Times Series to the German Forest and Wood Management: Companies, Wooded Areas, Logging, Forest Fires, Point Balance of Wood and Foreign Trade Balance (1946-2010)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Franzmann, Gabriele
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The Study’s subject: Forestry is besides the Agriculture one of the most important form of land use by area. Wood harvest indicates the intensity of use of forestal products. Data of wood harvest are the basis for the analysis of forestry profitability. The lumber industry is the forestry’s most important income source, therefore the harvested lumber is sorted in different intended use groups and assessed by a statistical classification. Another important task of forestry is the maintenance of the forest. In this way a fundamental contribution to the care and conservation of the agricultural landscape is made by forestry. These requirements for the forestry should be described by selected statistical indexes and parameters, supplying information about - the forestry entrepreneurs and forestry area, - the development of wood harvest and therefore the intensity of forest use, - the usage of wood as lumber for industry , - damages of the forest by forest fires, - finally, the total balance-sheet of forestry and foreign trade balance of wood. The description of forest enterprises, forestry areas, and logging is made according to the type of tenure in forestry. There are the following three types of tenure: (a) State Forest (Forest owned by the single federal German States, Forest Trust and the National Forest owned by the German federal government) (b) corporate forest (c) private forest (a) State Forest: This forests are designated as state-owned National Forest. The forest owned by the Federal Republic of Germany, although the state forest, usually referred to as the Federal Forestry. The forests owned by the state are supervised by the Federal Forest Service. The National Forest covers 3.7 percent of the forested area and is located mainly in military used areas and along federal waterways and highways. Federal forests therefore are usually subject of a special purpose. The forests owned by the German federal states predominantly stems from former properties of landlords or sovereigns that in the context of the Enlightenment was transformed from private possession of the former ruling families into state ownership. Another case is ecclesiastical possessions which became state ownership by expropriation under the secularization beginning of the 19th century. (b) Corporate Forest: This forest areas are according to §3 paragraph 3 of the National Forest Act owned by public corporations as for example communities or towns (often called as ‘Kommunalwald’ (= corporate forests), Stadtwald (= urban woodland or city forest), ‘Gemeindewald’ (= communal forests) ). (c) Private forest: Private forests are possessions of natural, legal persons, or business partnerships. In Germany, the area of private woods is around 47% of the total forest area, and therefore this form of forest ownership has the highest proportion of all forms of ownership in Germany. The study’s aim: The aim was the compilation of long time series on the basis of the publications of official statistics. An attempts has been made to cover a period from the start of official statistics from 1871 until to the present in 2010 with statistical parameters of German forestry. For the period of the German Empire (1871 – 1938/39) especially for forest enterprises and for forest areas time series date could be collected from the issues of the statistical yearbook of the German Empire. In the case of the former German Democratic Republic (between 1945-1989) which is since 1990 the area of the new Länder (Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia), no information for forestry companies and their forest areas could be found in the publications of official statistics former GDR. In this case the reporting period starts in 1990, the period of time after the German reunification. In the case of logging statistics and usage of wood, however, statistical information for the former GDR was available and could be included into this compilation. The values for total wood balance, and foreign trade balance for timber again refers to the territory of the former Federal Republic of Germany and within the borders of 3rd October 1990. The following topics are covered by the data: A) farms and forest land in total and by ownership (state forest, corporate and community forestry, private forestry); B) logging (logging =) by types of trees and forms of ownership; C) damage caused by forest fires; D) total wood balance and foreign trade balance for wood.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1946 / 2010
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 64
    Number of Variables: 249
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8548 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Franzmann, Gabriele (2012): Zeitreihen zur deutschen Forst- und Holzwirtschaft: Betriebe und Forstflächen, Holzeinschlag, Waldbrände, Gesamtholzbilanz und Aussenhandelsbilanz für Holz (1946 – 2010). GESIS-Datenkompilation. [Siehe auch die Angaben zu den verwendeten Quellen in der Zeile ‚Quelle‘ der Datentabellen.]

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 17 | Registration Date: 2014-12-05