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International Social Survey Programme: Environment I - ISSP 1993

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • ISSP Research Group
Publication Date
  • Kelley, Jonathan (Australia) (Researcher)
  • Bean, Clive (Australia) (Researcher)
  • Evans, Mariah (Australia) (Researcher)
  • Dimova, Lilia (Institute for Trade Union and Social Research, Sofia, Bulgaria) (Researcher)
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. (ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany (East/West)) (Researcher)
  • Jowell, Roger (Northern Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Brook, Lindsay (Northern Irland) (Researcher)
  • Dowds, Lizanne (Northern Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Ahrendt, Daphne (Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Kolosi, Tamás (TARKI, Budapest, Hungary) (Researcher)
  • Yuchtmann-Yaar, Eppie (Israel) (Researcher)
  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah (Israel) (Researcher)
  • Tsuji, Tomohiro (Japan) (Researcher)
  • Becker, Jos (SCP-Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau Fieldwork: NIPO, Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Gendall, Philip (Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand) (Researcher)
  • Cichomski, Bogdan (Institute for Social Studies, University of Warsaw, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Khakhulina, Ludmila (Russia) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Diez-Nicolás, Juan (A.S.E.P. (Analisis Sociologicos Economicos y Politicos), Spain) (Researcher)
  • Davis, James A. (National Opinion Research Center (NORC), USA) (Researcher)
  • Smith, Tom W. (National Opinion Research Center (NORC), USA) (Researcher)
  • Carleton University Survey Centre, Canada (Researcher)
  • Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic (Researcher)
  • Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung, Universität zu Köln (Researcher)
  • Social Science Research Center UCD, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland (Researcher)
  • Eurisko, Italy (Researcher)
  • NSD, Bergen, Norway (Researcher)
  • Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Philippines (Researcher)
  • ISSS/A, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, in conjunction with Datacol, Australia (Data Collector)
  • GFM-GETAS, Hamburg, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Department of Marketing, Massey University, New Zealand (Data Collector)
  • Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway (Data Collector)
  • Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Philippines (Data Collector)
  • Center of Field Research (ORBS) at the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Science, Poland (Data Collector)
  • VCIOM, Moskow, Russia (Data Collector)
  • Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago, USA (Data Collector)
  • Field-force of the Agency for Social Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • Policy and Planing Research Unit (PPRU), Belfast, Northern Ireland (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Religion and values
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Natural environment
    • Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • Abstract

    Attitude to environmental protection. Preferred government measures for environmental protection. Topics: Obedience or self-determination as most important education goal; private entrepreneurs as best possibility to solve economic problems; responsibility of the government to reduce income differences among the citizens; postmaterialism index; perceived belief in science of the population; attitude to modern science (scale); expected solution of environmental protection problems through science; too many concerns for the future of the environment in comparison to prices and provision of jobs; environmental destruction and modern life; equal rights for animals and people; respect for nature as creation of God; belief in God; exaggerated environmental sensitivity; judgement on the contrast of environmental protection and economic growth; attitude to animal experiments in pharmacology; nature as struggle for survival; economic growth endangers the environment; readiness for higher prices or higher taxes or to accept reductions in standard of living for the benefit of protection of the environment; personal difficulties in participation in environmental protection; self-classification of participation in environmental protection; knowledge about manner of functioning of antibiotics as destructive agent for bacteria or virus; belief in astrology; understanding the theory of evolution; artificially produced chemicals as cause for cancer; humans as party responsible for radioactivity; knowledge of the danger of death from radioactivity; knowledge about the dangers of radioactive waste from nuclear power plants; knowledge about the cause for the greenhouse effect; pesticides and chemicals in the production of food as causes for cancer; humans as cause for extinction of animals and plants; cars and air pollution; expected increase of illnesses in large cities as result of air pollution; classification of nuclear power plants, air pollution from industrial waste gases, pesticides and chemicals in agriculture, water pollution and warming of the atmosphere through the greenhouse effect as dangerous for the environment on the one hand as well as for the respondent and his family on the other; preference for regulation of environmental problems by the government, the population or the economy; personal participation in recycling; purchase of untreated fruits; frequency of doing without meat for moral and environmental reasons; frequency of not using the car for environmental reasons; membership in an environmental protection organization; personal environmental political activities through participation in signature lists, donations as well as participation in demonstrations; social origins; employment in the public sector; time worked each week; span of control; company size; personal unemployment in the last few years and length of this unemployment; religiousness; self-assessment of social class; union membership; party preference; party inclination; housing situation and residential status; in some countries: ethnic affiliation of respondent. The following questions were also posed in Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Ireland and the Netherlands: city size and residential situation; characterization of heating costs as a bill clearly assigned or divided by the number of renters; energy conservation habits with heating and power consumption; water bill dependent on use; expected shortage of oil or gas as well as a clear rise in temperatures through the greenhouse effect in the next 20 years; advertising campaigns, energy taxes, subsidies for improved insulation of buildings, rationing of permitted energy use for a household as most reasonable measure of the government to reduce use of energy; frequency per week of use of motor vehicle; one or more vehicles in possession of household; personal participation in purchase decision for a motor vehicle in the last five years; environmentally compatible as criterion in purchase decision; commuting times and motor vehicle used on the way to work; alternative forms of transport in case one´s car is defective; most important transport device for shopping; classification of personal effort in doing without a vehicle; expected development of traffic noise in the next few years; preferred government measures to reduce traffic: advertising campaigns, continual increase in gasoline taxes, environmental taxes on private vehicles or rationing gasoline for private individuals; packaging as criterion in the purchase of products; personal decision against purchase of a product with excessive packaging; regular collection of recyclable materials at residence of respondent; perceived shortage of garbage disposal sites or garbage incinerating plants in the future; advertising campaigns, garbage collection fees dependent on amount or regulations to reduce packaging as preferred government measure to reduce domestic refuse; the significance of environmental symbols in purchase decision; advertising campaigns, environmental tax or restrictive laws as preferred government measure for environmental protection; self-classification of environmental friendliness; preference for national or European responsibility for environmental protection; assessment of the environmental friendliness of one´s own country in comparison to the other countries of the European Community; adoption of national environmental laws only under the condition that all EC member countries enact the same laws. The following questions were also posed in Australia, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Philippines, Israel and Spain: judgement on the power of the trade unions in the country; significance of trade unions for the society of the country.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1992-11 / 1994-10
Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG (East and West sample)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • United States (US)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Philippines (PH)
Sampled Universe
Various age cut-offs; different according to country
Probability; Sampling Procedure Comment: Various sampling procedures; different according to country, mostly as multi-stage random sample with differing age limits
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
  • Oral or written survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 28301
    Number of Variables: 419
Written surveys were conducted in Australia, Canada, Germany, Great Britain (in part), New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Poland (in part) and USA.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2450 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 194 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

ISSP Research Group (1995): International Social Survey Programme: Environment I - ISSP 1993. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.