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Values and Elections in Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia 1992-1993

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung)
Publication Date
  • Estonian Institute of Eastern Europe, Talinn, Estland (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Religion and values
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Language and linguistics
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Social stratification and groupings
  • Abstract

    Moral orientations and questions on the political system. Topics: Belonging to an ethnic minority; importance of areas of life; interest in politics; general trust in other people; earlier and current memberships as well as paid or unpaid participation in organizations; party preference; preference for individual interests or for development of society, the nation as well as of collectives; reference person or reference groups for personal conduct; preference for freedom or equality; self-classification on a left-right continuum; geographic identity of respondent; relations with neighbors; judgement on financial situation in comparison to neighbors; ethnic affiliation; dialect at home as well as at work; knowledge of foreign languages; language knowledge relative to minority or majority of the country; foreign languages currently learned; participation in social life; reading newspapers and interest in political articles; interest in TV news programs; trust in selected political and social institutions; trust in the government; government as representation of interests of the people; postmaterialism; preference for economic growth or employment guarantee; assumed trust of the population in a better future; forms of political participation; attitude to selection of personnel by company owner; judgement on the speed of political and social changes in the country; satisfaction with democracy; personal impact of illegal confiscation of property and real estate by the Soviet government; restitution claims raised; motives for a trip abroad; intent to emigrate; reasons and destination country of emigration; participation in the last elections and reasons for voting for a specific candidate; discussion of the voting decision in one's family; name of candidate voted for; satisfaction with elected candidate; classification of the election as democratic; most important reference persons (social network); frequency of contact and frequency of political discussions with these persons; assumed behavior at the polls of reference persons in the impending presidential election; opinion leadership or opinion allegiance in political questions; political differences with social surroundings; degree of relationship with persons named from the social network; education and occupational position of these person; issue ability of parties and election organizations; readiness of respondent to give information about his behavior at the polls; participation in earlier elections and intent to participate in future elections; reasons for non-participation in the election; self-classification of extent to which informed about the new election system and the voter lists; most important source of information about the new election system; classification of the trustworthiness of selected sources of information about election candidates; party preference; election precinct of respondent; preferred candidate for the constituency or the presidential election; most important reasons for voting decision; extent of discussions about voting decision with family members, friends, colleagues and club members; agreement of one's own voting decision with assumed voting decisions of spouse, parents as well as children; certainty of one's voting decision and intent to participate in the next election; personal participation in the election campaign; date of birth; regional origins. Also encoded was: language in which the questionnaire was written.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1992-09 / 1993-05
    Estonia September 1992 Lithuania October 1992 Latvia May 1993
Geographic Coverage
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Estonia (EE)
Sampled Universe
The population 18 years old and older including ethnic minorities
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3077
    Number of Variables: 521
Further election studies of the project ´Founding Elections in Eastern Europe´ (H.-D. Klingemann, Science Center Berlin, WZB; supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation) are archived under Study Nos.: 2465-2469, 2485-2488, 2560-2562, 2811-2819, 2901-2912, 3053-3057, 3175-3176 and 3631-3633. Comparable election studies from Eastern Europe are archived under ZA Study Nos.: 3123-3126, 3215-3218, 3527-3530, 3631-3633, 3888-3893.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2465 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Klingemann, H.-D.; Lass, J.; Mattusch, K.: Ethnic conflict and political integration: Value orientation and political participation in the Baltic States. Unveröffentlichtes Papier, 1993.
  • Mattusch, Katrin: Demokratisierung und politische Kultur im Baltikum. Über die Begrenzung von Demokratiesierungschancen durch politische Kulturen, 1993.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-18 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (1994): Values and Elections in Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia 1992-1993. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.