IWH FDI Micro Database - Survey of multinational affiliates in East Germany and selected Transition Economies (2011)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Günther, Jutta (Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH), Halle)
Publication Date
  • Infas, Bonn (Data Collector)
  • Zentrum für Sozialforschung Halle (zsh), Halle (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Economic Systems
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Linking of production and technologies from the perspective of Eastern European/Eastern German companies. Topics: 1. Foreign investor: year of entry of the foreign investor into the enterprise (before 2000, 2000 or later); initial entry mode of the foreign investor; assessment of selected strategic motives of the foreign investor for participation in the enterprise (e.g. accessing a new foreign market, accessing location-bound natural resources, accessing location-bound knowledge and technology, cost advantages, etc.); own enterprise vs. foreign investor as exclusive or primary decision-making level in various business functions (e.g. finance and investment, strategic management, etc.). 2. Research, development and innovation in the enterprise from 2009 to 2011: expenditures for external R&D services 2009 to 2011; potential financial sources used to fund intra-mural R&D (e.g. the enterprise itself, the foreign investor´s headquarters, subsidiaries of the enterprise, competitors, foreign and domestic research institutions, etc.); number of R&D employees; the enterprise´s expenditure on R&D services by another entity, firm or organization in the last three years; partners commissioned by the enterprise to carry out external R&D services in the period 2009 to 2011. 3. Innovations: New or significantly improved products introduced or significantly improved by the Company within the last three years; development of these new and improved products; estimated share of products newly introduced or significantly improved in the years 2009 to 2011 of total Company sales in 2011; new or significantly improved production or delivery method(s), 2009 to 2011; development of these new or improved production or delivery methods; new or significantly improved organizational method(s) and distribution methods, 2009 to 2011. 4. Dissemination of research and development and innovation: importance of different sources of access to relevant knowledge for R&D and innovation in the enterprise (access to public and open information, acquisition of external knowledge (e.g. licenses or R&D services), cooperation with other units of the group, external companies or organizations); importance of potential cooperation partners as a source of relevant knowledge on research and development and innovation within the enterprise; measures taken by the enterprise or the group to protect intellectual property resulting from R&D and/or innovation(s) from 2009 to 2011; importance of methods used by the enterprise to protect intellectual property (z.B. Patent applications, registration of trademarks, copyrights, etc.); sharing knowledge with other business units or external companies as input for their R&D and innovation 2009 to 2011; sharing knowledge free of charge, for a fee or in exchange for something of value; free sharing of knowledge with e.g. other units of the foreign investor´s group of companies in the country, external suppliers in the country and abroad, etc.). 5. Relationship with customers and suppliers: estimated percentage of total enterprise sales accounted for by different buyers in 2011 (e.g. headquarters or other foreign investor units abroad, external foreign buyers, etc.); estimated percentage of total deliveries by different suppliers and inputs of the enterprise in 2011; assessment of the complexity of product specifications of external domestic enterprises; measures initiated by the enterprise by external domestic companies between 2009 and 2011 (increase in the production volume of existing goods or services, introduction of new or significantly improved products, introduction of new or significantly improved production or delivery methods). Additionally coded was: ID; country of registered office; region of the enterprise in East Germany; information on the investor for companies in East Germany (subsidiary of a foreign investor or a West German multinational investor); size of enterprise (categorized); corporate sector; country code.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2011
Geographic Coverage
  • Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (DE-MV)
  • Saxony (DE-SN)
  • Saxony-Anhalt (DE-ST)
  • Thuringia (DE-TH)
  • Berlin (DE-BE)
  • Brandenburg (DE-BB)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Hungary (HU)
Sampled Universe
Companies with one or more foreign investors - INWARD FDI All companies in the selected sectors and countries in 2010 in which at least one foreign investor (in East Germany a West German multinational investor) holds either at least 10% of the shares/voting rights directly or at least 25% of the shares/voting rights indirectly Companies investing in a company abroad - OUTWARD FDI Companies in selected sectors and countries in 2010 that hold either at least 10% of the shares/voting rights directly or at least 25% of the shares/voting rights indirectly in a company domiciled abroad.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Stratified Sample Stratification by country, size class, industry (manufacturing, other industry) and inward or outward
Collection Mode
  • Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 115
Management, deputy or assistant to the management, department or division heads, especially in the area of research and development, were interviewed. Further studies are archived under the ZA-Study-Nos. 5076, 5077, 5078 and 5682.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5938 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • IWH (Type: FDZ)
  • Günther, Jutta; Gauselmann, Andrea; Marek, Philipp; Jindra, Björn; Engelhardt, Jan.: IWH-FDI-Micro-Database: Methodological Note Survey 2011 In Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and East Germany (including Berlin). Halle: Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), 2011

Update Metadata: 2020-11-01 | Issue Number: 18 | Registration Date: 2014-12-23