Social Support from the Perspective of three Generations (Survey of Families)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Deutsches Jugendinstitut (DJI), München
Publication Date
  • Infratest, Munich (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Family
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Family life and marriage
    • Income, property and investment/saving
  • Abstract

    The family situation in the multi-generation family. Attitude to mutual assistance and support needs. Topics: 1. Concepts and need for assistance: importance of communication within the family; necessity of consultations about family help in situations of need; having to rely on financial aid of family members; the significance of Christmas as a family celebration; attitude to visiting family members even without a particular cause; attitude to retention of inheritances and gifts within the family; attitude to family celebrations; having to rely on the help of others with repairs, renovation jobs, dealing with authorities, child care, in case of personal illness, to discuss personal matters, in borrowing money and in the care of a handicapped or frail family member. 2. Actual situation: living together with a partner; number of children; number of persons in household; contact for assistance in case of personal illness; borrowing and loaning money in the circle of the family or at banks; persons outside of the family who can be of help in the household, with trips to government offices and in child care; Christmas celebrations actually conducted with certain persons; regularly meeting with other family members; regular communication with family members; persons from whom one can expect financial support in case of need;financial support regularly received from family members; financial support personally provided to others; receipt of inheritance or gift; inheriting material assets; persons continually in need of care in the circle of family and relatives; perception of other persons asking too much in the solution of problems; consultations in the circle of the family about responsibility for help in situations of need; year of birth and month of birth; employment status; residential status; net household income and personal net income; personal health problems and those of partner; leisure behavior; religiousness; personal religious affiliation and that of partner; educational goals.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-03 / 1990-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Age at the main survey in autumn 1988 between 18 and 32 years, at this point in time living together with partner/spouse, and at least one person present from both the generation of the parents (parents or partner´s parents) and the grandparents (one´s own or partner´s grandparents)
Sampling Procedure Comment: As the ´starting person´ for the so-called network survey all persons were selected from the sample of the survey of families (n = 10043) who fulfilled the following criteria: age at the main survey in autumn 1988 between 18 and 32 years, at this point in time living together with partner/spouse, and at least one person present from both the generation of the parents (parents or partner´s parents) and the grandparents (one´s own or partner´s grandparents). In the master sample - the survey of families - 1323 persons fulfilled the criteria mentioned. Besides the starting person one of his parents was interviewed (if not available then instead one of the partner´s parents). Beyond this one of the partner´s parents and one person of the grandparents´ generation.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1285
    Number of Variables: 129
The study consists of two different data sets. Besides the basis data set containing the survey of 1285 persons there is a further data set, designated as the "network data set". This also contains the data of the family members and relatives of the "starting person". The investigation is part of a comprehensive research project "change and development of ways of family life in the Federal Republic of Germany ". The ZA Study Nos. 2245, 2392 and 2393 belong to this project.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2516 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • DJI (Type: FDZ)
  • Bien, Walter (Hrsg.): Eigeninteresse oder Solidarität: Beziehungen in modernen Mehrgenerationenfamilien. Opladen: Leske+Budrich, 1994. (Deutsches Jugendinstitut Familien-Survey Band 3)
  • Bender, Donald; Neyer, Franz Josef: Soziale Unterstützung aus der Sicht von drei Generationen (Generationennetze): Codebuch zur Ergänzung des Projekts "Wandel und Entwicklung familialer Lebensformen. München: Deutsches Jugendinstitut, März 1992.
  • Rosenbladt, Bernhard von; Eschenlohr, Jörg; Haberkorn, Martin; Preiß, Katharina: Drei-Generationen-Netze: Ein Forschungsprojekt des DJI. Methodenbericht zur Durchführung der Befragung. München: Infratest Sozialforschung, August 1990.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22