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Hungarian 1990 Pre-Election Survey

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung)
  • Bokor, Agnes (Hungarian Public Opinion Research Institute, Budapest)
  • Biro, Lajos (Hungarian Public Opinion Research Institute, Budapest)
  • Karajannisz, Karajannisz (Hungarian Public Opinion Research Institute, Budapest)
Other Title
  • Magyar 1990-es valasztasok elotti felmeres (Original Title)
Publication Date
  • Hungarian Public Opinion Research Institute, Budapest (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Gender and gender roles
  • Abstract

    Criteria in the election of politicians. Preferred parties and judgement on the election campaign. Topics: City size; proportion of employees in industry as well as in the agricultural area; political interest; frequency of reading newspapers and frequency of watching and listening to election broadcasts on television as well as radio; party with favorite election broadcast; expected influence of the election campaign on voting decision of respondent as well as on the decision of the population in general; knowledge of election predictions; personal intent to participate in the election and estimated general election turnout; point in time and certainty of one´s voting decision; expected election winner; party preference; parties one can still vote for; classification of the certainty with which one would vote for or reject the parties in the election; the significance of party leader, party name, decision of family or friends, party promises, popularity of party, local party leaders, election posters as well as election campaign on one´s own voting decision; most active party at place of residence; favorite party in social surroundings; party, about which one has spoken the most with friends; candidate election or party election; preferred election candidate; most important aspects in the decision for an election candidate; preferred characteristics of an election candidate such as e.g. sex, age, religious affiliation, education, title, independence, membership in a large party, place of birth, place of residence, marital status as well as occupation of election candidate; preference for worker or employee, experienced politicians, well-known or popular local or national candidates; preference for an election candidate currently a member of parliament; expected improvements for the country after the election; coalition preference or preference for one-party government of one party; expected governing party; sympathy scale for top politicans of the parties; knowledge about party affiliation of selected politicians; participation of respondent in the November referendum; behavior at the polls of respondent in the referendum regarding the question of the presidency; characterization of the police of the country (scale); trust in representatives of selected occupations depending on their sex; sex roles in household and politics; comparison of popularity of men and women as politicians; attitude to more women in politics; social origins; range of control; party membership; interest in membership; preferred party for party membership.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-03
Geographic Coverage
  • Hungary (HU)
Sampled Universe
Persons 18 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1000
    Number of Variables: 167
Further election studies of the project "Founding Elections in Eastern Europe" (H.-D. Klingemann, Science Center Berlin, WZB; supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation) are archived under Study Nos.: 2465-2469, 2485-2488, 2560-2562, 2811-2819, 2901-2912, 3053-3057, 3175-3176 and 3631-3633. Comparable election studies from Eastern Europe are archived under ZA Study Nos.: 3123-3126, 3215-3218, 3527-3530, 3631-3633, 3888-3893.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2485 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Toka, Gabor (Hrsg.): The 1990 Election to the Hungarian National Assembly; Analyses, Documents and Data. Berlin: Ed. Sigma 1995

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Klingemann, Hans-Dieter; Bokor, Agnes; Biro, Lajos; Karajannisz, Karajannisz (1994): Hungarian 1990 Pre-Election Survey. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.