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Germany’s population categorized into age groups of criminal responsibility, 1950 – 2011.

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Franzmann, Gabriele
Publication Date
2015-01-08
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
Description
  • Abstract

    Description: Subject of the study: The age structure is of primary importance for the evaluation of the potential of a population in the areas of labor, economic development, consumption and also indicates needs concerning special facilities in the areas of education and the healthcare sector. Further the total population can be seen as a benchmark for the calculation of indices. The present data from the Federal Office of Statistics sorted by age and sex for the territory of Germany is summarized in age groups of criminal responsibility. The population of Germany is measured regarding the respective frontiers – until 1989 the territory of the former Federal Republic and from 1990 on the German territory after the reunification from the third of October in 1990. The status of the indicated numbers of population is as of December 31 of each the year. The data comes from the censuses and from current population estimations. The entries on population therefore contain German and Foreign population together. With the help of the entries on non-German population altogether from the censuses and the entries on the age structure of the foreign population, taken from the data of the Central Register for Foreign Nationals, the portion of the criminal responsible non-German population will be calculated, so it can be compared to the German criminal responsible population. Criminal responsibility means reaching an age at which the legislators think a person is capable of overviewing the consequences of his or her actions and therefore takes over the responsibility for these actions. In the German Empire, the beginning of the criminal responsibility was with 12 years in 1871. 1923 a juvenile court law was enacted in which the age for criminal responsibility was increased to 14 years. With the “first act for the protection of adolescent dangerous criminals” in 1939 adolescents were treated as adults in front of the law only from the age of 16 on. Then after the “Reichsjugendgesetz” (Reich´s juvenile act) in 1943 the complete legal culpability and criminal responsibility started again with 12 years. The new version of the Juvenile Courts Act from October 1953 rose the age of criminal responsibility again to 14 years and this is nowadays still valid. In the jurisdiction of the Federal Republic of Germany criminal responsibility develops with increasing age in three steps. The German panel code establishes criminal responsibility at the age of 14 years. Until the age of 14 years there is no criminal responsibility at all. The term for this used in the law is lack of culpability of the child (Schuldunfähigkeit des Kindes) (vgl. Wikipedia: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strafmündigkeit). Adolescents (Persons who are between 14 and 17 years old) are individually criminal responsible, if committing the crime they are mature enough to realize the injustice of the crime and to act according to that realization. For those cases a special juvenile criminal law is used. At the age of 18 the full criminal responsibility starts, but for adolescents and young adults (in the age of 18 – 21 years) the juvenile criminal law can still be applied, if at the time the crime is committed the young adult is still in a moral and mental state of development that compares to an adolescent or when the crime can be seen as a youth misconduct. From the age of 21 years on the adults criminal law is applied. Subject-matter series 10, series 3 of the statistics on criminal prosecution of the Federal Statistical Office report from the year 1978 the composition of the criminal responsible German population for the first of January of the corresponding year, structured by sex and age group. For Germany in the frontiers after the third October of 1990 data on the criminal responsible population in the subject-matter series 10, series 3, is available only from 2007. The data of the present study refers to the population level in the end of the year (as at 31.12 and is gathered by the population census and calculated by the current population estimations. Tables 01 to 20 contain data on the German and the foreign population altogether. Table 21 reports on the foreign population after the results of the censuses and the current population estimation. In table 22 the foreign population at the age from 0 to 15 years was estimated, using the aged grouped data of the Central Register of Foreign Nationals and the results from table 21. These are the categories used: Not criminal responsible population: - Children under the age of 8 years - Children from 8 to less than 14 years Criminal responsible population: Adolescents: - Adolescents, from14 to less than 16 years - Adolescents, from16 to less than 18 years - Adolescents, from14 to less than 18 years Criminal responsible population: Young adults: - Young adults: (from 18 to fewer than 21 years) Criminal responsible population: -Young adults and adults (from 18 years on) Criminal responsible population: Adults: - Adults from 21 years on - Young adults (from 21 to fewer than 25 years) - Adults, from 25 to less than 30 years - Adults, from 30 to less than 35 years - Adults, from 35 to less than 40 years - Adults, from 40 years on - Adults, from 40 to less than 45 years - Adults, from 45 to less than 50 years - Adults, from 50 to less than 60 years - Adults, from 60 to less than 70 years - Adults, from 70 years on and older Non-German population: - Non-German population altogether by sex (census data und current population estimation) - Non-German population under the age of 15 years by sex (Estimated on the basis of the data of the Central Register of Foreign Nationals) Time and place of the investigation: Former territory of the Federal Republic of Germany; Germany in the frontiers after the third October of 1990 Problems with sources, note: The level of the population measured for each year at the 12.31. In the subject-matter series, series 3, the level of the criminal responsible population is reported for the beginning of each year (1.1). Data tables in HISTAT (topic: population): 01 Infants and children until under the age of 8 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 02 Children between 8 and 14 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 03 Adolescents between 14 and 16 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 04 Adolescents between 16 and 18 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 05 Adolescents between 14 and 18 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 06 Young adults between 18 and 21 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 07 Population (Young adults and adults) from 18 years on (population as of 31.12. of the year)) Germany, 1967-2011 08 Adults from 21 years on (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 09 Young adults between 21and 25 (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 10 Adults between 25 and less than 30 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 11 Adults between 30 and less than 35 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 12 Adults between 35 and less than 40 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) in Germany, 1967-2011 13 Adults from 40 years on (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 14 Adults between 40 and less than 45 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 15 Adults between 45 and less than 50 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 16 Adults between 50 and less than 60 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 17 Adults between 60 and less than 70 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 18 Adults from 70 years on (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 19 Criminal responsible population (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 20 Population altogether (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1967-2011 21 Non-German population altogether (Foreigners, population as of 31.12. of the year, data from census and current population estimation) Germany, 1970-2011 22 Foreigners – not criminal responsible population, 0-15 years (population as of 31.12. of the year) Germany, 1970-2011
Temporal Coverage
  • 1950 / 2011
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 63
Availability
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A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8597 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • keine (online-Publikation).

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-01-08

Franzmann, Gabriele (2015): histat-Datenkompilation online: Die Bevölkerung Deutschlands gruppiert nach den Altersgruppen der Strafmündigkeit (strafmündige Bevölkerung), 1950– 2011.. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12152