Eurobarometer 42 (Nov-Dec 1994)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Europäische Kommission
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 42 (Alternative Title)
  • The First Year of the New European Union (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses (Researcher)
  • Marketing Unit, Bruessel (Data Collector)
  • GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen (Data Collector)
  • SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln (Data Collector)
  • KEME, Athen (Data Collector)
  • CIMEI, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • TMO Consultants, Paris (Data Collector)
  • Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • PRAGMA, Rom (Data Collector)
  • ILRES, Luxemburg (Data Collector)
  • NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • NORMA, Lissabon (Data Collector)
  • NOP Corporate & Financial, London (Data Collector)
  • Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland (Data Collector)
  • SPECTRA, Linz (Data Collector)
  • TEMO AB, Solna, Schweden (Data Collector)
  • Marketing Development Center, Espoo, Finnland (Data Collector)
  • Nielsen Norge, Bergen INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Attitude to European unification, the European Parliament and further development of the Union. Topics: General contentment with life; postmaterialism; expected development of personal situation, one´s own financial situation and the job situation in the coming year; expected general economic development of the country; frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and daily newspapers; national pride and reasons for national pride (split: exchange of the sequence of general determination and naming of reasons); attitude to pride in the nation; self-classification of political orientation. Europe: general interest in politics and special interest in European politics; satisfaction with democracy at municipal, national and European level; European citizenship; self-classification of general extent to which informed about the European Union; approval of European unification; attitude to membership of the country in the EU and advantageousness of membership for one´s own country; regret of a failure of the EU; judgement on the speed of unification of the EU and desired progress of this unification; desired national or European responsibility for political departments and for selected political measures; desire for increased information about the European Union; perceived information about the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Council of Ministers, the European Court of Justice, the Common Market and the Maastricht Treaty (split: in the last three months versus recently); personal hopes in the Common Market; hopes in the Common Market regarding the job market, trade, competition, the economic situation and social policies; reasons and type of concerns regarding the Common Market; approval of future membership in the EU for Austria, Finland, Sweden, Norway, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovenia; familiarity of those countries who conducted a referendum regarding joining the EU; familiarity of the positive or negative result of these referendums. Future European politics: judgement on selected ideas about the future development of the EU; approval of individual parts of the Maastricht Treaty such as central currency bank, common currency, defense and foreign policy; knowledge about the correct date of the last European election; personal election participation; behavior at the polls; knowledge about increased power of the European Parliament since the Maastricht Treaty; approval of this increased power of the parliament; knowledge about termination of the mandate of the European Commission; knowledge of the name of the new president of the European Commission; judgement on the job of the previous president Jaques Delores; knowledge about the names of the commissars in the EU commission coming from the country of respondent; EU countries to which one feels a special closeness, which one can trust politically, which are committed to the European idea, which work economically efficiently, conduct business reliably and conduct intensive European policies; knowledge of the ECHO logo (European Community Humanitarian Office); knowledge of the organizations: ECHO, UNICEF, UNHCR, USAID and WFT; knowledge about humanitarian aid of the EU altogether as well as especially for Ruanda as well as for former Yugoslavia; judgement on the information policies of ECHO; attitude to increase or reduction of humanitarian aid of the EU; comparison of the extent of humanitarian aid of the USA, the EU and Japan; preference for humanitarian aid of the EU, the individual countries, the UN or relief organizations independent of countries; judgement on manner of provision of humanitarian resources by the EU. European Parliament: significance of the European Parliament; adequate control over the power of the European Commission, the Council of Ministers and the Administration by the European Parliament; judgement on the reliability of decisions of the EU Commission, the national government, the European Parliament, the national parliament and the Council of Ministers in the interest of the citizens; perceived representation of interests through the European Parliament; political areas to which the European Parliament should pay particular attention. Foreigner questions: assessment of the proportion of foreigners in the country; perceived disturbances through people of other nationality, another race or other religion. Family: attitude to the role of women or men in the household. Nutrition and risk of cancer: assumed influence of selected foods on the risk of cancer. The significance of God in one´s own life (scale). Demography: possession of durable consumer goods; self-classification on a left-right continuum; party preference; age at conclusion of school training; religiousness. In Denmark, Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Ireland, Portugal and in the United Kingdom the image of Italy was additionally surveyed: intensity of observing Italian politics; judgement on the political as well as the economic situation of Italy on scales. The following questions were posed in France: degree of familiarity of brands of soft drinks; consumption at home and away from home, brands consumed and frequency of consumption of soft drinks; conduct when the preferred brand of soft drink is not available in the selection of the restaurant as well as store; assessment of the difference of soft drink beverages from other refreshments; most important reason for consumption of soft drinks; assessment of the different taste of the individual brands of soft drinks. The following questions were posed in Norway: general judgement on the EES treaty; personal agreement or rejection in the EU referendum; conduct given a new referendum; significance of Norway´s joining the EU for the areas of environment, jobs, health, security policy, drug policy, structure policy, economy, culture and regarding political influence; expected future EU membership of the country. Also encoded was: time of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; city size; possession of a telephone.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-12-01 / 1994-12-22
  • 1994-12-01 / 1994-12-18
  • 1994-12-01 / 1994-12-19
  • 1994-11-30 / 1994-12-16
  • 1994-11-28 / 1994-12-12
  • 1994-11-30 / 1994-12-15
  • 1994-11-30 / 1994-12-23
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 1994-11-29 / 1994-12-23
  • 1994-11-29 / 1994-12-31
  • 1994-11-30 / 1994-12-31
  • 1994-11-29 / 1994-12-16
  • 1994-11-28 / 1994-12-16
    Great Britain
  • 1994-11-30 / 1994-12-21
    Northern Ireland
  • 1994-12-01 / 1994-12-13
  • 1994-12-01 / 1994-12-13
  • 1994-11-14 / 1994-11-27
  • 1994-11-30 / 1994-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Norway (NO)
Sampled Universe
Persons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 16677
    Number of Variables: 544
The total number of respondents is distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1043 cases, Denmark 1001 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1018 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1034 cases, Greece 1002 cases, Spain 1006 cases, France 1007 cases, Ireland 1002 cases, Italy 1055 cases, Luxembourg 500 cases, Netherlands 1047 cases, Portugal 997 cases, Great Britain 1045 cases, Northern Ireland 306 cases, Austria 1082 cases, Sweden 501 cases, Finland 1000 cases, Norway 1031 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-41) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962, 2031-2033, 2081, 2141, 2241-2243, 2294-2295, 2346, 2347 as well as 2459, 2490, 2491. A cumulated dataset of Eurobarometers (1970-2002) with selected trend questions is archived under ZA Study No. 3521 In the non-EU-countries Austria, Sweden, Finland and Norway only a selection of questions was posed. The survey in Norway is not part of the official Eurobarometer and was conducted on the initiative of the Norwegians. Data on vote intention (D4) and voting behaviour (D5) are not available for new member countries Austria and Sweden, although (at least) the national field questionnaire for Austria does include both.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2563 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06518.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.2563
  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 42: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1995.
  • INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Europeenne, et le European Community Humanitarian Office: Les Européens et ECHO - European Community Humanitarian Office. Bruxelles, février 1995.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 41 | Registration Date: 2012-08-09