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Living Spaces - Public Opinion Survey of the BBR 1996

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Böltken, Ferdinand (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
  • Meyer, Katrin (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
  • Neußer, Wolfgang (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
  • Sturm, Gabriele (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
  • Waltersbacher, Matthias (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
Publication Date
  • GFM-GETAS, Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Income
    • Community, Living Environment
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Employment
    • Migration
    • Community, urban and rural life
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Housing
    • Economic conditions and indicators
  • Abstract

    Housing and residential status. Residential area and social structure. Mobility and economic situation. Employment. Election decision and participation. Topics: 1. Housing and housing status: size of the place of residence (degree of urbanisation); location; duration of residence; satisfaction with the place of residence; length of residence in the apartment; number of moves in the last ten years; previous place of residence; residential status of the previous apartment; living space of the previous apartment; reasons for moving; main reason for moving; residential status of the current apartment; one or more households in the house; monthly contribution costs; type of purchase of house/flat; construction of the house/flat by public subsidies; amount of monthly mortgage repayment and interest; amount of monthly ancillary costs; amount of heating costs in the last calendar year; amount of maintenance costs in the last calendar year; monthly burden subsidy received from the state; housing entitlement certificate required; owner of the flat; rent amount; rent including costs for heating and hot water; amount of lump sum for heating and hot water (or. for heating and hot water separately); average costs for heating and hot water and payment period; rent includes modernisation charge; amount of modernisation charge in total or per sqm; type of modernisation measures for which a modernisation charge is paid; adequacy of rental costs; receipt of housing benefit; amount of monthly housing charge; living space; number of rooms; assessment of apartment size; apartment furnishing; apartment equipment meets needs; preferred living standard; year of construction of the house; assessment of the structural condition of the house; satisfaction with the apartment. 2. Residential area and social structure: satisfaction with the immediate residential environment; satisfaction with the environmental conditions at the place of residence; walking distance to selected facilities (e.g. public transport stops, shopping facilities, doctors, kindergarten, primary school, etc.); social structure: social differences in the immediate living environment; relationship with neighbours; satisfaction with the neighbourhood; development of personal living situation; greatest loss after possible relocation (local connection); preferred home; preferred residential area; foreigners in the residential environment; proportion of foreigners in the residential area compared to other residential areas; foreigners who have been living in the residential area or have recently moved in; newly arrived foreigners are predominantly ethnic Germans, refugees or have been living in Germany for some time; relationship between foreigners and Germans in the residential environment; attitude towards the spatial separation of Germans and foreigners; personal contacts with foreigners or Germans in the family, at work, in the neighbourhood or among friends and acquaintances; assessment of assistance for foreigners (simple entry aids, more extensive integration measures or renouncement of such assistance). 3. Mobility: intention to move; reasons for moving; most important reason for moving; preference for moving (target area); plans for the current apartment within the next two years or changes already carried out in the last two years (new furnish, renovate, modernise, add-on or conversion); classification on a ladder best form of living / worst imaginable apartment (own apartment, in comparison own apartment 5 years ago, best accessible apartment, justly entitled apartment, average apartment of friends and acquaintances, apartment of an average German citizen); assessment of the current personal economic situation. 4. Employment: employment status; job security; length of working distance; longest accepted working distance in minutes; willingness to commute. 5. Election decision and participation: eligibility to vote in the last federal election; participation in the last federal election and election decision (second vote); party preference (Sunday question) or party most likely to be considered. Demography: sex; age (month of birth and year of birth); highest school leaving certificate or targeted school leaving certificate; age at school leaving certificate; vocational education or training certificate; current or former employment; full-time or part-time employment; current or last professional position; current or last professional activity; marital status; cohabitation with a partner; own children; self-classification of class; denomination; closeness to the church; household size; net income of the respondent; number of children in the household and age of these children; number of persons in the household aged 18 years and older; number of persons in the household who contribute to the household income; number of persons employed in the household; household net income; place of residence before 1989; car ownership; German citizenship; telephone connection in the household. Interviewer rating: residential house type; residential area type. Additionally coded was: BBSR ID; Split; Respondents ID; ADM network; state; government district; city size (political community size, BIK/Boustedt); interview date; Interview duration; weighting factors.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996-11-12 / 1997-01-09
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 18 years and over in private households of the Federal Republic of Germany The population included the German resident population and the foreign resident population, provided that the interview could be conducted in German.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: PAPI (Paper and Pencil Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 284
The study is part of a series that has been conducted since 1985.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5116 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2015-02-03

Böltken, Ferdinand; Meyer, Katrin; Neußer, Wolfgang; Sturm, Gabriele; Waltersbacher, Matthias (2015): LebensRäume - Bevölkerungsumfrage des BBSR 1996. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.