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Living Spaces - Public Opinion Survey of the BBR 1997

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Böltken, Ferdinand (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
  • Meyer, Katrin (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
  • Neußer, Wolfgang (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
  • Sturm, Gabriele (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
  • Waltersbacher, Matthias (Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), Bonn)
Publication Date
  • GFM-GETAS, Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Income
    • Community, Living Environment
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Employment
    • Migration
    • Community, urban and rural life
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Housing
  • Abstract

    Housing and housing status. Residential area and social structure. Mobility and economic situation. Employment. Election decision and participation. Topics: 1. Housing and housing status: Size of the place (degree of urbanisation); location; duration of residence; satisfaction with the place of residence; duration of residence in the apartment; previous location; status of the previous apartment; status of the current apartment; one or more households in the house; monthly contribution costs; type of purchase of the house/flat; amount of the monthly charge for mortgage repayment and interest; amount of monthly ancillary costs; amount of maintenance costs in the last calendar year; residence entitlement certificate required; owner of the apartment; rent amount; rent including costs for heating and hot water; amount of the lump sum for heating and hot water (or for heating and hot water separately); average costs for heating and hot water and payment period; rent includes modernisation levy; amount of modernisation levy overall or per sqm; adequacy of rental costs; withdrawal of housing benefit; amount of monthly housing benefit; living space; number of rooms; assessment of apartment size; apartment equipment; apartment equipment meets needs; modem or Internet connection; garden or weekend property outside the immediate residential environment; year of construction of the house; assessment of the structural condition of the house; satisfaction with the apartment. 2. Residential area and social structure: satisfaction with the immediate living environment; satisfaction with the environmental conditions at the place of residence; walking distance to selected facilities (e.g. public transport stops, shopping facilities, doctors, kindergarten, primary school, etc.); frequency of contact with relatives and friends or acquaintances (visiting relatives or friends, visits of relatives or friends, meet elsewhere, phone or write); relatives in the residential area; friends in the residential area; shopping frequency in larger shopping centres more than 5 km away from home; frequency of leisure activities at a distance of more than 20-30 km; social differences in the immediate residential environment; relationship with neighbours; change in social composition in the residential environment; foreigners in the residential area; proportion of foreigners in residential area compared to other residential areas; attitude to the spatial separation of Germans and foreigners; personal contacts with foreigners or Germans in the family, at work, in the neighbourhood or among friends and acquaintances. 3. Mobility: intention to move; most important reason for moving; preference of moving (target area); assessment of current and future personal economic situation; change in personal economic situation since one year. 4. Employment: employment status; job security; distance to work in minutes; distance to work in kilometers; problems with reconciling work and family life. 5. Election decision and participation: eligibility to vote in the last federal election; participation in the last federal election and election decision (second vote); party preference (Sunday question) or party most likely to be considered. Demography: sex; age (month of birth and year of birth); highest school leaving certificate or targeted school leaving certificate; age at school leaving certificate; vocational education or training certificate; current or former employment; full-time or part-time employment; current or last employment position; current or last employment; current or last employment; employment in the public sector; marital status; cohabitation with a partner; employment status of the partner; former employment of the partner; professional activity of the partner; self-assessment of class affiliation; denomination; closeness to the church; church attendance frequency; union member in the household; closeness to the union; household size; net income of the respondent; number of children in the household and age of these children; number of persons in the household aged 18 years and older with German citizenship and persons with foreign citizenship; number of persons in the household contributing to household income; number of persons employed in the household; net household income; place of residence before 1989; German citizenship; telephone in the household with or without answering machine; computers in the household and computer equipment; Internet connection. Interviewer rating: residential house type; residential area type; interview is conducted in the old or new federal states. Additionally coded: ID BBSR; split; respondent-ID; state; government district; city size (political community size, BIK/Boustedt); interview date; interview duration; weighting factors; West/East.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1997-11-01 / 1997-12-24
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 18 years and over in private households of the Federal Republic of Germany The population included the German resident population and the foreign resident population, provided that the interview could be conducted in German.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: PAPI (Paper and Pencil Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 188
The study is part of a series that has been conducted since 1985.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5117 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2015-02-04

Böltken, Ferdinand; Meyer, Katrin; Neußer, Wolfgang; Sturm, Gabriele; Waltersbacher, Matthias (2015): LebensRäume - Bevölkerungsumfrage des BBSR 1997. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.