Comparative Election Study 1990 (Primary Respondents, 1st Wave)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kaase, Max (Mannheimer Zentrum für europäische Sozialforschung, Universität Mannheim)
Publication Date
  • GFM-GETAS, Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Mass media
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Recording the communication processes between the political system and the voter. Political attitudes; media usage; judgement on parties and politicians. Topics: Judgement on the current economic situation in the Federal Republic and expectation for the next year; interest in politics; regularly reading the Bild tabloid; daily newspapers read; recording frequency and topics of daily newspapers read; interest in political reports and political commentaries; regularly reading ZEIT and Spiegel; books read in the last three months; opportunities of reception of SAT1 and RTL; favorite stations on television; frequency of following TV news programs, organized according to broadcast time and TV station; self-classification of intensity of following news broadcasts; frequency of watching selected television series, crime series, shows, game shows, political broadcasts and business broadcasts; most important political problems in Germany; postmaterialism; intent to participate in the election; party preference (first vote and second vote); knowledge about the significance of first vote and second vote; expected winner of the coming Federal Parliament election; sympathy scale for Federal Chancellor Kohl and candidate for chancellor Lafontaine; preference for federal chancellor; attitude to democracy as idea; satisfaction with democracy; self-classification on a left-right continuum; political interest and understanding of political processes (scale); party inclination and party identification; preference for governmental or market economy solution of economic problems in the new states; assumed position of the individual parties on this question; attitude to restriction of the right to asylum, on the question of abortion and on the question of nuclear energy as well as assumed position of the parties in these questions; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election or in the election to the Berlin House of Representatives; perceived representation of interests of respondent by selected associations, organizations and parties; classification of the importance of these organizations and parties for the respondent; recording the four most important conversation spartners of respondent; detailed information on frequency of contact, familial relation, frequency of political discussions, age, occupational position, union membership, religious affiliation, assumed party preference, political knowledge, agreement of opinion, assumed attitude of these persons on the topic abortion; partner through life; living together with partner through life; employment in the civil service; religiousness; year of birth; month of birth; born in the old states or length of residence in the old states; regional origins from the eastern states; residential status; possession of a telephone. Additionally the following was surveyed: conduct of respondent on being asked to send an envelope with an enclosed questionnaire to one of the specified persons; recording whether the person interviewed wanted to be named as sender or not; reasons for refusal to be sender. Interviewer rating: presence of other persons during the interview; interventions of other persons in the course of the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; classification of reliability of respondent; length of interview; date of interview; identification of interviewer; sex of interviewer; age of interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-10 / 1990-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Probability: Stratified; Sampling Procedure Comment: Stratified random sample (ADM-Master-Sample/West and from all municipalities/East), number of respondents East: 692, West: 1340
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal: Panel
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2032
    Number of Variables: 354
The data set described above is part of the project "Comparative Election Studies 1990", which is the German sub-project of the international project network "Comparative National Election Project (CNEP)". The data sets 2517 to 2522 have been archived on the German project. The project design anticipated a three-wave panel survey conducted both in the eastern part and in the western part of the Federal Republic. These surveys are largely identical and therefore consolidated in one data set. Besides this data set about the so-called "primary respondents" at the time of the first survey wave the spouses (ZA Study No. 2520) of these primary respondents were also interviewed in writing. In the second survey wave besides a repeated spouse survey (ZA Study No. 2521) so-called political conversation partners (ZA Study No. 2522) of the primary respondents were also interviewed. The third wave consisted of a ballot survey among the primary respondents (ZA Study No. 2519). Part of this project are ZA Study Nos. 2656 and 2657 in which the coded recording of political articles in the media was surveyed.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2517 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • WAHLEN (Type: FDZ)
  • Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger: Politische Kommunikation und Wählerverhalten: Ein internationaler Vergleich. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag 2000.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22