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Hungarian 1990 Post-Election Survey

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Kolosi, Tamás (Social Research Informatics Center (TARKI), Budapest)
  • Robert, Peter (Social Research Informatics Center (TARKI), Budapest)
Other Title
  • Magyar 1990-es valasztasok utani felmeres (Original Title)
Publication Date
  • T. Kolosi, P. Robert, Social Research Informatics Center (TARKI), Budapest (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic policy
  • Abstract

    Attitudes to democracy and judgement on social and political relationships after the parliament election in Hungary. Behavior at the polls. Topics: Social origins; religious affiliation; employment in the agricultural or industrial sector; earlier membership in the Socialist Workers' Party; index of material standard of living; marital status; school instruction, occupational status and employment position of spouse; description of the municipality by means of identification numbers about education status and most important employment branches of residents; city size and development of number of residents; occupational position and Treiman Prestige Score; Hungarian Prestige Score; superior function and range of control; hours worked each week in primary employment and additional employment times; autonomy in structuring course of work; frequency with which respondent is addressed as superior; decision-making responsibility; personal income and income of spouse; total family income; religiousness; following one's conscience or obeying the law; attitude to forms of democratic conduct, political protest and civil disobedience; attitude to freedom of the press; attitude to democratic rights, even for racists; attitude to police surveillance, surveillance of telephone and mail as well as taking suspicious criminals into custody; attitude to the principle "in doubt for the accused"; general attitude regarding demonstrators, revolutionaries and racists; attitude to increased taxation of the rich; preferred measures of the government to support the economy such as e.g. wage and price controls, expenditure reduction, job creation measures, deregulation measures, subsidies and reduction of time worked each week; attitude to increased expenditures of the government for environmental protection, the public health system, the police, for the school system, the military, pensions, for unemployment benefits and for culture; preference for unemployment or inflation; assessment of the power of the trade union, industry and the government in the country; importance of trade unions; responsibility of the government for full employment, fighting inflation, the public health system, pensions, industrial growth, unemployment benefits and housing supply; postmaterialism index (short form and long form); comparison of the new government with the old one regarding its expertise, political orientation, moral integrity and better representation of the population; preference for detailed debates or rapid decisions by government and parliament; participation of respondent in the first election round on 25. March and in second election round on 8. April; behavior at the polls; party election or candidate election; most important influences on one's own voting decision; voting for the same candidates in second election round; reason for changed behavior at the polls; party preference (Sunday question); attitude to privatization of national property; attitude to privatization of the business of one's own employer; attitude to sale to foreign companies; attitude to reprivatization of land; privatized social system for Hungary; personal income from private undertakings; preferred role of the government in electricity provision, in the steel industry as well as with banks and insurance companies; anomy scale after Schaar-McClosky; political interest and frequency of political discussions with friends.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-05
Geographic Coverage
  • Hungary (HU)
Sampled Universe
Persons over 18 years
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 981
    Number of Variables: 174
On the elections in Hungary 1990 there are three further studies available. These are archived under ZA Study Nos. 2485, 2487 and 2488. Further election studies of the project "Founding Elections in Eastern Europe" (H.-D. Klingemann, Science Center Berlin, WZB; supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation) are archived under Study Nos.: 2465-2469, 2485-2488, 2560-2562, 2811-2819, 2901-2912, 3053-3057, 3175-3176 and 3631-3633. Comparable election studies from Eastern Europe are archived under ZA Study Nos.: 3123-3126, 3215-3218, 3527-3530, 3631-3633, 3888-3893.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2486 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Toka, Gabor (Hrsg.): The 1990 Election to the Hungarian National Assembly; Analyses, Documents and Data. Berlin: Ed. Sigma 1995

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Klingemann, Hans-Dieter; Kolosi, Tamás; Robert, Peter (1994): Hungarian 1990 Post-Election Survey. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.