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The ifo Prussian Economic History Database (iPEHD)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Becker, Sascha O. (University of Warwick, Department of Economics)
  • Cinnirella, Francesco (Ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München, Zentrum für Bildungsökonomik.)
  • Hornung, Erik (Ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München, Zentrum für Bildungsökonomik.)
  • Wößmann, Ludger (Ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München. Leiter des ifo Zentrums für Bildungsökonomik.)
Publication Date
2014-12-16
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
Description
  • Abstract

    The ifo Prussian Economic History Database (iPEHD) is a county-level database covering a rich collection of variables for all counties of Prussia during the 19th century. The Royal Prussian Statistical Office collected these data in a number of censuses over the period 1816-1901, with much county-level information surviving in the archives. These data provide a unique treasure for unprecedented micro-regional empirical research in economic history, analyzing the importance of such factors as education, religion, fertility, and many others for the economic development of Prussia in the 19th century. The service of iPEHD is to provide the data in a digitized and structured way. iPEHD starts with the population census in 1816, which is the first full-scale census released by the Royal Prussian Statistical Office, which had been founded in 1805. The 1816 census covers the 308 Prussian counties at the time. Further extensive census data are available in 1849, 1864, 1871, and 1882, but – as indicated in the following table – many more detailed data were collected in additional years. As the number of counties grew over time, by 1901 the data cover 574 Prussian counties. In total, iPEHD contains more than 1,500 variables and more than half a million data points, all at the county level. These data are drawn from a total of 15 original sources, many of which consist of several volumes. One of the biggest challenges when analyzing historical data is to ensure comparability over time, where the dimension of the units of observation has to be comparable. Our service facilitates the analysis of data at the county level, holding the administrative boundaries fixed. iPEHD stores its data in comma-separated values (csv) format. The raw data are categorized by eight content areas and can be accessed in the raw data section. The codebook section provides information on the names, definitions, labels, and sources for each variable contained in iPEHD.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1816 / 1901
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
    Prussia in the borders of 1816, 1819, 1821, 1829, 1849, 1858, 1862, 1864 und 1866.
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
    Prussia in the borders of 1871, 1878, 1882, 1886, 1892, 1896 und 1901.
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 1500
Availability
Delivery
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8484 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Becker, Sascha O., Francesco Cinnirella und Ludger Woessmann, "The Trade-off between Fertility and Education: Evidence from before the Demographic Transition", Journal of Economic Growth 15 (3), 2010, 177-204, Working paper version available as: CESifo Working Paper 2775
  • Becker, Sascha O., Erik Hornung und Ludger Woessmann, "Education and Catch-up in the Industrial Revolution", American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 3 (3), 2011, 92–126, Working paper version available as: CESifo Working Paper 2816
  • Becker, Sascha O. und Ludger Woessmann, "The Effect of Protestantism on Education before the Industrialization: Evidence from 1816 Prussia", Economics Letters 34 (2), 2010, 133–147, Working paper version available as: CESifo Working Paper 2910
  • Becker, Sascha O., Francesco Cinnirella und Ludger Woessmann, "The Effect of Investment in Children’s Education on Fertility in 1816 Prussia", Cliometrica 6 (1), 2012, 29-44, Information, Working paper version available as: CESifo Working Paper 3252
  • Cinnirella, Francesco und Erik Hornung, "Landownership Concentration and the Expansion of Education", CESifo Working Paper No. 3603, September 2011
  • Becker, Sascha O., Francesco Cinnirella und Ludger Woessmann, "Does Women’s Education Affect Fertility? Evidence from Pre-Demographic Transition Prussia", European Review of Economic History 17 (1), 2013, 24-44, Information, Working paper version available as: CESifo Working Paper 3430
  • Becker, Sascha O. und Ludger Woessmann, "Not the Opium of the People: Income and Secularization in a Panel of Prussian Counties", CESifo Working Paper No. 4115, February 2013
  • Becker, Sascha O., Francesco Cinnirella, Erik Hornung und Ludger Woessmann, "iPEHD - The ifo Prussian Economic History Database", 2014, Historical Methods 47(2): 57-66. Also available as: CESifo Working Paper No. 3904.
  • Becker, Sascha O. und Ludger Woessmann, "Was Weber Wrong? A Human Capital Theory of Protestant Economic History", Quarterly Journal of Economics 124 (2), 2009, 531–596, Working paper version available as: CESifo Working Paper 1987

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2014-12-16

Becker, Sascha O.; Cinnirella, Francesco; Hornung, Erik; Wößmann, Ludger (2014): Die ifo Datenbank Preußische Wirtschaftsgeschichte (iPEHD). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12140