Studies on the fluctuations in income in Germany from 1879 to 1913.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Institut für Konjunkturforschung
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The aim of this study was to show inductively by the income tax development of Prussia (1893 to 1913), Saxony (1879 to 1913), Württemberg (1904 to 1913) and Baden (1885 to 1911) which fluctuations had impact on income and economic activity of the prewar period. In those four hugest countries there was a consistent income taxation over a long period and the results of these taxation were published in a usable form. This is the first try to show the impact of economic cycles on income by changes in income itself with the help of short term business statistics. The focus of study is on the total income as well as on the labor income and the company income. For the total income the sum of all personal incomes was taken into account. Here the sum of gross incomes was used, unlike in the national income calculation, where doubled numbers are not taken into account. Therefor the amounts of total income in this survey in the certain countries have not the meaning of a national income. These amounts are series of numbers which show the economic fluctuations in the sum of all personal incomes. The concept of labor income has been applied in the broadest sense of the word. It is not restricted to the workers or wage income, but rather includes in accordance with tax conceptualization of the total income from of economic activity by employees. In the process of work on this study the term of workers wage (income over 3000 Mark from profitable employment) has been extended to the concept of small income. After this extension also incomes under 3000 Mark were considered. The income from commercial enterprises takes into account first the income of natural persons from business operations and beyond the income of the acquiring companies, which is no income in sense of tax but in an economic sense. In the underlying investigation period in the most important industry groups social forms of enterprises became more and more important compared to private individual enterprises. Some difficulties for the presentation and analysis of the economic cycles emerged from the income tax statistics. Due to the differences in tax law and the structure of the statistics of the certain countries the results of the country specific surveys are not simply comparable. Data tables in HISTAT A.01 Income development in Prussia (1893-1913) A.02 Income development in Saxony (1879-1913) A.03 Income development in Württemberg (1904 - 1913) A.04 Income development in Baden (1885 - 1911)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1879 / 1913
Geographic Coverage
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 26
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8588 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Institut für Konjunkturforschung, 1928: Untersuchungen über die Einkommensschwankungen in der Vorkriegszeit, in: Vierteljahrshefte zur Konjunkturforschung, 2. Jg., 1927, Ergänzungsheft 3. Berlin: Reimar Hobbing, S. 29 – 37.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2014-12-05